Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2017 | R. 21, nr 4, t. 2 Security and International Relations in the North | 237--254
Tytuł artykułu

High North Geopolitics Beyond Scales

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Geopolityka Dalekiej Północy w ujęciu glokalnym
Języki publikacji
W zarówno w kręgach mediów masowych, jak i środowiskach akademickich, koncepcja "geopolityki" zasadniczo jest wiązana ze spektakularnymi konfliktami w sferze stosunków międzynarodowych, podczas gdy lokalne konflikty polityczne są często oznaczane mianem socjologiczno-politycznego studium przypadku. Ta sytuacja ma szczególne znaczenie dla regionu arktycznego. Powyższy paradygmat utrudnia opracowanie odpowiedniej teoretycznej ramy analizy, która umożliwiłaby zrozumienie stosunków geopolitycznych między podmiotami politycznymi (indywidualnymi i zbiorowymi) zaangażowanymi (lub nie) na wszystkich szczeblach zarządzania w obliczu zmiennych kontekstów geograficznych, obejmujących regiony każdego typu i skali. W oparciu o niedawne francuskie podejście geopolityczne "geopolityki lokalnej", a w szczególności pracy Subra, niniejszy artykuł przedstawia oryginalny wgląd w kwestie politycznych barier, napięć i konfliktów związanych z geopolityką jako dyscypliną zainteresowanej "przestrzenią" uznawaną za "kwestię (geo)polityczną". Artykuł proponuje lepsze odwzorowanie obecnych napięć geopolitycznych napotykanych przez lokalnych aktorów na wysokiej Północy. (abstrakt oryginalny)
In both the popular media and academic circles, the concept of 'geopolitics' remains essentially related to spectacular conflicts in the sphere of international relations while local political conflicts are often labelled as sociological/political 'case studies'. This situation is particularly true for the Arctic region. This paradigm impedes the development of a relevant theoretical frame of analysis which would permit a sound understanding of the geopolitical relationships between political actors (individual and collective) involved (or not) at all levels of governance within variable geographical contexts covering all scales and types of region. Drawing on the recent French geopolitical approach of 'local geopolitics', and particularly the work of Subra, the present paper offers an original insight concerning political barriers, tensions and conflicts related to geopolitics as a discipline interested in 'space(s)' considered as '(geo)political issue(s)'. The paper advocates the better mapping of current geopolitical tensions faced by local actors in the High North. (original abstract)
  • Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Poland
  • 1. Alexeeva O. V., Lasserre F., The Snow Dragon: China's Strategies in the Arctic, "China Perspectives", 2012, No 3.
  • 2. Andersen S. S., Midttun A., Conflict and local mobilization: The Alta hydropower project 1, "Acta Sociologica" 1985 (28), No 4.
  • 3. Aruda G. M., Arctic governance regime: the last frontier for hydrocarbons exploitation, "International Journal of Law and Management" 2015 (57), No 5.
  • 4. Balao S. M. R., The European Union's Arctic Strategy(ies): The good and/or the evil? [in:] L. Heininen (ed.), Security and Sovereignty in the North Atlantic, Palgrave Pivot, London 2014.
  • 5. BEAC, Joint Barents Transport Plan, Proposals for development of transport corridors for further studies, N.P., 2013 (September), [online:] https://www.bare .pdf, (26.09.2017).
  • 6. Bennett M. M., How China Sees the Arctic: Reading between Extraregional and Intraregional Narratives, "Geopolitics" 2015 (20), No 3.
  • 7. Blacksell M., Political Geography, Routledge, New York 2006.
  • 8. Blunden M., Geopolitics and the Northern Sea Route, "International Affairs" 2012 (88), No 1.
  • 9. Brigham L. W., The Challenges and Security Issues of Arctic Marine Transport [in:] J. Kraska (ed.), Arctic Security in an Age of Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, New York 2011.
  • 10. Bruun J. M., Medby I. A., Theorising the Thaw: Geopolitics in a Changing Arctic, "Geography Compass" 2014 (8), No 12.
