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2017 | z. 110 | 201--216
Tytuł artykułu

Autonomous Military Robots - Critical Topography of Possible Reactions to Upcoming Technological Revolution

Warianty tytułu
Autonomiczne roboty bojowe : możliwe reakcje na nadchodzącą rewolucję techniczną
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Rozwój techniczny z ostatnich lat sprawia, że bardzo prawdopodobne stało się powstanie częściowo lub w pełni autonomicznych maszyn bojowych, które zmienią obraz pola bitwy w nadchodzącej dekadzie. W artykule zajęto się zakresem możliwych reakcji społeczności międzynarodowej na takie kierunki rozwoju. Omówiono trzy podejścia: próbę całkowitego zakazu, przyjęcie ścisłej kontroli (zastosowanie ścisłych regulacji w kwestii autonomicznych robotów bojowych przez obecne potęgi militarne wraz z przyjęciem polityki przeciwdziałania rozprzestrzenianiu, podobne do postępowania z bronią nuklearną) i podejście liberalistyczne, tj. niepodejmowanie żadnych wysiłków w celu ograniczenia rozprzestrzeniania robotów bojowych, zarówno przez armie czy inne organizacje, ze wszystkimi konsekwencjami takiego zaniechania. Dochodzimy do wniosku, że jakkolwiek wszystkie te rodzaje reakcji obarczone są znacznym ryzykiem, moralnie pożądane jest podejście łączące elementy całkowitego zakazu ze ścisłą kontrolą, chociaż tutaj osiągnięcie sukcesu wymagałoby podjęcia zaawansowanych, skutecznych wysiłków badawczych. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
Recent technological advances make the prospect of partially or fully autonomous combat machines remaking the battlefields of the next decade very likely. The paper explores the space of possible reactions to such developments by the international community. We discuss three such families of approaches - an attempt at a comprehensive global ban; strict control regime - employment and strict regulation of Autonomous Military Robots by present-day global military powers coupled with vigorous non-proliferation efforts aimed at other countries and entities, akin to the management of nuclear weapons dynamic; and the laissez faire approach, i.e., exerting no effort to thwart the global proliferation of combat robots, whether military-grade or home-made, with all the consequences of such inaction. We conclude that while all these modes of reaction are burdened with very significant risks, vigorous action combining the elements of the global ban and control regime approaches is morally obligatory yet requires large conceptual effort to be undertaken on its behalf to be sufficiently effective. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
201--216
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • University of Warsaw
  • University of Warsaw
Bibliografia
  • 1. Alston (2012) lston (2012) lston (2012) lston (2012) - Philip Alston, "Lethal Robotic Technologies: The Implications for Rights and International Humanitarian Law Information Scienc e, e, 21(2), pp. 35 21(2), pp. 35 -60 .
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171491772

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