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2017 | nr 47 Modelowanie danych panelowych : teoria i praktyka : VI Krajowa Konferencja | 43--64
Tytuł artykułu

The Role of Openness in Regional Economic Growth. The Case of Polish and Spanish NUTS-2 Regions

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Przy wykorzystaniu metod estymacji modeli panelowych w artykule szacujemy empiryczny model wzrostu polskich i hiszpańskich regionów poziomu NUTS-2, dwóch europejskich gospodarek o zbliżonej wielkości, niskim początkowym poziomie rozwoju, a jednocześnie głównych beneficjentów funduszy strukturalnych UE. Analizę przeprowadzono dla 16 województw Polski i 19 prowincji i wspólnot autonomicznych poziomu NUTS-2 Hiszpanii w latach 2000-2014. W połączonej grupie regionów obserwujemy wyraźną beta-konwergencję rozwojową i sigma-konwergencję, podczas gdy analizy w obrębie krajów wskazują na dywergencję rozwojową. Szczególnym celem artykułu jest zbadanie wpływu szeroko definiowanej otwartości na proces rozwoju regionalnego. Wstępna analiza przyczynowości między kluczowymi zmiennymi wskazuje na występowanie zależności dwukierunkowej. W kolejnym kroku szacujemy dynamiczny model panelowy za pomocą dwustopniowego estymatora uogólnionej metody momentów ze względu na niestacjonarny charakter kluczowych zmiennych. W procesie estymacji uwzględniamy potencjalne interakcje otwartości z regionalnymi zasobami kapitału ludzkiego oraz innymi ważnymi determinantami postulowanymi przez modele teoretyczne. Uzyskane wyniki są zgodne z podstawowymi postulatami teoretycznymi. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
With the use panel data techniques, we estimate an empirical growth model for Polish and Spanish NUTS-2 regions - two similar-in-size European economies with the inferior initial level of development and at the same time major recipients of EU structural funds. The analysis is carried out for 16 Polish voivodeships and 19 NUTS-2 level municipalities, provinces and autonomous communities observed over the period 2000-2014. Within the joined group of regions, we observe a clear beta-absolute and sigma-convergence. Within countries, the evidence points to divergence. The level of regional sigma convergence is similar. Of particular interest to us is the assessment of the role of broadly defined economic openness in the process of regional economic growth. The initial analysis points to the bidirectional relationship. We then estimate a dynamic panel data model with the use of GMM due to non-stationary nature of the key variables. We control for potential interactions of openness with regional human capital endowments as well as other major determinants postulated by theoretical models. The obtained results are in line with theoretical predictions(original abstract)
Twórcy
  • University of Gdansk, Poland
Bibliografia
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Bibliografia
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