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2018 | 23 (XXIII) | nr 25 (4) | 117--131
Tytuł artykułu

Evidence Based Training Approach in Organizational Practice

Warianty tytułu
Metoda kształcenia oparta na dowodach w praktyce organizacyjnej
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Artykuł koncentruje się na potrzebie rozważenia sposobu, w jaki szkolenia są projektowane i przeprowadzane. Na podstawie badań i przeglądu literatury przedstawiono nowy ruch w praktyce zarządzania zasobami ludzkimi, podejście do szkoleń opartych na dowodach. W pracy omawiane są definicje i cechy praktyki opartej na dowodach oraz istniejąca wiedza na temat zarządzania zasobami ludzkimi opartego na dowodach (EBHRM). W artykule przeanalizowano również, czego można się nauczyć z istniejących badań nad EBHRM na temat skuteczności szkoleń opartych na dowodach. Dane zebrano za pomocą ankiety służącej do pomiaru efektywności szkoleń. Badanie przeprowadzono wśród pracowników socjalnych, którzy uczestniczyli w kompleksowym programie szkoleniowym. Badanie ujawnia, że szkolenie jest logicznym ciągłym procesem składającym się z czterech etapów: projektowania, dostarczania, oceny i transferu. Nowe podejście do szkolenia umieszcza te działania w kontekście wykorzystania najlepszych dostępnych dowodów w celu zapewnienia wydajności pracowników i organizacji. Podano uzasadnienie, dlaczego instruktorzy powinni przyjmować najlepsze praktyki dowodowe podczas szkoleń. Zachęca także trenerów do przyjęcia podejścia opartego na refleksji i postawy trenera jako badacza w kierunku skuteczności ich praktyk. Unikalny wkład wartości tego artykułu pochodzi z opracowania podejścia szkoleniowego opartego na dowodach na skutek przeprowadzonych badaniach i literatury dotyczącej ZZL. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
This article centers on the urgent need to reconsider the way trainings are designed and delivered. Based on conducted studies and literature review an approach to training based on evidence as a new movement in HRM practices is presented. The definitions and features of evidence-based practice and existing knowledge on evidence-based human resource management (EBHRM) is discussed and integrated. The article also examines what can be learned from existing research on EBHRM into the effectiveness of evidence based training. The data were collected using surveys. Based on the literature review and data analysis the survey to measure effectiveness of the trainings was designed. The study was conducted among social workers, who participated in comprehensive training program. The research reveals that training is a logical continuing process consisted of four phases: design, delivery, evaluation, and transfer. The new approach to training places those activities in the context of using best available evidence to ensure employee and organizational performance. A rationale for why instructors should embrace evidence best practice during trainings is presented. It also urges trainers to adopt a reflective practitioner approach and the attitude of trainer as a researcher towards efficiency of their practices. The unique value contribution of this paper comes from the development of an evidence-based training approach based on conducted research and an in-depth review of the evidence-based HRM literature. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
117--131
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. André de Waal & Roobol M., Applying evidence-based HRM: the case of bonuses in the home furnishing industry, "Evidence-based HRM: a Global Forum for Empirical Scholarship" 2014, 2/2.
  • 2. Appelbaum E., Bailey T., Berg P., & Kalleberg A.L., Manufacturing advantage: Why high-performance work systems pay off, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000.
  • 3. Baba V.V. & Hakem Zadeh F., Toward a theory of evidence based decision making, "Management Decision" 2012, 50/5.
  • 4. Baldwin T.T. & Ford J.K., Transfer of training: a review and directions for future research, "Personnel Psychology" 1988, 41.
  • 5. Boxall P. & Macky K., Research and theory on high-performance work systems: progressing the high-involvement stream, "Human Resource Management Journal" 2009, 19/1.
  • 6. Boydell T. & Leary M., Identifying Training Needs, IPD, London 1996.
