Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2017 | No. 35 | 45--64
Tytuł artykułu

Poverty and Social Exclusion : an Alternative Spatial Explanation

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Poverty and social deprivation remain some of the biggest concerns in the face of obtaining social sustainability. In this respect, the continuing immense spatial differences between individual localities of seemingly similar characteristics have puzzled social scientists for decades. In quest for a better understanding, this article highlights the role of spatial heterogeneity as a factor conducive to the formation of functionally derelict areas, which in turn play a crucial role in the formation of spatial mismatch. Using two case studies from Poland, one from a big city and one from a small village, we explore the relationality between the phenomena of spatial heterogeneity, functional dereliction and spatial mismatch, whose mutual reinforcement seems to lead to a specific kind of deprivation in terms of scale and intensity. Special attention is paid to the role of spatial heterogeneity, which under certain conditions is capable of changing from being a developmental stimulant to becoming a destimulant. We argue that taking greater account of the intricate historical contexts responsible for the resistance of some pressing socio-economic problems is key to breaking the deadlock in the implementation of ineffective sustainability policies. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • University of Silesia in Katowice, Sosnowiec, Poland
  • University of Gothenburg, Sweden
  • Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
  • Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
  • Agier M., 2009: The ghetto, the hyperghetto and the fragmentation of the world. In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 33 (3), pp. 854-857.
  • Allen T. and Thomas A., 2000: Poverty and development into the 21st century, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Atkinson R., 2000: Combating social exclusion in Europe: the new urban policy. In: Urban Studies, Vol. 37 (5/6), p. 1037.
  • Bailey N. and Robertson D., 1997: Housing renewal, urban policy and gentrification. In: Urban Studies, Vol. 34 (4), pp. 561-578.
  • Barbieri P. and Cutuli G., 2015: Employment protection legislation, labour market dualism, and inequality in Europe. In: European Sociological Review. DOI:
  • Batty M., 2012: Urban regeneration as self-organisation. In: Architectural Design: Special Issue, Vol. 82(1), pp. 54-59.
  • Bauman Z., 2013: The individualized society. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Bennett W.L., 2012: The personalization of politics: political identity, social media, and changing patterns of participation. In: The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 644(1), pp. 20-39.
  • Bernt M., 2009: Partnerships for demolition: the governance of urban renewal in East Germany's shrinking cities. In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 33(3), pp. 754-769.
  • Bernt M., Coach C., Haase A., Cocks M., Grossman K., Cortese C. and Krzysztofik R. 2014: Why and how does(n't) urban shrinkage get onto the agenda? Experiences from Leipzig, Liverpool, Genoa and Bytom. In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 38(5), pp. 1749-1766. DOI:
  • Betancur J., 2011: Gentrification and community fabric in Chicago. In: Urban Studies, Vol. 48(2), pp. 383-406.
  • Borowski A., 2013: Cooperative and national agricultural farm as total institutions. In: International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 11, pp. 100-105.
  • Brady D., 2009: Rich democracies, poor people: how politics explain poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Briggs de Souza X. editor, 2005: The geography of opportunity: race and housing choice in metropolitan America. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.
  • Buck N., 2001: Identifying neighbourhood effects on social exclusion. In: Urban Studies, Vol. 38(12), pp. 2251-2275.
  • Buzzelli M. and Harris R., 2006: Cities as the industrial districts of housebuilding. In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 30(4), pp. 894-917.
  • Carter J. and Jones T., 1993: Social geography. An introduction to contemporary issues. New York, Melbourne, Auckland, London: Edward Arnold Publishing.
  • Celemin M., Palencia C. and Martinez A., 1998: Derelict land in the former Sabero-Cistierna coal basin (Spain). In: Sarsby R.W. editor, Contaminated and derelict land: The proceedings of GREEN 2: the second international symposium on Geotechnics Related to the Environment held in Krakow, Poland, September 1997, Reston: Thomas Telford Publishing, pp. 19-23.
