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2016 | nr 26 | 27--57
Tytuł artykułu

Evolutionary Stability of Discriminating Social Norms

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Ewolucyjna stabilność dyskryminujących norm społecznych
Języki publikacji
Praca przedstawia model ewolucyjny ilustrujący mechanizmy przyczyniające się do stabilności dyskryminujących norm społecznych, tj. zasad zachowania spełniających dwa warunki: (1) odmienne traktowanie aktorów o tych samych umiejętnościach i możliwościach, ale różniących się arbitralnymi cechami, (2) wsparcie na sankcjach społecznych. W proponowanym modelu zarówno dyskryminacja, jak i normy społeczne są konieczne, by rozwiązać problem koordynacji powstający, gdy sytuacja wymaga, aby poszczególni aktorzy podjęli różne zadania. Analizowane są własności zasad zachowania opartych na dyskryminacji, skutkujących różnymi poziomami nierówności. Pokazano, że w ogólności zasady zapewniające równe wypłaty są łatwiejsze do ustabilizowania, ale niesprawiedliwe normy także mogą być stabilne. (abstrakt oryginalny)
The paper presents an evolutionary model illustrating the dynamics that give rise to discriminatory social norms i.e. such rules of behaviour that fulfil two conditions: (1) they treat differently actors having the same abilities and technical options, but differing in some arbitrary sense (2) they are supported by socially enforced sanctions. In the presented model both discrimination and social norms are necessary to solve a coordination problem that arises when the situation requires different actors to perform different tasks. The properties of behavioural rules relying on discrimination and leading to various degrees of inequality are analysed. It is demonstrated that in general norms ensuring equal payoffs are easier to stabilize, but unfair norms can also be stable. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
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