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2017 | nr 4 | 651--674
Tytuł artykułu

Sharing Energy Resources of Eastern Mediterranean : Regional and Global Dynamics

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Dzielenie się zasobami energetycznymi wschodniego regionu basenu Morza Śródziemnego : dynamika regionalna i globalna
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Nowoodkryte źródła gazu ustanowiły polityczną i ekonomiczną podstawę do stworzenia regionalnego i globalnego aliansu we wschodnim regionie basenu Morza Śródziemnego. Mimo że owe odkrycia mają potencjał, aby wpływać na funkcjonowanie polityki i gospodarki, to bieżące oraz przeszłe kontrowersje i niestabilność polityczna, sposób dzielenia gazu naturalnego pomiędzy krajami, a także siła konkurencyjna krajów na rynku gazu naturalnego uniemożliwiają produkcję gazu naturalnego oraz badania we wschodniej zatoce Morza Śródziemnego. Z drugiej strony, wskutek poszukiwania gazu w ubiegłej dekadzie, można oczekiwać, że w bliskiej przyszłości istnieć będzie o wiele więcej regionalnych i globalnych graczy we wschodnim regionie basenu Morza Śródziemnego. Badania, rozwój i tempo eksportu rezerw gazu, każda pojedyncza decyzja, która ma być podjęta przez kraje we wschodnim regionie basenu Morza Śródziemnego, będą dynamicznie ważonymi decyzjami narodowych polityk energetycznych oraz polityk regionalnych. Z tego powodu, w niniejszym badaniu skupiono się na wiodących graczach energetycznych we wschodnim regionie basenu Morza Śródziemnego, a także na celach globalnych potęg w odniesieniu do zasobów energetycznych dostępnych w analizowanym obszarze. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
The newly discovered gas sources establish a political and economic ground for the formation of regional and global alliances in the Eastern Mediterranean. Although these new discoveries have the potential to alter the functioning of politics and the economy, current and past controversies, political instability, how natural gas will be shared between countries, and competition power of countries in natural gas market prevent natural gas production and exploration at the Eastern Mediterranean bay. On the other hand, in consequence of gas explorations that in the last decade, it is expected that in the near future there will be much more regional and global playmakers in the Eastern Mediterranean. Research, development and export speed of the gas reservoirs, each and every decision to be taken by the countries in the Eastern Mediterranean, will be the dynamic weighted decisions of the national energy politics and regional politics. That's why, in this study, the lead energy players in the Eastern Mediterranean and their disagreements are investigated and, the goals and targets of the global powers on the energy resources available in the Eastern Mediterranean are analysed. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
651--674
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
autor
  • Izmir Katip Celebi University
autor
  • Izmir Katip Celebi University
Bibliografia
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  • Cohen, H. (2016). EU Looks to Eastern Mediterranean for Gas. Globes. Available at: http://www.globes.co.il/en/article-eu-looks-to-eastern-mediterranean-for-gas-1001120367. Accessed 4 June 2016.
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  • De Micco, P. (2015). In Depth Analysis Report: The Prospect of Eastern Mediterranean Gas Production: an Alternative Energy Supplier For the EU? European Parliament: Directorate General for External Policies. Policy Department. Available at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/briefing_note/join/ 2014/522339/EXPO-AFET_SP 2014 522339_EN.pdf. Accessed 30 April 2015.
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  • Di Faria, P. (2016). Eastern Mediterranean Energy Deals: Can They Change the Regional Picture. Available at: https://www.aspeninstitute.it/aspenia-online/article/eastern-mediterranean-energy-deals-can-they-changeregional- picture. Accessed 2 January 2016.
  • El Katiri, L.; Fattouh, B. (2014). The East Mediterranean: The Middle East's Last Hydrocarbon Frontier. In: Andoura, S.; Karanyi, D. (eds.). Joint Report by the Egmont Institute and the Atlantic Council: Energy in the Mediterranean: Promise and Peril?: 9-15. Available at: http://www.egmontinstitute.be/content/uploads/ 2014/05/ep65.pdf?type=pdf. Accessed 30 May 2014.
  • Ellinas, C.; Roberts, J.; Tzimitras, H. (2016). Report of Atlantic Council Global Energy Center and DINU Patriciu Euroasia Center: Hydrocarbon Developments in the Eastern Mediterranean The Case for Pragmatism. Available at: http://www.css.ethz.ch/content/dam/ethz/special-interest/gess/cis/center-for-securities-studies/ resources/docs/Atlantic Council-Hydrocarbon Developments in the Eastern_ Mediterranean.pdf. Accessed 24 November 2017.
  • Emam, A. (2016). Natural Gas Finds May Alter Mediterranean Geopolitics. The Arab Weekly 38: 18. Available at: http://www.thearabweekly.com/Economy/3278/Natural-gas-finds-may-alter-Mediterranean-geopolitics. Accessed 10 January 2016.
  • Gunay, B. (2015). Will Eastern Mediterranean Natural Gas Be Able to Resolve the Cyprus Issue? Available at: http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/will-eastern-mediterranean-natural-gas-be-able-to-resolve-the-cyprusissue- 86746. Accessed 11 August 2015.
