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2018 | 21 | nr 1 | 25--43
Tytuł artykułu

Competitiveness of the Baltic States in International High-Technology Goods Trade

Warianty tytułu
Konkurencyjność krajów bałtyckich w międzynarodowym handlu towarami high-tech
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Celem artykułu jest ocena poziomu międzynarodowej konkurencyjności krajów bałtyckich (Estonii, Łotwy, Litwy) w handlu towarami o wysokim stopniu zaawansowania technologicznego. W tym celu zastosowano metodę analizy ujawnionych przewag komparatywnych B. Balassy. Z dokonanej pogłębionej analizy kształtowania się ujawnionych przewag komparatywnych (RCA) w eksporcie poszczególnych krajów bałtyckich w latach 1997-2014, wynika, iż charakteryzuje je stosunkowo niski poziom międzynarodowej konkurencyjności w tym zakresie, czego bezpośrednią konsekwencją jest rosnący ujemny bilans handlowy w handlu towarami high-tech. Dowiedziono, iż w analizowanym okresie Litwa nie posiadała żadnych przewag komparatywnych w handlu towarami z grupy towarów high-tech, zaś liczba tych przewag w odniesieniu do Estonii oraz Łotwy była stosunkowo niewielka. Niemniej jednak spośród trzech krajów bałtyckich najwyższą konkurencyjnością w tym zakresie charakteryzuje się Estonia, aczkolwiek w przypadku Łotwy widoczny jest progres w tym zakresie w ostatnich latach. Swoistym outsiderem zaś jest Litwa, która nie dość, iż charakteryzuje się najniższymi wartościami wskaźnika RCA, to dodatkowo w analizowanym okresie nie odnotowała żadnej poprawy w tym zakresie. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
The aim of the article is to assess the international competitiveness of the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania) in high-technology goods trade. To this end, Balassa's method of analysing revealed comparative advantages (RCA) was applied. An in-depth analysis of the dynamics of RCAs in the Baltic States' exports between 1997 and 2014 has shown that their international competitiveness in this regard is relatively low, the direct consequence of which is the growing negative trade balance in high-technology goods. Also, during the analysed period Lithuania possessed no RCAs in trading high-technology goods, while the number of advantages for Estonia and Latvia was relatively small. Still, among the three Baltic States, Estonia was found to be most competitive in this regard, although in Latvia some progress was observed. In contrast, Lithuania not only had the lowest values of RCA, but also it did not record any improvement in the analysed period. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Tom
21
Numer
Strony
25--43
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Warsaw School of Economics, Poland
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171504997

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