  • Cassiers T. and Kesteloot C., 2012: Socio-spatial inequalities and social cohesion in European cities. In: Urban Studies, Vol. 49(9), pp. 1909-1924.
  • Chambers R., 1983: Rural development: Putting the last first. London: Longman.
  • Colby C.C., 1933: Centrifugal and centripetal forces in urban geography. In: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 23(1), pp. 1-20. DOI:
  • Couch C., 1990: Urban renewal theory and practice. London: Macmillan Education.
  • Daly M., 2010: Assessing the EU approach to combating poverty and social exclusion in the last decade. In: Europe 2020, pp. 143-161.
  • Darity W. and Goldsmith A.J., 1996: Social psychology, unemployment and macroeconomics. In: Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 10(1), pp. 121-140.
  • Dekker K. and Van Kempen R., 2008: places and participation: comparing resident participation in post WWII neighbourhoods in Northwest, Central and Southern Europe. In: Journal of Urban Affairs, Vol. 30(1), pp. 63-86.
  • Devincienti F. and Poggi A., 2011: Poverty and social exclusion: two sides of the same coin or dynamically interrelated processes? In: Applied Economics, Vol. 43(25), pp. 3549-3571.
  • Dębski M., Nowak A. and Popow M., 2010: Poland - a new reality, old problems. In: Social Watch, pp. 70-72.
  • DiGaetano A. and Lawless P., 1999: Urban governance and industrial decline - governing structures and policy agendas in Birmingham and Sheffield, England, and Detroit, Michigan, 1980-1997. In: Urban Affairs Review, Vol. 34, pp. 546-577.
  • Dymitrow M., 2013: Degraded towns in Poland as cultural heritage. In: International Journal of Heritage Studies, No. 19 (7), pp. 613-631. DOI:
  • Dymitrow M., 2014: The effigy of urbanity or a rural parody? A visual approach to small-town public space. In: Journal of Cultural Geography, Vol. 31(1), pp. 1-31. DOI:
  • Dymitrow M., Biegańska J. and Grzelak-Kostulska E., 2017: Deprivation and the rural-urban trap. In: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, DOI:
  • Dymitrow M. and Brauer R., 2014: Social deprivation and urbanity as the elephant in the room. In: Efe R., Onay T.T., Sharuho I. and Atasoy E. editors, Urban and urbanization, Sofia: Kliment Ohriolski University Press, pp. 381-395.
  • Dymitrow M. and Brauer R., 2016: Land or people? On the iatrogenesis of conflation. In: Acta Geobalcanica, Vol. 2. No. 2, pp. 63-75. DOI:
  • Feltynowski M., Senetra A., Biegańska J., Grzelak-Kostulska E., Dymitrow M. and Środa-Murawska S., 2015: Some problems of local development: the example of former State Agricultural Farms in Poland. In: Research for rural development 2015: annual 21th International Scientific Conference: proceedings, Vol. 2, Jelgava: Latvia University of Agriculture, pp. 237-243.
  • Frantal B., Kunc J., Novakova E., Klusaček P., Martinat S. and Osman R., 2013: Location matters exploring brownfields regeneration in a spatial context (a case study of the south Moravian region, Czech Republic). In: Moravian Geographical Reports, Vol. 21(2), pp. 5-19.
  • Frank J.W. and Mustard J.F., 1994: The determinants of health from a historical perspective. In: Daedalus, pp. 1-19.
  • Franz M., Pahlen G., Nathanail P., Okuniek N. and Koj A., 2006: Sustainable development and brownfield regeneration - What defines the quality of derelict land recycling? In: Environmental Sciences, Vol. 3(2), pp. 135-151.
  • Freeman L., 2009: Neighborhood diversity, metropolitan segregation and gentrification: What are the links in the US? In: Urban Studies, Vol. 46(10), pp. 2079-2101.
  • Gallie D., Kostova D. and Kuchar P., 2001: Social consequences of unemployment: an East-West Ccomparison. In: Journal of European Social Policy, Vol. 11(1), pp. 39-54.
