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2018 | 22 | nr 3 | 66--83
Tytuł artykułu

The "Working Poor" Phenomenon in Europe - a Taxonomic Analysis

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Zjawisko working poor w Europie - analiza taksonomiczna
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
W artykule podjęto problem osób pracujących, ale borykających się z biedą/ubóstwem. Zjawisko working poor ("biednych pracujących") jest poddane analizie taksonomicznej, w której zakres podmiotowy ogranicza się do wybranych państw europejskich, a zakres czasowy do ostatnich piętnastu lat. Celem artykułu jest przedstawienie zależności między pracą a biedą i/lub ubóstwem na europejskich rynkach pracy, w tym dookreślenie poziomu i struktury "biednych pracujących". Aby zrealizować tak postawiony cel badawczy, posiłkowano się wynikami badań The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions, a dzięki informacjom pozyskanym z bazy danych Eurostat przeprowadzono porównywalne analizy statystyczne. Na podstawie uzyskanych wyników można stwierdzić, że w Europie istnieje zjawisko working poor, a w przyszłości może ono przybierać na sile i stanowić poważne wyzwanie dla europejskich rynków pracy.(abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
The article discusses the problem of people who are working, but struggle with poverty. The phenomenon of 'working poor' is subjected to a taxonomic analysis, in which the subjective scope is limited to selected European states and the time span to the last twelve years. The aim of the article is to show the relation between work and poverty on European labour markets, including clarifying the level and structure of 'working poor'. In order to achieve such a research goal, the results of The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions were used, and thanks to the information obtained from the Eurostat database, it was possible to carry out comparable statistical analyses. On the basis of the obtained results, it can be concluded that the working poor phenomenon exists in Europe and in future may get stronger and pose a serious challenge for European labour markets.(original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
Strony
66--83
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Cracow University of Economics
Bibliografia
  • Atkinson A.B., Cantillon B., Marlier E., Nolan B., 2002, Social Indicators: the EU and Social Inclusion, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Balicki A., 2013, Statystyczna analiza wielowymiarowa i jej zastosowania społeczno-ekonomiczne, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego, Gdańsk.
  • Council Decision of 19 December 1984 on specific Community action to combat poverty (85/8/EEC), Official Journal of the European Communities 3.1.85, No. L 2/24, https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal- content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=OJ:L:1985:002:FULL&from=EN (8.04.2018).
  • Council Decision of 22 July 1975 concerning a programme of pilot schemes and studies to combat poverty (75/458/EEC), Official Journal of the European Communities 30.7.75, No. L 199/34, http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:31975D0458&from=EN (8.04.2018).
  • Crettaz E., Bonoli G., 2010, Why Are Some Workers Poor? The Mechanisms that Produce Working Poverty in a Comparative Perspective, REC-WP 12/2010 Working Papers on the Reconciliation of Work and Welfare in Europe RECWOWE Publication, Edinburgh: Dissemination and Dialogue Centre, pp. 6-8.
  • Cymbranowicz K., 2016a, Prekariat - nowe zjawisko na rynku pracy w Polsce, Annales. Etyka w życiu gospodarczym, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 17-30.
  • Cymbranowicz K., 2016b, The Phenomenon of Underemployment in Poland, Annales. Etyka w życiu gospodarczym, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 137-151.
  • Daly M., 2010, Assessing the EU Approach to Combating Poverty and Social Exclusion in the last Decade, [in:] Europe 2020. Towards a More Social EU?, in Europe 2020: Towards a More Social EU?, E. Marlier, D. Natali, R. Van Dam (eds.), P.I.E. Peter Lang, Brussels, pp. 143-161.
