Space-time Variation of Accessibility to Jobs by Public Transport - a Case Study of Szczecin
The article includes an analysis of spatial and temporal possibilities of commuting to work by collective transport during the morning rush hours in Szczecin. This article focuses on transport accessibility by collective transport in Szczecin measured with the use of Geographic Information System (GIS) tools and General Transit Feed Specification (GTFS) format for exchanging public transportation schedule and geographic information. A public transport model includes journey sources who are people of working age and destinations which are different workplaces in Szczecin. The main objective of the article to determine places of the highest accessibility by collective transport within 1-minute period of time. The accessibility analysis for jobs and companies is made in Szczecin, as Szczecin's public transport operator has published the GTFS format as the first in Poland. In addition, Szczecin has a very specific urban layout, separated by a river and connected by one (main communication artery) and the other smaller bridge for crossings between Lewobrzeżem and Prawobrzeżem. The analysis is to show the exact hour during which the largest number of citizens has the possibility to commute to the highest possible workplaces. The result shall depict interdependence between various components (space usage, time, individual), transport accessibility and a choice of a place having the best possible accessibility during the morning rush hours (Geurs & Ritseman van Eck 2001). The results are to be presented with the use of the cumulative accessibility and graphs.(original abstract)
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