  • Gobillon L., Selod H. and Zenou Y., 2007: The mechanisms of spatial mismatch. In: Urban Studies, Vol. 44(12), pp. 2401-2427.
  • Goodall B., 1987: Dictionary in human geography. London: Penguin Books.
  • Gospodini A., 2006: Portraying, classifying and understanding the emerging landscapes in the post-industrial city. In: Cities, Vol. 23(5), pp. 311-330.
  • Hall P., 1997: Modelling the post-industrial city. In: Futures, Vol. 29(4-5), pp. 311-322.
  • Havekes E., Coenders M. and Dekker K., 2014: Interethnic attitudes in urban neighbourhoods: The impact of neighbourhood disorder and decline. In: Urban Studies, Vol. 51(12), pp. 2665-2684.
  • Heffner K., 2011: Multifunctionality of rural areas in Poland - reality of myth? Evolution of rural areas spatial organisation. In: Studia KPZK PAN, Vol. 83, pp. 8-26.
  • Hermann C., 2015: The role of the public sector in combating inequality. In: Gallas A., Herr A., Hoffer F. and Scherrer C. editor, Combating Inequality: The Global North and South, Abingdon: Routledge, 243.
  • Holmertz G., 2012: Islamismen far allt större fäste I Hjällbo (Islamism gains increasingly greater foothold at Hjällbo - in Swedish). In: Göteborgs-Posten, No. 18(1), pp. 2-3.
  • Jarczewski W. editor, 2009: Rewitalizacja miast polskich (Revitalization of Polish cities - in Polish). Kraków: Instytut Rozwoju Miast, T. 4.
  • Kain J.F., 1968: Housing segregation, negro employment, and metropolitan decentralization. In: The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 82(2), pp. 175-197.
  • Kain J., 1992: The spatial mismatch hypothesis: three decades later. In: Housing Policy Debate, Vol. 3, pp. 371-460.
  • Karwacki A., 2002: The culture of poverty in the poststate farm community. In: Eastern European Countryside, No. 8, pp. 79-93.
  • Krzysztofik R., Dymitrow M., Kantor-Pietraga I., and Spórna T., 2016: The concept of urban hibernation. In: European Planning Studies, No. 24(2), pp. 316-343.
  • Koch M. and Panican A., 2016: Approaches, actors and models of vertical collaborative governance arrangements in combating poverty-five European cities compared. In: Halvorsen, R. and Hvinden, B. editors, Combating Poverty in Europe Active Inclusion in a Multi-Level and Multi-Actor Context, Cheltenham Glos, Northampton, Camberley: Edward Elgar Publishing Chapter 8, pp. 159-180.
  • Kosman M., 1974: Izbica Kujawska - przeszłość i teraźniejszość (Izbica Kujawska - the past and the present - in Polish). In: Rocznik Wielkopolski Wschodniej, T. 2, p. 47.
  • Kriesi H., 2004: Political context and opportunity. In: Snow S.A., Soule S.A. and Kriesi H. editors, The Blackwell companion to social movements, Malden: Blackwell Publishing, pp. 67-90.
  • Kronauer M., 1993: Unemployment in Western Europe. Individual and social consequences. In: International Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 23(3), pp. 3-12.
  • Krzysztofik R. and Dymitrow M. editors, 2015: Degraded and restituted towns in Poland. Origins, development, problems. Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg.
  • Krzysztofik R., Dymitrow M., Kantor-Pietraga I. and Spórna T., 2015: The concept of urban hibernation. In: European Planning Studies, Vol. 24(2), pp. 316--343. DOI:
  • Krzysztofik R., Kantor-Pietraga I. and Spórna T., 2012: A dynamic approach to the typology of functional derelict areas (Sosnowiec, Poland). In: Moravian Geographical Reports, Vol. 21(2), pp. 20-35.
  • Krzysztofik R., Runge J. and Kantor-Pietraga I., 2011: Governance of urban shrinkage: a tale of two Polish cities - Bytom and Sosnowiec. In: Churski P. editor, Contemporary Issues in Polish Geography, Poznań: Bogucki Scientific Publishing, pp. 201-224.
