Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2016 | 4 | nr 4 Entrepreneurship in the Global Context | 153--170
Tytuł artykułu

Work-life Balance Decision-making of Norwegian Students : Implications for Human Resources Management

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Objective: The paper aims at identifying and assessing the significance of work-life balance determinants between the Youth of highly developed societies and its implications for human resources management on the example of Norway.

Research Design & Methods: The research target group consists of 236 respondents recruited among Norwegian tertiary education students. It employed literature analysis, two-stage exploratory research: direct individual in-depth interviews, survey based on a self-administered, web-based questionnaire with single-answer, limited choice qualitative & quantitative, as well as explanatory research (informal moderated group discussions).

Findings: The research on perceptions of determinants of quality of life and attractiveness of life strategies shows that in a country with relatively high socio-economic development level, such as Norway, differences in rankings do exist. They can be observed in relevance to both material and non-material QoL determinants.

Implications & Recommendations: The study revealed a need for deeper research on individually driven early decision-making of future employees and entrepreneurs. This will result in closer modelling of socio-economic phenomena, including more accurate adaptation to trends on the labour market and creation of new business models.

Contribution & Value Added: Research value added comes from the comparison of perceptions of quality of life determinants between countries at various stages of socio-economic development and its implications for human resource management. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • Cracow University of Economics, Poland
  • University of Agder, Norway
  • Abel-Smith, B., & Townsend, P. (1965). The poor and the poorest. Occasional Papers on Social Administration, 17.
  • Adame, C., Caplliure, E-M., & Miquel, M-J. (2016). Work-life balance and firms: A matter of women? Journal of Business Research, 69(4), 1379-1383. doi: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.10.111
  • Alfes, K., Shantz, A.D., Truss, C., & Soane, E.C. (2013). The link between perceived human resource management practices, engagement and employee behaviour: a moderated mediation model. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 24(2), 330-351.
  • Alkire, S., & Foster, J. (2011). Counting and multidimensional poverty measurement. Journal of Public Economics, 95, 476-487.
  • Anand, P., Krishnakumar, J., & Tran, N.B. (2011). Measuring welfare: Latent variable models for happiness and capabilities in the presence of unobservable heterogeneity. Journal of Public Economics, 95, 205-215.
  • Ansoff, H.I. (1975). Managing strategic surprise by response to weak signals. Californian Management Review, 18(2), 21-33.
  • Atkinson, A.B. (1983). The Economics of Inequality. 2nd edition. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Atkinson, A.B. (2003). Multidimensional deprivation: contrasting social welfare and counting approaches. Journal of Economic Inequality, 1, 51-65.
  • Baron, J.N., Jennings, P.D., & Dobbin, F.T. (1988). Mission control? The development of personnel systems in U.S. industry. American Sociological Review, 53, 497-514.
  • Boreham, P., Povey, J., & Tomaszewski, W. (2016). Work and social well-being: the impact of employment conditions on quality of life. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(6), 593-611.
  • Chang, J., Travaglione, A., & O'Neill, G. (2015). How can gender signal employee qualities in retailing? Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 27, 24-30, doi: 10.1016/j.jretconser.2015.07.004
  • Gawlik, R. (2013). Material and non-material determinants of European youth's life quality. In N. Delener, L. Fuxman, F.V. Lu, S. Rodrigues & L.E. Rivera (Eds.), Globalizing Businesses for the Next Century: Visualizing and Developing Contemporary Approaches to Harness Future Opportunities (pp. 339-346). New York, NY: Global Business and Technology Association.
  • Gawlik, R. (2014). Zastosowanie metody Analitycznego Procesu Sieciowego do wspierania racjonalnych wyborów młodych Europejczyków. Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu: Nowe kierunki w zarządzaniu przedsiębiorstwem - wiodące orientacje, 340, 415-426.
  • Gawlik, R. (2015). Zmiany parametrów jakości życia Młodych Europejczyków - implikacje dla przedsiębiorstw. In E. Małuszyńska, G. Mazur & P. Idczak (red.), Unia Europejska wobec wyzwań przyszłości, Aspekty społeczne, gospodarcze i środowiskowe (pp. 13-22). Poznań: Wyd. Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu.
  • Gawlik, R., Titarenko, R., & Titov, S. (2015). Perception of Quality of Life and Its Components between Russian Students and Its Implications for University Lecturers. Horyzonty Polityki: Polityka publiczna, 6(16), 127-150.
  • Ginevičius, R., Gedvilaitė, D., & Bruzgė, Š. (2015). Assessment of a Country's Regional Economic Development on the Basis of Estimation of a Single Process (ESP) Method. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 3(2), 141-153.
  • Gries, T., & Naudé, W. (2011). Entrepreneurship and human development: A capability approach. Journal of Public Economics, 95, 216-224.
  • Holopainen, M., & Toivonen, M. (2012). Weak signals: Ansoff today. Futures, 44, 198-205. doi: 10.1016/j.futures.2011.10.002
  • Huselid, M.A., Jackson S.E., & Schuler, R.S. (1997). Technical and strategic human resource management effectiveness as determinants of firm performance. The Academy of Management Journal, 40(1), 171-188.
  • Jackson S.E., Schuler, R.S., & Jiang, K. (2014). An aspirational framework for strategic human resource management. The Academy of Management Annals, 8(1), 1-56.
  • Jungeilges, J., & Theisen, T. (2008). A comparative study of equity judgements in Lithuania and Norway. Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, 1090-1118.
