The Epidemic of Diabetes and its Negative Impact on Other Diseases
A retrospective analysis of negative effect of diabetes on selected diseases: cardiac failure, renal insufficiency, aortic aneurysm and cancer. We collected data from the National Health Fund for the period of 1st January 2012 - 31st December 2012. The analysis covered 2,227,453 diabetes patients including 975,364 men and 1,252,089 women. We looked at prevalence rate of cardiac failure among patients with and without diabetes, overall mortality rate of patients with an end-stage renal insufficiency in a cohort of people with and without diabetes, incidence rate of cancer and aortic aneurysm among people with or without diabetes. The prevalence rate of cardiac failure among people with known diabetes was 7 times higher in 2012 than among people without diabetes. The overall mortality rate of men and women with end-stage renal insufficiency and diabetes was 15 time higher in 2012 than the overall mortality rate of men and women with end-stage renal insufficiency but without diabetes. Among people that were diagnosed with aortic aneurysm in 2012 in Poland, 27.20% had diabetes. An aortic aneurysm is more common among diabetic than non-diabetic patients. The incidence rate of liver, skin and urinary bladder cancers among diabetic men is higher in cities than in rural areas. The incidence rate of stomach and brain cancers among diabetic women is higher in rural areas than in cities. Diabetes significantly increases risk of cardiac failure among both women and men. It also significantly increases a risk of death among people with an end-stage renal insufficiency. Diabetes significantly increases a risk of aortic aneurysm rupture. Diabetes significantly increases risk of some cancers, however there are differences dependent on sex and place of residence. There is a great need for having registries of diabetic people to be able to conduct deeper analyses and improve methods of treatments of this unusually dangerous disease. (original abstract)
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- College of Business and Entrepreneurship, Ostrowiec Swietokrzyski
- University of Humanities and Economics in Lodz; UHE Satellite Campus in Warsaw
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