Aristotelian Analysis of Parvin E'tesami's Poems: "The Reliever", "Two Courts" and "Words and Deeds"
The present paper aims at proving that Parvin E'tesami has been, consciously or unconsciously, under the profound influence of both ancient Persian and Western literatures in composing her poems. The overseas effect is mainly due to her translations of Western works and her intimate familiarity with Western literature. So far research into Parvin's treatment of Aristotle, as founder of Western literary theories, has not yielded a promising result. The present researcher attempts to answer the question whether or not Aristotelian elements of anagnorisis and peripeteia play any roles in Parvin's poems, and if so, how she uses them in some of her poems. The findings of this research show that, in the three selected poems, namely "The Reliever," "Two Courts," and "Words and Deeds," Parvin has used the third type of anagnorisis and peripeteia, in which they happen concurrently, rather than the other two types, in which anagnorisis and peripeteia either precede or succeed each other. Parvin has not used these two Aristotelian concepts accidently. The use of the concurrent type becomes more significant if we know that it is the best type of Aristotelian usages of these two terms, an application which rightly and effectively paves the way for internal and external changes of the central character in the poems. (original abstract)
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