  • Kehoe, R.R., & Wright, P.R. (2013). The Impact of High-Performance Human Resource Practices on Employees' Attitudes and Behaviors. Journal of Management, 39(2), 366-391.
  • Khan, H. (1990). Measurement and Determinants of Socioeconomic Development: A Critical Conspectus. Social Indicators Research, 24(2), 153-175.
  • Kirk, S. (2016). Career capital in global Kaleidoscope Careers: the role of HRM. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(6), 681-697.
  • Layard, R. (2005). Happiness: Lessons from a New Science. New York, NY: Penguin Press.
  • Legatum Institute (2015). Legatum Prosperity Index. Legatum Institute. Retrieved on May 17, 2016 from
  • Lub, X.D., Bal, P.M., Blomme, R.J., & Schalk, R. (2016). One job, one deal... or not: do generations respond differently to psychological contract fulfilment? The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(6), 653-680. doi: 10.1080/09585192.2015.1035304
  • Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and Personality. New York, NY: Harper.
  • Neumark, D., & Muz, J. (2016). The "Business Climate" and Economic Inequality. Review of Income and Wealth, 62(1), 161-180. doi: 10.1111/roiw.12146
  • Parakandi, M., & Behery, M. (2016). Sustainable human resources: Examining the status of organizational work-life balance practices in the United Arab Emirates. Renewable & Sustainable
  • Energy Reviews, 55, 1370-1379. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.095
  • Perls, F. (1942). Ego, hunger and aggression. Durban: Knox Publishing.
  • Perls, F., Hefferline, R., & Goodman, P. (1951). Gestalt therapy: excitement and growth in the human personality. New York, NY: Julian Press.
  • Perls, F. (1969). Gestalt therapy verbatim. Lafayette, CA: Real People Press.
  • Pocztowski, A. (2008). Zarządzanie zasobami ludzkimi: strategie, procesy, metody. Warszawa: Polskie Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne.
  • Presbitero, A., Roxas, B., & Chadee, D. (2016). Looking beyond HRM practices in enhancing employee retention in BPOs: focus on employee-organisation value fit. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(6), 635-652.
  • Ren, X., & Caudle, D. (2016). Walking the tightrope between work and non-work life: strategies employed by British and Chinese academics and their implications. Studies in Higher Education, 41(4), 599-618. doi: 10.1080/03075079.2014.942277
  • Reporters Without Borders (2015). Press Freedom Index. Reporters Without Borders. Retrieved on May 17, 2016 from
  • Russo, M., Shteigman, A., & Carmeli, A. (2016). Workplace and family support and work-life balance: Implications for individual psychological availability and energy at work. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 11(2), 173-188. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2015.1025424
  • Schuessler, K.F., & Fisher, G.A. (1985). Quality of Life Research and Sociology. Annual Review of Sociology, 11, 129-149. doi: 10.1146/
  • Sen, A.K. (1979). Personal utilities and public judgements: or what's wrong with welfare economics? Economic Journal, 89(355), 537-558.
  • Sen, A.K. (1985). Commodities and capabilities. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Sen, A.K. (1992). Inequality Reexamined. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Sen, A.K. (1993). Capability and wellbeing. In M. Nussbaum & A.K. Sen (Eds.), The Quality of Life (pp. 30-53). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Sen, A.K. (1999). Development as freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Simkins, T.J., & Peterson, M. (2016). Assessing the Value of a Societal-Level Sustainability Index for Macromarketing Research. Journal of Macromarketing, 36(1), 78-95.
  • Smith, A. (1759). The theory of moral sentiments. Strand & Edinburgh: A. Millar, A. Kincaid & J. Bell.
  • Stec, M., Filip, P., Grzebyk, M., & Pierscieniak, A. (2014). Socio-Economic Development in the EU Member States - Concept and Classification. Inzinerine Ekonomika-Engineering Economics, 25(5), 504-512. doi: 10.5755/
  • Stiglitz, J., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J-P. (Eds.) (2009). Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress. Paris: Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress.
  • Şerban-Oprescu, G. (2012). Economic Approaches to Sustainability and Quality of Life. An Epistemological Study. The Romanian Economic Journal, 46 bis, 79-96.
  • Tang, Y., & Hornung, S. (2015). Work-family enrichment through I-Deals: evidence from Chinese employees. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 30(8), 940-954.
  • Tolbert, P.S., & Zucker, L.G. (1983). Institutional sources of change in organizational structure: The diffusion of civil service reform. Administrative Science Quarterly, 23, 22-39.
  • Ulman, P., & Šoltés, E. (2015). The monetary and non-monetary aspects of poverty in Poland and Slovakia. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 3(1), 61-73.
  • UNDP (2015). Human Development Report. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved on May 17, 2016 from statistical_annex.pdf
  • Urbaniec, M. (2015). Sustainable Development Indicators in Poland: Measurement and System Evaluation. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 3(1), 119-134.
  • Uysal, M., Sirgy, M.J., Woo, E., & Kim, H. (2016). Quality of life (QoL) and well-being research in tourism. Tourism Management, 53, 244-261. doi: 10.1016/j.tourman.2015.07.013
  • World Bank (2015). World Development Indicators Database. World Bank. Retrieved on May 17, 2016 from
  • Zheng, C., Kashi, K., Fan, D., Molineux, J., & Shan Ee, M. (2016). Impact of individual coping strategies and organisational work-life balance programmes on Australian employee well-being. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 27(5), 501-526.
  • Żur, A. (2015). Social Problems as Sources of Opportunity: Antecedents of Social Entrepreneurship Opportunities. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 3(4), 73-87.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.