  • 7. Briner R.B., & Rousseau D.M., Evidence-based I-O Psychology: Not there yet, "Industrial and Organizational Psychology" 2011, 4/1.
  • 8. Clark R.C., Evidence-Based Training Methods: A Guide for Training Professionals, Association for Talent Development, 2010.
  • 9. De Los Reyes A. & Kazdin A.E., Conceptualizing changes in behavior in intervention research: the range of possible changes model, "Psychological Review" 2006, 113, 3.
  • 10. Gerhart B., Horizontal and vertical fit in human resource systems, In C. Ostroff & T.A. Judge (Eds.), Perspectives on organizational fit, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 2007.
  • 11. Gill C., Don't know, don't care: An exploration of evidence based knowledge and practice in human resource management, "Human Resource Management Review" 2018, 28.
  • 12. Grossman R. & Salas E., The transfer of training: what really matters, "International Journal of Training and Development" 2011, 15/2.
  • 13. Kaufman B.E., Strategic human resource management research in the United States: A failing grade after 30 years?, "Academy of Management Perspectives" 2012.
  • 14. Kirkpatrick D.L., Evaluating Training Programs: The Four Levels, Berrett-Koehler, San Francisco, CA, 1994.
  • 15. Kroon B., Van De Voorde K. & Timmers J., High performance work practices in small firms: a resource-poverty and strategic decision-making perspective, "Small Business Economics" 2013, 41/1.
  • 16. Locke E.A., Handbook Of Principles Of Organizational Behavior: Indispensable Knowledge For Evidence-Based Management, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2009.
  • 17. Neirotti P. & Paolucci E., Why do firms train? Empirical evidence on the relationship between training and technological and organizational change, "International Journal of Training and Development" 2013, 17/2.
  • 18. Obeidat S.M., Mitchell R., Bray M., The link between high performance work practices and organizational performance: Empirically validating the conceptualization of HPWP according to the AMO model, "Employee Relations" 2016, 38/4.
  • 19. Rhodes W., Meta-Analysis: An Introduction Using Regression Models, "Evaluation Review" 2012, 36/1.
  • 20. Rosen R.C., Ruzek J.I., Karlin B.E., Evidence-based training in the era of evidence-based practice: Challenges and opportunities for training of PTSD providers, "Behaviour Research and Therapy" 2017, 88.
  • 21. Ross S.M., Morrison G.R. & Lowther D.L., Using Experimental Methods in Higher Education Research, "Journal of Computing in Higher Education" 2005, 16/2.
  • 22. Rousseau D.M., Is there such a thing as 'evidence-based management?, "Academy of Management Review" 2006, 31/2.
  • 23. Rousseau D.M. & Barends E.G.R., Becoming an evidence-based HR practitioner, "Human Resource Management Journal" 2011, 21/3.
  • 24. Rynes S.L., Giluk T.L., & Brown K.G., The very separate worlds of academic and practitioner periodicals in human resource management: Implications for evidence-based management, "Academy of Management Journal" 2007, 50/5.
  • 25. Rynes S.L., Brown K.G., Colbert A.E., Seven common misconceptions about human resource practices: Research findings versus practitioner belief, "The Academy of Management Executive" 2002, 16/3.
  • 26. Sackett D.L., Evidence-based medicine, "Seminars in Perinatology" 1997, 21.
  • 27. Sackett D.L., Rosenberg W., Gray J.A., Haynes R.B. & Richardson W.S., Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't', "British Medical Journal" 1996, 312, 7023.
  • 28. Singh K., Impact of HR practices on perceived firm performance in India, "Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources" 2004, 42/3.
  • 29. Stark E., Stepanovich P., Poppler P., Hopkins P., Surrounded by White Water: Conflicts in Management Sciences Regarding Truth and Reality, "Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management" 2008, 9/3.
  • 30. Steensma H. & Groeneveld K., Evaluating a training using the "four levels model", "Journal of Workplace Learning" 2010, 22/5.
  • 31. Williams D. & Coles L., Evidence-based practice in teaching: an information perspective, "Journal of Documentation" 2007, 63/6.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171538189

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