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15 (2017) | nr 1 | 109--125
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Supporting Active Ageing : Challenges and Opportunities for Information and Communication Technology

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Contemporary demographic changes associated with population ageing involve a number of consequences for the economy and society, such as a significant increase in spending on pensions, health and social care. To counteract the effects of an ageing population, a policy of active and healthy ageing is proposed. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can mitigate the effects of ageing and help transforming the demographic crisis into an opportunity for the whole society. In this paper we assess current activities on active ageing in European countries and we present possibilities for use of ICT to support this policy. In particular, using indicators of Active Ageing Index (AAI) and Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), we investigate the relationship between the level of active ageing and the level of development of the digital economy and society. Using statistical agglomeration methods, we also categorize European Union countries into groups with respect to various domains of AAI index. The main findings illustrate that countries from Northern Europe comprise the group of EU states revealing the best values of AAI index. Nevertheless, the results also demonstrate that all European countries need to improve their approaches to active ageing. The findings also suggest that development of such areas of digital economy and society as broadband infrastructure, digitization of businesses and public services, and people's ICT skills should better foster active ageing. The need for new products and services for this lifestyle may create economic growth called Silver Economy, whose critical components are innovation and ICT. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
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