The Effect of the Dependency Relationship Between the Tudeh Party of Iran and the Soviet Union on the Contemporary Political Developments in Iran
Throughout the political history of Iran, after the World War II, the Tudeh Party has played a significant role as the mother of many other political parties in the last 75 years. This party has especially been the primary base for almost all parties with socialist and leftist tendencies. Without a doubt, the party's establishment was inspired by the 1917 October Revolution in Russia and under a major influence of the Russian Communist Party. The aim of this paper is to show some of the consequences of such relationship between two actors within the international relations. Although it is more than two and half decades after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the consequences of its influence are still felt in the Iranian political space. In this paper, it is unavoidable to highlight this influence in order to open different angles of the discussion. Furthermore, the paper aims to show a political reliance on a foreign power can easily come in conflict with the responsibilities of a popular movement within the national framework. It can be harmful, and it is something that can be avoided. (original abstract)
- Abrahamian E., 1982, Iran Between Two Revolutions, Princeton University Press, Princeton New Jersey.
- Albert M., 1974, What Is To Be Undone? A Modern Revolutionary Discussion of Classical Left Ideologies, Porter Sargent Publisher, Boston.
- Azimi F., 2004, Unseating Mosaddeq: The Configuration and Role of Domestic Forces, [in:] M.J. Gasiorowski, M. Byrne (eds.), Mohammad Mosaddeq and the 1953 Cou in Iran, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, 27-101.
- Behrooz M., 2004, The 1953 Coup in Iran and the Legacy of the Tudeh, [in:] M.J. Gasiorowski, M. Byrne (eds.), Mohammad Mosaddeq and the 1953 Cou in Iran, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, 102-125.
- Chaqueri C., 1999, Did the Soviets play a role in founding the Tudeh party in Iran? Cahiers du MONDE Russe, 40/3, 497-528.
- Kinzer S., 2003, All the Shah's Men: An American Coup and the Roots of Middle East Terror, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
- Momen M., 1985, An Introduction to Shi'i Islam, Yale University Press, New Haven, London.
- Mottahede R., 1985, The Mantle of the Prophet: Religion and Politics in Iran, One World, Oxford.
- Sylvan D., Majeski S., 2009, US Foreign Policy in Perspective: Clients, enemies and empire, Routledge, Milton Park, Abingdon.