  • 11. Cameron E. S., Securing indigenous politics: A critique of the vulnerability and adaptation approach to the human dimensions of climate change in the Canadian Arctic, "Global Environmental Change" 2012 (22), No 1.
  • 12. Castro D., Hossain K., Tytelman C., Arctic ontologies: Reframing the relationship between humans and rangifer, "Polar Geography" 2016, (39), No 2.
  • 13. Cole S. G., Kinell G., Soderqvist T., Hakansson C., Hasselstrom L., Izmalkov S., Mikkelsen E., Noring M., Sandberg A., Sjoberg E.,. Soutukorva A, Franzen F., Khaleeva Y., Arctic games: An analytical framework for identifying options for sustainable natural resource governance, "Polar Journal" 2016 (6). No 1.
  • 14. Dalland 0., The Alta case: Learning from the errors made in a human ecological conflict in Norway, "Geoforum" 1983 (14), No 2.
  • 15. Dadwal S. R., Arctic: The Next Great Game in Energy Geopolitics? "Strategic Analysis" 2014 (38), No 6.
  • 16. Dahl A., Jarvenpaa P., Northern Security and Global Politics: Nordic-Baltic strategic influence in a post-unipolar world, Routledge, New York 2014.
  • 17. Dalby S., The geopolitics of climate change, "Political Geography" 2013 (37).
  • 18. Desmarais G., Ritchot G., La geographie structural, L'Harmattan, Paris 2000.
  • 19. Devonshire-Ellis C., Finland and Baltics Gear Up Rail and Arctic Infrastructure Projects to Connect With China, Russia, and EU OBOR Trade, "Silk Road Briefing", [online:] baltics-gear-up-rail-arctic-infrastructure-projects-connect-with-china-russia-eu-o bor-trade, (25.09.2017).
  • 20. Dodds K., Geopolitics: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2007.
  • 21. Dussouy G., Les theories geopolitiques. Traite de Relations internationales (I), L'Harmattan, Paris 2006.
  • 22. Eliasson K., Ulfarsson G. F., Valsson T., Gardarsson S. M., Identification of development areas in a warming Arctic with respect to natural resources, transportation, protected areas, and geography, "Futures" 2017 (85).
  • 23. Gerhardt H., Steinberg P. E., Tasch J., Fabiano S. J., Shields R., Contested Sovereignty in a Changing Arctic, "Annals of the Association of American Geographers" 2010 (100), No 4.
  • 24. Giblin B., Herodote, une geographie geopolitique, "Cahiers de geographie du Quebec" 1985 (29), No 77.
  • 25. Giblin B., La region : enjeux depouvoirs, "Quaderni" 2005 (59), No 1.
  • 26. Gilmore S., How Ottawa abandoned our only Arctic port, "Maclean's" 2016, [online:],, (18.08.2016).
  • 27. Hepple L.W., Geopolitique de gauche, Yves Lacoste, Herodote and French radical Geopolitics [in:] K. J. Dodds, K. D. Atkinson (eds), Geopolitical Traditions: A Century of Geopolitical Thought, Routledge, London/New York 2000.
  • 28. Heininen L., Geopolitics of a changing North. Position Paper for the 5th of the Northern Research Foreum (NRF) Open Assembly, September 24th-27th 2008, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, [online:], semblies/Anchorage2008/heininen_5thnrf_position_paper_session1.pdf, (25.09.2017).
  • 29. Heininen L., The end of the post-Cold War in the Arctic, "Nordia Geographical Publications", 2011 (40), No 4.
  • 30. High Arctic research station forced to close, [online:] chnology/high-arctic-research-station-forced-to-close-1.1171728, (28.02.2012).
  • 31. Huhndorf R. M., Huhndorf S. M., Alaska Native Politics since the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, "South Atlantic Quarterly" 2011(110), No 2.
  • 32. Jensen L. C., Norwegian petroleum extraction in Arctic waters to Save the environment: introducing 'discourse co-optation ' as a new analytical term, "Critical Discourse Studies" 2012 (9), No 1.
