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2017 | nr 1 (60) | 8--17
Tytuł artykułu

Cradle to Cradle Approach in Development of Resource-Efficient Economy

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
In the article, cradle to cradle approach, as the desired direction of changes in the management of resources in production processes, is discussed. The study based on the analysis of literature, action programs, and case studies. Attention has been focused on the development of cradle to cradle approach around the world. The research aimed to raise awareness of the importance of resource management so that waste generation would be eliminated from the manufacturing processes. Residues of consumption and production should be re-integrated into biological or technological circulation. Cradle to cradle approach means a revolutionary change in the approach to the organization of following processes: products and services design, production and distribution. It also extends the scope of responsibility of manufacturers and users, but at the same time gives a chance to reduce the negative impact on the environment and to create new job opportunities. (author's abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • University of Lodz, Poland
  • Benyus J. (2003), Biomimicry, HarperCollins.
  • Boulding K.E. (1966), The Economics of the Coming Spaceship Earth, Environmental Quality in a Growing Economy: Essays from the Sixth RFF Forum . H. Jarrett. Baltimore, p. 3-14.
  • Braungart M., McDonough W. (2009), Cradle to cradle. Re-making the way we make things, London, p. 110.
  • COM(2008) 699 "The raw materials initiative - meeting our critical needs for growth and jobs in Europe". Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Tackling the challenges in commodity markets and on raw materials, European Commission, Brussels, 2.2.2011 COM(2011) 25 final.
  • Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, A resource-efficient Europe - Flagship initiative under the Europe 2020 Strategy, European Commission, Brussels, 26.1.2011, COM(2011) 21 final.
  • Communication from the Commission: Europe 2020: A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.
  • Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute resources/certification/policy/POL_TM_Surveillance_v1.0_012216_.pdf [20-10-2016].
  • Hawken P., Lovins A., Lovins L.H. (2008), Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution, BackBay.
  • Jędrczak A. (2007), Biologiczne przetwarzanie odpadów, Warszawa, p. 2.
  • Lifset R., Graedel T.E. (2001), Industrial Ecology: Goals and Definitions, in: R.U. Ayres, L. Ayres (eds), "Handbook for Industrial Ecology", Brookfield: Edward Elgar.
  • Rosik-Dulewska Cz. (2007), Podstawy gospodarki odpadami, Warszawa, p. 45.
  • Stahel W.R., Reday-Mulvey G. (1981), Jobs for Tomorrow: The Potential for Substituting Manpower for Energy, New York.
  • Towards a circular economy. Growth Within: a circular economy vision for a competitive Europe", Ellen MacArthur Foundation, SUN, McKinsey & Co., 2015.
  • Towards a circular economy: business rationale for an accelerated transition, Ellen MacArthur Foundation, TCE_Ellen-MacArthur-Foundation_9-Dec-2015.pdf [20-10-2016].
  • [30-10-2016].
  • [30-10-2016].
  • [03-10-2016].
  • [03-10-2016].
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