  • Decancq K., Goedemé T., Van den Bosch K., Vanhille J., 2013, The Evolution of Poverty in the European Union: Concepts, Measurement and Data, ImPRovE Methodological Paper, no 13/01, Antwerp, pp. 2-4.
  • Domański Cz., Kupis-Fijałkowska A. (eds.), 2013, Multivariate Statistical Analysis Theory and Practice, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Łódź.
  • Eurofound, 2010, Working poor in Europe, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Dublin.
  • Eurofound, 2017, In-Work Poverty in the EU, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
  • European Commission, 2004, Joint Report on Social Inclusion, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, p. 249.
  • European Commission, 2010, In-work poverty in the EU. Eurostat-Methodologies and Working Papers, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
  • European Commission, 2012, Is working enough to avoid poverty? In-work poverty mechanisms and policies in the EU, [in:] Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2011, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, pp. 141-199.
  • Eurostat, At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold and most frequent activity in the previous year - EU-SILC survey (population aged 18 to 64 years) (ilc_li04) (8.04.2018).
  • Eurostat, In-work at-risk-of-poverty rate by age and sex - EU-SILC survey (ilc_iw01), last update: 15.02.2018 (8.04.2018).
  • Eurostat, In-work at-risk-of-poverty rate by work intensity of the household (population aged 18 to 59 years) - EU-SILC survey (ilc_iw03) (8.04.2018).
  • Eurostat, People at risk of poverty or social exclusion by most frequent activity status (population aged 18 and over) (ilc_peps02), last update: 15.02.2018 (8.04.2018).
  • Eurostat, Population on 1 January by age and sex (demo_pjan), last update: 27.02.2018 (8.04.2018).
  • Eurostat, Severe material deprivation rate by most frequent activity status (population aged 18 to 64 years) (ilc_mddd12) (8.04.2018).
  • Eurostat Statistics Explained, Database (8.04.2018).
  • Eurostat Statistics Explained, Glossary (8.04.2018).
  • Gautié J., Ponthieux S., 2016, Employment and the Working Poor, The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty, Oxford, p. 488.
  • Gordon D., 2006, The concept and measurement of poverty, [in:] Poverty and Social Exclusion in Britain, C. Pantazis, D. Gordon, R. Levitas (eds.), The Policy Press, Bristol, p. 32.
  • Herman E., 2014, Working Poverty in the European Union and its Main Determinants: an Empirical Analysis, Inzinerine Ekonomika-Engineering Economics, vol. 25(4), pp. 427-436.
  • Kenworthy L., Marx I., 2017, In-Work Poverty in the United States, Discussion Paper Series, IZA DP no. 10638.
  • Lohmann H., Marx I. (eds.), 2018, Handbook on In-Work Poverty, Edward Elgar Publisher, Cheltenham.
  • Marlier E., Atkinson A.B., Cantillon B., Nolan B., 2007, The EU and Social Inclusion. Facing the challenges, The Policy Press, Bristol; on the Eurostat website.
  • Marx I., Verbist G., 1998, Low-Paid Work and Poverty: A Cross-Country Perspective, [in:] Low Wage Employment in Europe, S. Bazen, M. Gregory, W. Salverda (eds.), Edward Elgar Publisher, Cheltenham.
  • Nolan B., Marx I., 2000, Low Pay and Household Poverty, [in:] Labour Market Inequalities: Problems and Policies of Low-wage Employment in International Perspective, M. Gregory, W. Salverda, S. Bazen (eds.), Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • OECD, 2009, Is Work the Best Antidote to Poverty?, Employment Outlook. Tackling the Jobs Crisis, Paris, pp. 165-210.
  • Thiede B.C., Lichter D. T., Sanders S.R., 2015, America's Working Poor: Conceptualization, Measurement, and New Estimates, Work and Occupations, vol. 42(3), pp. 267-312.
  • Townsend P., 1979, Poverty in the United Kingdom: A Survey of Household Resources and Standards of Living, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, p. 31.
  • UN, 1995, The Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action: World Summit for Social Development 6-12 March 1995, United Nations Department of Publications, New York, p. 57.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171523951

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