  • 33. Kim H. J., Success in heading North?: South Korea's master plan for Arctic policy, "Marine Policy" 2015, No 61.
  • 34. Kim Y., Blank S., The Arctic: A New Issue on Asia's Security Agenda, "Korean Journal of Defense Analysis" 2011 (23), No 3.
  • 35. Lee T., Kim H. J., Barriers of voyaging on the Northern Sea Route: A perspective from shipping Companies, "Marine Policy" 2015 (62).
  • 36. Mercier G., Ritchot G., La Baie James: Les dessous d'une rencontre que la bureaucratie n 'avaitpas prevue, "Cahiers De Geographie du Quebec" 1997 (41), No113.
  • 37. The Barents Observers, Norway positive to Finland's Arctic railway plan, [online: ] nd s-arctic-railway-plan, (25.09.2017).
  • 38. Ó Tuathail G., Dalby S., Rethinking Geopolitics, Routledge, New York 1998.
  • 39. 0sterud, 0., Review: The Uses and Abuses of Geopolitics, "Journal of Peace Research" 1988 (25), No. 2.
  • 40. 0sterud 0., Honneland G., Geopolitics and International Governance in the Arctic, "Arctic Review on Law and Politics" 2014, (5), No 2.
  • 41. 0sthagen A., Utenrikspolitisk entreprenorskap - EU og utviklingen av en Arktis- politikk, "Internasjonal Politikk" 2011 (69) No 1.
  • 42. Parente G., Assessing the role of resource extraction companies in Arctic decision-making: A new methodological approach, "Polar Geography" 2015 (38), No 3.
  • 43. Peng J., Wegge N., China's bilateral diplomacy in the Arctic, "Polar Geography" 2015, 38, No 3.
  • 44. Rosiere S., Geographie politique, geopolitique et geostrategie: distinctions, "L'information geographique" 2001 (65), No 1.
  • 45. Roseth T., Russia's China policy in the Arctic, "Strategic Analysis" 2014 (38), No 6.
  • 46. Scopelliti M., Conde Perez E., Defining Security in a Changing Arctic: Helping to Prevent an Arctic Security Dilemma, "Polar Record" 2016 (52), No 6.
  • 47. Sempa F. P., Geopolitics: From the Cold War to the 21st Century, Transaction Publishers, New Jersey 2002.
  • 48. Shadian J. M., The Politics of Arctic Sovereignty: Oil, Ice, andInuit Governance, Routledge, New York 2014.
  • 49. Stokke O. S., Asian stakes and Arctic governance, "Strategic Analysis" 2014 (38), No 6.
  • 50. Subra P., Geopolitique de l'amenagement du territoire, Armand Colin, Paris 2007.
  • 51. Subra P., La geopolitique locale. Territoires, acteurs, conflits, Armand Colin, Paris 2016.
  • 52. Tamnes R., Offerdal K., Introduction [in:] R. Tamnes, K. Offerdal, K. (eds.), Geopolitics and Security in the Arctic: Regional Dynamic in a Global World, Routledge, New York 2014.
  • 53. Thomas M. E., The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act: Conflict and Controversy, "Polar Record" 1986 (23), No 142.
  • 54. Thomas, M. E. The Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act: An update, "Polar Record" 1988 (24), No. 151.
  • 55. Wegge N., The EU and the Arctic: European foreign policy in the making, "Arctic Review on Law and Politics" 2012 (3), No 1.
  • 56. Wehrmann D., The Polar Regions as "Barometers" in the Anthropocene: Towards a New Significance of Non-State Actors in International Cooperation?, "Polar Journal" 2016 (6), No 2.
  • 57. Wilson E., Stammler F., Beyond extractivism and alternative cosmologies-Arctic communities and extractive industries in uncertain times, "The Extractive Industries and Society" 2016 (3).
  • 58. Wilson Rowe E., A dangerous space? Unpacking state and media discourses on the Arctic, "Polar Geography" 2013 (36), No 3.
  • 59. Yakovleva N., Oil pipeline construction in Eastern Siberia: Implications for Indigenous People, "Geoforum" 2011(42), No 6.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.