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2017 | nr 62 Nowe aspekty współczesnych problemów społecznych | 47--62
Tytuł artykułu

Social Construction of Drug Policies and Target Populations : U.S. Policy and Media Discourse

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Warianty tytułu
Społeczne konstruowanie polityk antynarkotykowych oraz ich docelowych populacji. Amerykańska polityka i dyskurs medialny
Języki publikacji
W artykule omawiamy historyczne zmiany w dyskursie dotyczącym amerykańskiej polityki antynarkotykowej, instytucjonalnego rasizmu oraz to, jak konstruowane są społecznie w dyskursie medialnym docelowe populacje. Naszą intencją nie jest ukazanie związku przyczynowo-skutkowego; wykorzystujemy perspektywę społecznego konstruktywizmu w zakresie produkcji znaczeń i "formułowania prawd" w celu zbadania związków między przekazem mediów informacyjnych a polityką antynarkotykową. Na początku omówione zostały problemy: masowego więziennictwa, wojny narkotykowej (war on drugs) i instytucjonalnego rasizmu. W dalszej części prezentujemy fragment aktualnych badań z obszaru socjologii i kryminologii dotyczących polityki antynarkotykowej, kwestii rasowych i dyskursu medialnego. Następnie skupiamy się na najbardziej aktualnych i widocznych formach polityki antynarkotykowej i dyskursu medialnego - dyskursu wokół używania marihuany, z uwzględnieniem najbardziej aktualnych trendów w jego obrębie. W konkluzji wskazujemy na możliwe kierunki badań dotyczących polityki antynarkotykowej i dyskursu medialnego, które mogłyby wypełnić istniejącą w tym obszarze lukę oraz pomóc w zrozumieniu dyskursu odnoszącego się do problematyki narkotykowej oraz sposobu społecznej konstrukcji adresatów wspomnianych polityk.(abstrakt oryginalny)
In this review, we discuss the historical changes in U.S. drug policy discourse, institutional racism, and the social construction of target populations in media discourse. We do not intend to show a cause-effect relationship; instead, we use a social constructionist approach that focuses on meaning production and "truth-claims" to explore the relationship between news media and drug policy. We begin by discussing mass incarceration, war on drugs, and institutional racism. Next, we review a sample of the current research from the fields of sociology and criminology on drug policy, race, and media discourse. We then focus on the most recent articulation of drugrelated policy and media discourse - the discourse surrounding marijuana use, including most recent trends in marijuana discourse. We conclude by noting the possible direction for drug policies and discussing the need for research addressing gaps in current understanding of drug-related discourse and the social construction of target populations.(original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
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