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2018 | 11 | nr 1 | 205--217
Tytuł artykułu

Returned Migrants and Remittances Alleviating Poverty: Evidence from Malang, East Java

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This paper examines the sustainability of returning international migrants, who remain at home country, moving out from poverty. This study uses cross-sectional primary data as of September and October 2015 on 840 households of the returned migrants which is around 10% of the overall migrant stock in the Malang district, East Java as of 2014/2015; and also 840 current migrants, which is again around 10% of the current migrant stock as a control group. Although we have found that remittances reduce the probability of households living in poverty, this study concludes that returning migrants will not be better off for very long, and will almost certainly return to poverty after some time. The major limitation of this paper is that it focuses only on the financial capital's contribution to the welfare of the returning migrants, not incorporating also such factors as human capital, business skills, or attitude that migrants get from staying overseas. The study suggests the government should provide guidance to migrant households on how to use their gained income in a more sustainable and productive way, thus making the best of the financial capital available to them.(original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
PL
EN
Rocznik
Tom
11
Numer
Strony
205--217
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Brawijaya University, Malang, Indonesia
  • University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia
Bibliografia
  • Acosta, P., Calderon, C., Fajnzylber, P., Lopez, H. (2008). What is the Impact of International Remittances on Poverty and Inequality in Latin America? World Development, 36(1), 89-114.
  • Adams, Jr. R. H., Cuecuecha, A., Page, J. (2008). Remittances, Consumption and Investment in Ghana. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series.
  • Adams, Jr. R. H., Cuecuecha, A. (2010). The Economic Impact of International Remittances on Poverty and Household Consumption and Investment in Indonesia. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series.
  • Adams, R. H., Cuecuecha, A. (2010). Remittances, Household Expenditure and Investment in Guatemala. World Development, 38(11), 1626-1641.
  • Adams, R. H., Page, J. (2005). Do International Migration and Remittances Reduce Poverty in Developing Countries? World Development, 33(10), 1645-1669.
  • Bachtiar, P. P (2011). Migration Outflow and Remittance Patterns in Indonesia: National as well as Subnational Perspectives. Philippine Journal of Development, 38(1-2), 27-54.
  • BNP2TKI (2018). Data Penempatan dan Perlindungan TKI Periode Bulan Desember Tahun 2017. Badan nasional Penempatan dan Perlindungan tenaga Kerja Indonesia. Jakarta. Indonesia.
  • BPS (2017). Statistik Mobilitas Penduduk dan Tenaga Kerja. Badan Pusat Statistik. Jakarta. Indonesia.
  • Grigorian, D. A., Melkonyan, T. A. (2011). Destined to receive: The Impact of Remittances on Household Decisions in Armenia. Review of development economics, 15(1), 139-153.
  • Hugo, G. (1995). International Labor Migration and the Family: Some Observations from Indonesia. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, 4(2-3), 273-301.
  • Hugo, G. (2002). Effects of International Migration on the Family in Indonesia. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, 11(1), 13-46.
  • León-Ledesma, M., Piracha, M. (2001). International Migration and the Role of Remittances in Eastern Europe. University of Kent, Department of Economics. Discussion Paper 01, 13.
  • Nguyen, T., Purnamasari, R. (2011). Impacts of International Migration and Remittances on Child Outcomes and Labor Supply in Indonesia: How does Gender Matter? World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series.
  • Parinduri, R. A., Thangavelu, S. M. (2011). Impact of Remittances on Human Capital Development of Children in Indonesian Household.
  • Raharto, A. (2011). The Migratory Experience of Returned Migrant Domestic Workers: The Example of Indonesia. In: Paper on Workshop on Strengthening Dialogue between ESCWA and ESCAP Countries on International Migration and Development.
  • Schiopu, I., Siegfried, N. (2006). Determinants of workers' remittances. Evidence from the European neighbouring region', European Central Bank Discussion Paper No. 688.
  • SMERU (2015). Return Migration and the Importance of Reintegration Policies. Policy Brief. No. 3/2015
  • Syafitri, W., Knerr, B. (2012). Migration in East Java, Indonesia: Implications for Family Welfare and Rural Development. International Labor Migration International Labor Migration, 92.
  • Veall, M. R., Zimmermann, K. F. (1996). Pseudo - R2 Measures For Some Common Limited Dependent Variable Models. Journal of Economic surveys, 10(3), 241-259.
  • Yang, D., Martínez, A. (2005). Remittances and Poverty in Migrants' Home Areas: Evidence from the Philippines.
  • Yen, K. C., Platt, M., Yeoh, B. S., Mila, S., Arlini, G. B., Sugiyarto, E. (2014). Gendered Migration Patterns, Processes and Outcomes: Results from a Household Survey in Ponorogo, Indonesia.
  • Wahba, J. (2015). Who Benefits from Return Migration to Developing Countries? IZA World of Labor 2015, 123 (doi: 10.15185/izawol.123), pp. 1 - 1o.
  • World Bank Group (2015). World Bank Publications.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171508166

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