  • Holland, A. (2015). Report of American Security Project: Energy and Geopolitics in the Eastern Mediterranean. Available at: https://www.americansecurityproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Ref-0194-Energy-and- Geopolitics-in-the-Eastern-Mediterannean.pdf. Accessed 30 July 2015.
  • Jin, W. (2016). Turkey's Natural Gas War. Available at: http://www.china.org.cn/opinion/2016- 04/24/content_38304102.htm. Accessed 24 April 2016.
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  • European Council on Foreign Relations (2015). Europe's Alternatives to Russian Gas. Available at: http://www.ecfr.eu/article/commentary_europes_alternatives_to_russian_gas311666. Accessed 9 April 2015.
  • Johnson, K.-R.; Alex-Zemenides, E. (2015). Natural Gas in the Eastern Mediterranean: The Coal and Steel of the 21.Century. The Chicago Council on Global Affairs, Available at: https://www.thechicagocouncil.org/sites/default/files/EL 2015 EnergyReport_v6.pdf, Accessed at June 30, 2015.
  • Johnson, K. 2015. Report: China's Meltdown Spells even More Peril for Petro-States. Foreign Policy. Available at: http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/08/25/chinas-meltdown-spells-even-more-peril-for-petro-states-opec-russiavenezuela- iran/. Accesses 25 August 2015.
  • Karagiannis, E. (2016). Shifting Eastern Mediterranean Alliances. The Middle East Quarterly 23 (March): 1-11, Available at: http://www.meforum.org/meq/pdfs/5877.pdf. Accesses 30 March 2016.
  • Karbuz, S. (2014). How the Frame and Develop the Necessary Cross-Border Energy Infrastructure Between Cyprus, Turkey and Israel? In: Andoura, S.; Karanyi, D. (eds.). Joint Report by the Egmont Institute and the Atlantic Council: Energy in the Mediterranean: Promise and Peril?: 29-39. Available at: http://www.egmontinstitute. be/content/uploads/2014/05/ep65.pdf?type=pdf. Accessed 30 May 2014.
  • Le Bon, S. (2015). Turkey: A Future Energy Hub? Middle East News Service. Available at: https://middleeastnewsservice.com/2015/01/20/turkey-a-future-energy-hub/. Accessed 20 January 2015.
  • Lidegaard, M.; Bildt, C. (2014). How Ukraine Should Change EU Energy Policy. Politica. Available at: https://www.politico.eu/article/how-ukraine-should-change-eu-energy-policy/. Accessed 17 March 2014.
  • Ministry of National Infrastructure of Israel, Energy and Water Resources (2015). The Natural gas Sector in Israel. Available at: http://energy.gov.il/English/Subjects/Natural Gas/Pages/GxmsMniNGEconomy.aspx. Accessed 10 December 2015.
  • Mirinova, I. (2015). Russia Could be the Biggest Casualty of Falling Oil Prices. Russia Direct. Available at: http://www.russia-direct.org/opinion/russia-could-be-biggest-casualty-falling-oil-prices. Accessed 25 August 2015.
  • Mironova, I.; Roh, M. (2016). What US Energy Exports to Europe Mean for Russia. Russia Direct. Available at: http://www.russia-direct.org/analysis/what-us-energy-exports-europe-mean-russia. Accessed 10 March 2016.
  • Nakhle, C. (2016). Politics, Economics Still Stifle Eastern Medirranean Gas. Available at: http://www.crystolenergy.com/politics-economics-still-stifle-eastern-mediterranean-gas/. Accessed 10 March 2016.
  • Nir, A. (2016). Why Israel needs Turkey now more than ever. Al-Monitor. Available at: https://www.almonitor. com/pulse/originals/2016/01/israel-turkey-reconciliation-agreement-netanyahu-erdogan.html. Accessed 28 January 2016.
  • Ozer, S. (2013). Energy Safety and Wars in Eastern Mediterranean (Dogu Akdeniz'de Enerji Guvenligi ve Enerji Savaslari - In Turkish). Middle Eastern Analysis (Ortadogu Analiz) 5 (60): 68-79.
  • Roberts, J. (2014). The Eastern Mediterranean Energy Conundrum: Options and Challenges. In: Andoura, S.; Karanyi, D. (eds.). Joint Report by the Egmont Institute and the Atlantic Council: Energy in the Mediterranean: Promise and Peril?: 15-29. Available at: http://www.egmontinstitute.be/content/uploads/2014/ 05/ep65.pdf?type=pdf. Accessed 30 May 2014.
  • Ronen, G. (2016). Gas Finds May Lead to Israeli Alliance with Egypt, Greece. Israel National News. Available at: https://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/206251. Accessed 13 January 2016.
  • Sachs, Nathan-Boersma, T. (2015). The Energy Island: Israel Deals with Its Natural Gas Discoveries. Foreign Policy at Brookings 35 (February): 1-25. Available at: https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/ Energy-Island-web.pdf. Accessed 28 February 2015.
  • Scimia, E. (2015). ENI's Gas Discovery in Egypt Puts Pressure on Italian-Russian Energy Ties. Eurasia Daily Monitor 12 (166). Available at: https://jamestown.org/program/enis-gas-discovery-in-egypt-puts-pressure-on-italianrussian- energy-ties/. Accessed 16 September 2015.
  • Sussex, M. (2012). Strategy, Security and Russian Resource Diplomacy. In: Freire, M.R.; Kanet, R.E. (eds.). Russia and Its Near Neighbors: 203-222. Palgrave MacMillian.
  • Tagliapietra, S.; Zachman, G. (2015). Egypt Holds The Key To The Eastern Mediterranean's Gas Future. Forbes. Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/realspin/2015/11/29/egypt-holds-the-key-to-the-easternmediterraneans- gas-future/
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171496370

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