PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2018 | 6 | nr 3 | 1--12
Tytuł artykułu

Assessment of community awareness and participation in ecotourism in Old Oyo National Park, Nigeria

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This study assessed the level of community awareness and participation in ecotourism in Old Oyo National Park, Nigeria. Data were collected in communities located in four ranges (i.e. administrative and protection zones) of Old Oyo National Park, Oyo State, Southwest Nigeria. The ranges are Tede, Marguba, Sepeteri, and Oyo-Ile. Seven (7) communities out of 27 that are in Tede range were selected, eight (8) were selected from 12 communities in Marguba range, eight (8) were selected from 17 communities in Sepeteri range while eight (8) were selected from 30 communities in Oyo Ile range. The study was a questionnaire survey involving 150 respondents that were randomly selected from communities in the four (4) ranges of the Park. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Tukey's HSD, t-test and logistic regression. Results revealed that 48% of the respondents were aware of ecotourism while 52% were not. Also, 46% participated in ecotourism while 54% did not participate. A relationship exists between ecotourism awareness and participation (p<0.01). Community type (p<0.01) was the only predictor of community awareness of ecotourism while community type (p<0.01) and awareness (p<0.01) were the predictors of participation in ecotourism in the park. Awareness, active involvement of communities in stakeholder meetings, decision-making and provision of start-up capital are important for ecotourism development in the park.(original abstract)
Rocznik
Tom
6
Numer
Strony
1--12
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
Bibliografia
  • Adetoro A.O. 2008. Peoples' Perception of the Old Oyo National Park: Germane Issues in Park Management. Environmental Research Journal, 2, 4: 182-186.Google Scholar
  • Adeleke B.O., Nzama T. 2013. Assessment of Community Participation in Ecotourism and Conservation at Hhuhuwe-Umfolozi Park, South Africa. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 3, 3: 27-37.Google Scholar
  • Afua A.E. 2012. Community participation in ecotourism: Evidence from Tafi Atome, Ghana. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, 2, 2: 1-12.Google Scholar
  • Ashley C., Roe D., Goodwin H. 2001. Pro-Poor Tourism Strategies: Making Tourism Work for the Poor. A review of experience. Pro-Poor Tourism Report No. 1. ODI, IIED, and Centre for Responsible Tourism, London.Google Scholar
  • Aref F., Ridzuan M. 2008. Barriers to community participation toward tourism development in Shiraz. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 5, 9: 936-940.Google Scholar
  • Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). 2016. Factbook The World Factbook Africa: Nigeria. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.htmlGoogle Scholar
  • Chirenje L.I., Giliba R.A., Musamba E.B. 2012. Local communities' participation in decision-making processes through planning and budgeting in African countries. Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment, 11, 1: 10-16.Google Scholar
  • Cronbach L.J. 1951. Coefficient alpha and internal structure of tests. Psychometrica, 16: 297-334.Google Scholar
  • Das M., Chatterjee B. 2015a. Ecotourism and Empowerment: A Case Analysis of Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, Odisha, India. IIM Kozhikode Society & Management Review, 4, 2: 136-145.Google Scholar
  • Das M., Chatterjee B. 2015b. Ecotourism: A panacea or a predicament? Tourism Management Perspectives, 14: 3-16.Google Scholar
  • Dieke P.U.C. 2005. Critical factors for tourism development in less developed countries. Retrieved from http://pubs.iied.org/pdfs/9507IIED.pdfGoogle Scholar
  • FEANTSA Participation Working Group and GRUNDTUG Participation Project 2013. Participation Toolkit. Retrieved from http://www.feantsa.org/spip.php?action=acceder_document&arg=1736&cle=f492b57fdc7b1f760cd77bf030f65cdd6c7fdb61&file=pdf%2Fparticipation_toolkit_english_final_2013.pdfGoogle Scholar
  • Gumus F., Eskin I., Veznikli A.N., Gumus M. 2007. Availability of rural tourism for Gallipoli villages: the potentials and attitudes. International Tourism Biennial conference, Turkey, 2: 157-158.Google Scholar
  • Honey M. 2010. The ecotourism revolution: Origins, growth, trends. APEC ecotourism conference, Sendai, Japan, September 2010. Retrieved from mddb.apec.org/documents/2010/GOS/GOS-TWG-CON/10_gos-twg_con_001a.pdfGoogle Scholar
  • Johnston A.M. 2006. Is the sacred for sale?: tourism and indigenous peoples. Earthscan, London, Sterling, VA.Google Scholar
  • Mak B.K.L., Cheung L.T.O., Hui D.L.H. 2017. Community Participation in the Decision-Making Process for Sustainable Tourism Development in Rural Areas of Hong Kong, China. Sustainability, 9: 2-13.Google Scholar
  • Manu I., Kuuder C-J.W. 2012. Community-based ecotourism and livelihood enhancement in Sirigu. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2, 18: 97-108.Google Scholar
  • Marguba L.B. 2002. National Parks and their benefits to local communities in Nigeria. National Park Service.Google Scholar
  • Mascarenhas A., Ampadu-Agyei O. 1998. Africa valuable assets: Africa Development that Works. [in:] P.G. Veit (ed.) Africa's valuable assets: A reader in natural resource management. World Resources Institute, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  • Mensah I., Ernest A. 2013. Community participation in ecotourism: The case of Bobiri Forest Reserve and Butterfly Sanctuary in Ashanti Region of Ghana. American Journal of Tourism Management, 2, 1A: 34-42.Google Scholar
  • Miller C.C. 2017. Challenges and Potentials of Ecotourism as a form of Conservation and Sustainable Development on Zapatera Island, Nicaragua. Master's Thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.Google Scholar
  • Mowforth M., Munt I. 1998. Tourism and Sustainability: New Tourism in the Third World. Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  • Nzama A.T. 2008. Socio-cultural impacts of tourism on the rural areas within the world heritage sites-The case of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. South Asian Journal for Tourism & Heritage, 1, 1: 1-8.Google Scholar
  • National Park Service (undated). Old Oyo National Park. Retrieved from http://nigeriaparkservice.org/?p=160Google Scholar
  • Ogogo A.U., Nchor A.A., Jacob D.E. 2010. Challenges of Buffer Zone Management in Cross River National Park, South Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment, 2(2): 156-163.Google Scholar
  • Ogunjinmi A.A., Onadeko S.A., Adewumi A.A. 2012. Empirical study of the effects of personal factors on environmental attitudes of local communities around Nigeria's protected areas. The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies, 11, 1: 40-53.Google Scholar
  • Ogunjinmi A.A., Aiyeloja A.A., Osunsina I.O.O., Ogunjinmi K.O. 2014. Understanding perceptions of protected area management in developing countries: The case of Nigeria National Parks. Global Environment, 7: 610-628.Google Scholar
  • Ogunjinmi A.A. 2015. Analysis of ecotourists' profiles, trip characteristics and motivations in Nigeria National Parks. Centre Point Journal, 18, 1: 25-48.Google Scholar
  • Pretty J. 1995. The many interpretations of participation. In Focus, 16: 4-5.Google Scholar
  • Rao N.M., Pawar, R. 2013. Assessment of community participation in ecotourism and conservation at Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka, India. Retrieved from http://www.vpmthane.org/sci/FAVEO/r12.pdfGoogle Scholar
  • Rastegar H. 2010. Tourism development and residents' attitude: A case study of Yazd, Iran. Tourismos, 5, 2: 203-211.Google Scholar
  • Salomão A.I.A. 2004. Legal framework for participatory natural resources management: privileges or rights in Mozambique? Environmental Governance in Africa Working Papers:
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171523851

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.