Motivation Techniques in Russian and Polish Companies
Aim: In this study motivational techniques implemented in Polish and Russian enterprises are compared in terms of current situation in companies operating in post-command economies. The analysis is conducted from the perspective of students - interns of companies both in Russia and Poland. Design / Research methods: In this paper a selection of the most representative motivational techniquesimplemented by enterprises in Poland and Russia are surveyed in order to identify similarities and differences of motivational systems in both countries. The qualitative study can be considered as a pilot survey for an extended comparative analysis of motivational systems in Roland and Russia. The survey was based on interviews with employees and observations conducted by Polish and Russian students in several companies in both countries during study visits and individual internships. Obtained information was analyzed from the perspective of the Millennials and their future employment, so the stress was put on the utilization of positive motivators, financial and non-financial motivational methods. Conclusions / findings: When comparing motivational systems in those two countries, it is observed that in both, negative and positive motivation techniques are used, although in Polish companies negative motivation is utilized less and less frequently, while in Russian companies it is still present. In some enterprises in Russia and Poland financial motivators and negative motivation environment are still considered to be the most effective ones. In both countries such practices become more frequent when economical situation worsen. Originality / value of the article: The comparative analysis of motivational systems in Russia and Poland focuses on objectives and directions adopted and used by companies in both countries for motivational purposes. The paper shows that corporate culture in Polish enterprises is nowadays mature enough, that also non-financial motivators are implemented and bring positive results. It is observed, that all the non-financial motivators are based on the need of participation and appreciation as well as on the need for personal development, which are placed in the middle of Maslow's pyramid of needs. The study also shows that Russian companies are still at the very beginning of the implementation of such tools in their motivational systems. After reporting research conducted in Russian companies within past 25 years, an analysis of such situation is provided. (original abstract)
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