  • Lawson V., Jarosz L. and Bonds A., 2008: Building economies from the bottom up: (mis)representations of poverty in the rural American Northwest. In: Social & Cultural Geography, Vol. 9(7), pp. 737-53.
  • Lerman Z. and Schreinemachers P., 2005: Individual farming as a labour Sink: Evidence from Poland and Russia. In: Comparative Economic Studies, Vol. 47, pp. 675-695.
  • Ling C., Handley K. and Rodwell J., 2007: Restructuring the post-industrial landscape: A multifunctional approach. In: Landscape Research, Vol. 32(3), pp. 285-309.
  • Lorens P., 2005: Preliminary typology of degraded areas with metropolitan functions and potential. In: Biuletyn KPZK PAN, Vol. 223, pp. 57-74.
  • Mahoney J., 2000: Path dependence in historical sociology. In: Theory and Society, Vol. 29(4), pp. 507-548.
  • Martinez-Fernandez C., Wu Ch.-T., Schatz L.K., Nobuhisa T. and Vargas-Hernandez J.G., 2012: The shrinking mining city: Urban dynamics and contested territory. In: International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 36(2), pp. 245-260.
  • Maślanka J., 2008: Uwarunkowania dostępu do lokalnych rynków pracy mieszkańców obszarów wiejskich Kujaw (Determinants of the access to local labour market among rural inhabitants of Cuiavia region - in Polish). In: Heffner K. editor, Współczesne problemy rozwoju ośrodków lokalnych, Katowice: Akademia Ekonomiczna, pp. 71-85.
  • Mathijs E. and Noev N., 2004: Subsistence farming in Central and Eastern Europe: empirical evidence from Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania. In: Eastern European Economics, Vol. 42(6), pp. 72-89.
  • Mathijs E. and Swinnen J.F.M., 1998: The economics of agricultural decollectivization in East Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union. In: Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 47(1), pp. 1-26.
  • May J. and Thrift N. editors, 2003: Timespace: geographies of temporality. London: Routledge.
  • Miszewska B., 1999: Funkcje terenów poradzieckich we Wrocławiu (Functions of post-soviet areas in Wrocław - in Polish). In: Kaczmarek J. editor, XII Konwersatorium wiedzy o mieście, Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, pp. 115-125.
  • Mormont M., 1990: Who is rural? Or how to be rural: towards a sociology of the rural. In: Marsden T., Lowe P. and Whatmore S. editors, Rural Restructuring, London: David Fulton, pp. 21-44.
  • Munslow A., 2006. Deconstructing history. London and New York: Routledge.
  • Murie A. and Musterd S., 2004: Social exclusion and opportunity structures in European cities and neighbourhoods. In: Urban Studies, Vol. 41(8), pp. 1441--1459.
  • Pallagst K., Wiechmann T. and Martinez-Fernandez C. editors, 2013: Shrinking cities. International perspectives and policy implications. London: Routledge.
  • Pennington M., 2014: Realistic idealism and classical liberalism: evaluating free market fairness. In: Critical Review, Vol. 26(3-4), pp. 375-407.
  • Power A., 1997: Estates on the edge: The social consequences of mass housing in Europe. London: Macmillan.
  • Ramakrishnan K., 2014: Disrupted futures: Unpacking metaphors of marginalization in eviction and resettlement narratives. In: Antipode, Vol. 46(3), pp. 754-772.
  • Ratcliffe J. and Krawczyk E., 2011: Imagineering city futures: The use of prospective through scenarios in urban planning. In: Futures, Vol. 43(7), pp. 642-653.
  • Rink D., Haase A., Großmann K., Bernt M., Couch C., Cocks M., Violante A., Cortese C. and Calza Bini P., 2011: How shrinkage and local governance are interrelated across urban Europe: a comparative view. Available at: (DoA: 20.07.2016).
  • Rogatka K., 2011: Urban revival in the Polish specialist literature. In: Moravian Geographical Reports, Vol. 19(2), pp. 51-69.
