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2018 | 9 | nr 4 | 27--37
Tytuł artykułu

Recent Developments in the German Photovoltaic Sector

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Purpose - The world is undergoing a dramatic shift in climate conditions. A heated debate is on-going over what measures to take in order to overcome the global-warming-related temperature increase, now more than 2 degrees centrigrade. The article tries to evaluate the contribution of the feed-in tariff (FIT) and the price of components for solar plants to the accumulation of new solar capacities in Germany, with the aim of determining the reasons for a drastic decline in the new capacities, observed since 2012.
Methodology - An autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) is used with the new PV Capacities as a dependent variable and component prices and feed-in-tariffs as independent variables. Data from German Federal Network Agency is used.
Findings - The statistical analysis shows a significant effect of component prices (in EUR per watt) and the value of the FIT (in EUR) on the New PV Capacities. As Germany has not reached the postulated yearly increase rate of New PV Capacities of 2500 MW since 2014 (EEG, 2017), new approaches are necessary to overcome this situation. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • University of Gdansk, Poland
  • University of Gdansk, Poland
  • Agentur für Erneuerbare Energien (2018), Eigentümerstruktur Photovoltaikanlagen, [online], [11.10.2018].
  • Agora Energiewende (2015), Current and Future Cost of Photvoltaics, [online], wende_Current_and_Future_Cost_of_PV_Feb2015_web.pdf [15.10.2018].
  • Altmaier, P. (2013), Die Energiewende ist die größte umwelt- und wirtschaftspolitische Herausforderung zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts, Politische Bildung, 46 Jg., Nr. 2, P.7-24. Bundesnetzagentur and Bundeskartellamt (2017), Monitoringbericht 2017, [online], [22.02.2018].
  • Bundesnetzagentur (2018), Beendete Ausschreibungen, [online], [11.10.2018].
  • Bundesnetzagentur (2018), EEG-Registerdaten und Fördersätze, [online], [11.10.2018].
  • Dice consult (2016), Kosten der Energiewende- Untersuchung der Energiewendekosten im Bereich der Stromerzeugung in den Jahren 2000 bis 2025 in Deutschland, [online], [12.10.2018].
  • Erneuerbare Energien Gesetz (EEG) (Renewable Energy Law) 2017.
  • Frauenhofer ISE (I) (2017), Annual renewable shares of electricity production in Germany, [online], [01.10.2018].
  • Fu, R.; Feldman, D.; Margolis, R.; Woodhouse, M.; Ardani, K. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)) 2017, U.S. Solar Photovoltaic System Cost Benchmark: Q1 2017., [12.10.2018].
  • Met Office (2015), Global temperatures set to reach 1 °C above pre-industrial levels, [online], [01.10.2018].
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) (2017), p. 54 Statista GmbH (2017), Entwicklung der jährlich installierten Leistung von Photovoltaikanlagen in Deutschland in den Jahren 2000 bis 2016 (in Megawattpeak), [online], [12.10.2018].
  • The White House (2015), FACT SHEET: The United States and China Issue Joint Presidential Statement on Climate Change with New Domestic Policy Commitments and a Common Vision for an Ambitious Global Climate Agreement in Paris, [online], [10.10.2018].
  • United Nations (2018), World Urbanization Prospects 2018, [online], [10.10.2018].
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