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2017 | nr 4 | 27--48
Tytuł artykułu

Dyrektywy prezydenckie Donalda Trumpa

Warianty tytułu
Donald Trump's Presidential Directives
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
Powyższy przegląd z oczywistych względów nie obejmuje wszystkich aktów prezydenckich, jakie Donald Trump wydał w czasie pierwszych 11 miesięcy swojej prezydentury. Mimo to wydaje się oczywiste, że dokumenty wydawane przez obecnego prezydenta nie wskazują na chęć "rządzenia dekretami", przed czym przestrzegali jego przeciwnicy. Prezydent Trump nie narusza struktury procesu politycznego, korzysta ze swych uprawnień w sposób umiarkowany i w żadnym momencie nie przekracza granic nakreślonych przez Konstytucję, nawet jeśli podejmuje decyzje inne niż jego poprzednicy. Nie próbuje zastąpić Kongresu i nie wetuje ustaw. Innymi słowy, oceniając pod tym kątem prezydenturę Donalda Trumpa po jedenastu miesiącach, stwierdzić należy, że sprawuje on swój urząd w sposób zbliżony do poprzednich prezydentów, jeśli nie wręcz identyczny. (fragment tekstu)
EN
When Donald Tramp became president, many voiced concern that rather than working with Congress, he would use the power of presidential actions, as he himself seemed to indicate. Yet in the first eleven months of his presidency, Trump s use of presidential directives remained quite restricted. He used them sparingly and within numerical limits set by his predecessors. Analyses presented in the article clearly confirm this, both in general terms and in Trump's use of specific categories of presidential actions, from the most significant executive orders to relatively unimportant presidential sequestration orders. From this perspective, Donald Trump is simply another U.S. chief executive, working through Congress whenever possible and resorting to unilateral decisions only when absolutely necessary. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
27--48
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego
Bibliografia
  • Tłumaczenie Konstytucji USA za: http://libr.sejm.gov.pl/tekOl/txt/konst/usa.html.
  • Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate, Duff Green, Washington 1828, t. III, s. 132.
  • United States v. Pink, https://supreme.justia.eom/cases/federal/us/315/203/case.html.
  • N. Devins, L. Fisher, The Democratic Constitution, Oxford University Press, 2015, s. 8.
  • G.S. Krutz, J.S. Peake, Treaty Politics and the Rise of Executive Agreements, The University of Michigan Press, 2009, s. 42.
  • U.S. Department of State, 2016 Treaties and Agreements, www.state.gov/s/l/treaty/tias/2016/.
  • Presidential Directives: Background and Overview, updated February- 10, 2003, Report for Congress received through the CRS Web, www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/CTs/crs-98-611.pdf.
  • The Commanding General of the Army of the United States, www.presidency.ucsb.edLi/vvs/ index.php?pid=69748.
  • Executive Order-Authorizing General Winfield Scott to Suspend the Writ of Habeas Corpus, wwav.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=69791.
  • Executive Orders: Washington-Trump, "The American Presidency Project", www.presidency.ucsb.edu/data/orders.php
  • Minimizing the Economic Burden of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Pending Repeal, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-01-24/pdf/2017-01799.pdf.
  • www.majorityleader.gov/2017/07/27/making-america-secure
  • Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-01-30/pdf/2017-02095.pdf
  • Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-01-30/pdf/2017-02102.pdf.
  • Order Granting Motion for Temporary Restraining Order, http://i2.cdn.tiirner.com/ cnn/2017/images/l 0/17/watson.pdf.
  • Buy American and Hire American, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-04-2l/pdf/2017-08311.pdf.
  • Z. Lewicki, Symbioza czy "mur separacji": Państwo a religia w Stanach Zjednoczonych, w: W. Gizicki (red.), Religia w polityce światowej: dylematy narodowe i międzynarodowe. Instytut Sądecko-Lubelski, 2013, s. 158-160.
  • Promoting Free Speech and Religions Liberty, www.federalregister.gov/documents/201 II 05/09/2017-09574/promoting-free-speech-and-religious-liberty.
  • Jerusalem Embassy Act of 1995, www.congress.gov/104/plaws/publ45/PLAW-104 publ45.pdf.
  • Suspension of Limitations under the Jerusalem Embassy Act, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-06-21 /pdf/2017-13115 .pdf.
  • Recent Government-Wide Hiring Freezes Prove Ineffective in Managing Federal Employment, www.gao.gov/assets/140/137055.pdf.
  • B. Reinhard, R. Ballhaus, Impact of Federal Hiring Freeze Seen at Veterans Affairs, Prisons, Social Security, "The Wall Street Journal", 9 kwietnia 2017 r., www.wsj.com.
  • The Mexico City Policy, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-20l7-01-25/pdf/2017-01843.pdf.
  • Protecting Life in Global Health Assistance, www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2017/05/270866.htm.
  • Background Briefing: Senior Administration Officials on Protecting Life in Global Health Assistance, www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2017/05/270879.htm.
  • Declaring American Economic Independence, https://assets.donaldjtrump.com/DJT DeclaringAmericanEconomicIndependence.pdf.
  • Addressing China's Laws, Policies, Practices, and Actions Related to Intellectual Property, Innovation, and Technology', www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-08-17/pdf/ 2017-17528.pdf.
  • Construction of American Pipelines, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-01-30/pdf/2017-02031.pdf.
  • Temporary Certification for Certain Records Related to the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-10-31/pdfy2017-23795.pdf.
  • JFK Assassination Records - 2017 Additional Documents Release, www.archives.gov/research/jfk/2017-release.
  • 'Trump Talks Too Much': Iran Shrugs Off Oil Boycott Threat, "Telesur", 25 listopada 2017 r., www.telesurtv.net
  • www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/11/16presidential-memorandum-secretary-state-secretaiy-treasuiy-and-secretary.
  • Regarding the Proposed Acquisition of Lattice Semiconductor Corporation by China Venture Capital Fund Corporation Limited, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-09-18/ pdf/2017-20005.pdf.
  • Statement on the President's Decision Regarding Lattice Semiconductor Corporation, www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/sm0157.aspx.
  • Continuation of the National Emergency with Respect to the Actions and Policies of Certain Members of the Government of Belarus and Other Persons to Undermine Democratic Processes or Institutions of Belarus, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-06-15/pdf/2017-12618.pdf.
  • Blocking Property of Certain Persons Undermining Democratic Processes or Institutions in Belarus, www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Documents/13405.pdf.
  • Sequestration Order for Fiscal Year 2018 Pursuant to Section 251A of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act, as Amended, www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2017-05-26/pdf/2017-11076.pdf.
  • R. Chesney, NSPM-7: 'Integration, Sharing, and Use of National Security Thre at Actor Information to Protect Americans", "Lawfare", 11 października 2017 r. www.lawfareblog.com.
  • www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/10/05/nationai-secunty-presidential-memorandum.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171505437

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