  • Rogatka K., Biegańska J., Grzelak-Kostulska E., Cieślik E., Chodkowska-Miszczuk J. and Środa-Murawska S., 2015: Revitalization as a part of the EU cohesion policy. In: Klímová V. and Žítek V. editors, 18th International Colloquium on Regional Sciences: conference proceedings, Brno: Masarykova univerzita, pp. 293-299.
  • Saltsman M., 2013: The wrong way to reduce poverty. In: USA Today, 23 September 2013.
  • Sanandaji T., 2012: Poverty and causality. In: Critical Review, Vol. 24(1), pp. 51-59.
  • Saxonberg S., Sirovatka T. and Janouskova M., 2013: When do policies become path dependent? The Czech example. Journal of European Social Policy, Vol. 23(4), pp. 437-450.
  • Schnell I. and Harpaz M., 2005: A model of a heterogeneous neighborhood. In: GeoJournal, Vol. 64, pp. 105-115.
  • Scott A.J. editor, 2002: Global city-regions: trends, theory, policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Schierup C.U. and Alund A., 2011: The end of Swedish exceptionalism? Citizenship, neoliberalism and the politics of exclusion. In: Race & Class, Vol. 53(1), pp. 45-64.
  • Shubin S., 2007 Networked poverty in rural Russia. In: Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 59(4), pp. 591-620.
  • Stryjakiewicz T. editor, 2014: Urban shrinkage in Poland and Europe. Poznań: Bogucki Wydawnictwo Naukowe.
  • Swianiewicz P. and Klimska U., 2003: Kto rządzi gminą i jak? Lokalni liderzy polityczni w teorii i praktyce samorządów w Polsce (Who manages a commune and how. Political leaders in theory and practice of local governments in Poland - in Polish). In: Studia Regionalne i Lokalne, 4 (2003), pp. 15-40.
  • Swinnen J.F.M., 1999: The political economy of land reform choices in Central and Eastern Europe. In: Economics of Transition, Vol. 7, pp. 637-664. doi:
  • Syed J., 2008: A context-specific perspective of equal employment opportunity in Islamic societies. In: Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Vol. 25(1), pp. 135-151.
  • Syms P., 1994: The funding of developments on derelict and contaminated sites. In: Ball R. and Pratt A.C. editors, Industrial property: political and economic development, London: Routledge, pp. 63-82.
  • Taleb N.N., 2012: Antifragile: Things that gain from disorder. New York: Random House.
  • Tarkowska E., 2002: Poverty and education. Risk of "inheritance" of poverty in the former state farms in Poland. In: Polish Sociological Review, Vol. 2(138), pp. 203-215.
  • Thornton G., Franz M., Edwards D., Pahlen G. and Nathanail P., 2007: The challenge of sustainability: incentives for brownfield regeneration in Europe. In: Environmental Science & Policy, Vol. 10, pp. 116-134.
  • Tujdowski M., 2007: Krajobraz po bazach (Landscape after military bases - in Polish). In: Siedlisko, Vol. 4, pp. 5-14.
  • Walton M., 1990: Combating poverty: Experience and prospects. In: Finance and Development, Vol. 27(3), p. 2.
  • Ward M., 1999: Perceptions of poverty: The historical legacy. In: IDS bulletin, Vol. 30(2), pp. 23-32.
  • Wilkin J., 1997: Przekształcenia sektora państwowych gospodarstw rolnych w Polsce w opinii władz lokalnych i mieszkańców "osiedli pegeerowskich" (Transformation of the former State Agricultural Farms in Poland according to local authorithies and the local residents of Post-SAF Estates - in Polish). In: Korab K. editor, Ludzie i ziemia po upadku pegeerów. Analiza socjologiczna i ekonomiczna, Warszawa: SGGW Zakład Socjologii Wsi, PTS Sekcja Socjologii Wsi, pp. 44-75.
  • Woodward R., 1996: Deprivation and the rural: An investigation into contradictory discourses. In: Journal of Rural Studies, Vol. 12(1), pp. 55-67.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.