Current Trends in Vocational Training of Nurses and Health Needs of the Society
Introduction:Current time perception becomes a metaphor of remarkable challenges and possibilities available for nursing and for academic institutions responsible for preparing next generations of nurses. Methodology: Trends in vocational training of nurses will be presented on the basis of thematic review of the literature which allows indication of transformation directions in training nurses around the world as well as in Polish nursing. It will also enable comparison of these changes with the health needs of Polish people - both current and forecasted. Results: In review, what draws attention is detailed and quite extensive analysis of usefulness of nurses training method in the conditions of high-fidelity simulation and accompanying conclusions that indicate its effectiveness in creating skills and knowledge of nursing students. At the same time, only a few studies show that this method forecasts safer care provided by the same students in clinic conditions. In providing cultural safety in the process of globalization, the meaning of national minorities is emphasized and the transcultural training is expected from nursing. Conclusions: Summing up, directions of changes in nursing training are based on indicators built on socio-demographic and psychosocial processes related both to single persons and whole communities. However, in nursing in Poland, the same process is related usually to biomedical indicators.(original abstract)
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