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2018 | 21 | z. 4 | 43--64
Tytuł artykułu

Management of Surplus Electricity Production from Unstable Renewable Energy Sources Using Power to Gas Technology

Warianty tytułu
Zagospodarowanie nadwyżki produkcji energii elektrycznej z niestabilinych odnawialnych źródeł energii z wykorzystaniem technologii Power to Gas
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Zwiększenie udziału produkcji energii ze źródeł odnawialnych (OZE) odgrywa kluczową rolę w zrównoważonym i bardziej konkurencyjnym rozwoju sektora energii. Wśród odnawialnych źródeł energii największy wzrost można zaobserwować w przypadku wytwarzania energii słonecznej i wiatrowej. Należy zauważyć, że OZE są coraz ważniejszym elementem systemów elektroenergetycznych i że ich udział w produkcji energii będzie nadal wzrastał. Z drugiej strony rozwój niestabilnych źródeł wytwarzania (elektrowni wiatrowych i fotowoltaiki) stanowi poważne wyzwanie dla systemów energetycznych, ponieważ operatorzy niekonwencjonalnych elektrowni nie są w stanie dostarczyć informacji o prognozowanym poziomie produkcji, a zapotrzebowanie na energię elektryczną jest często niższe od ilości energii wytworzonej w danym okresie. Dlatego wraz z rozwojem OZE tracona jest znaczna część wytworzonej energii. Rozwiązaniem jest magazynowanie energii, co pozwoliłoby na usprawnienie zarządzania systemami energetycznymi. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest przedstawienie koncepcji magazynowania energii elektrycznej w postaci energii chemicznej wodoru (Power to Gas) w celu poprawy funkcjonowania systemu elektroenergetycznego w Polsce. W związku z oczekiwanym wzrostem mocy zainstalowanej w elektrowniach wiatrowych należy się spodziewać, że w systemie będzie coraz więcej okresów, w których wytwarzana będzie nadwyżka energii. Aby uniknąć marnowania dużych ilości energii, konieczne jest wprowadzenie systemów magazynowania energii. Analiza rozwoju elektrowni wiatrowych pokazuje, że koncepcja Power to Gas może być rozwijana w Polsce, o czym świadczy szacowana moc zainstalowana i potencjalna ilość energii do wygenerowania. W związku z nadwyżką energii elektrycznej będzie dostępna do magazynowania w postaci energii chemicznej wodoru, która z kolei może być wykorzystana do zasilania sieci dystrybucyjnych gazu, wytwarzania energii elektrycznej w okresach zwiększonego zapotrzebowania na energię elektryczną lub do tankowania pojazdów. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
Increasing the share of energy production from renewable sources (RES) plays a key role in the sustainable and more competitive development of the energy sector. Among the renewable energy sources, the greatest increase can be observed in the case of solar and wind power generation. It should be noted that RES are an increasingly important elements of the power systems and that their share in energy production will continue to rise. On the other hand the development of variable generation sources (wind and solar energy) poses a serious challenge for power systems as operators of unconventional power plants are unable to provide information about the forecasted production level and the energy generated in a given period is sometimes higher than the demand for energy in all of the power systems. Therefore, with the development of RES, a considerable amount of the generated energy is wasted. The solution is energy storage, which makes it possible to improve the management of power systems. The objective of this article is to present the concept of electricity storage in the form of the chemical energy of hydrogen (Power to Gas) in order to improve the functioning of the power system in Poland. The expected growth in the installed capacity of wind power plants will result in more periods in which excess energy will be produced. In order to avoid wasting large amounts of energy, the introduction of storage systems is necessary. An analysis of the development of wind power plants demonstrates that the Power to Gas concept can be developed in Poland, as indicated by the estimated installed capacity and the potential amount of energy to be generated. In view of the above, the excess electricity will be available for storage in the form of chemical energy of hydrogen, which in turn can be used to supply gas distribution networks, generate electricity during periods of increased electricity demand, or to refuel vehicles. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Tom
21
Numer
Strony
43--64
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland
autor
  • Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland
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