The Influence of Human Resource Management Practices on Employee Work Engagement
The main objective of this study is to investigate the influence of Human Resources Management (HRM) practices (employee communications, employee development and rewards and recognitions) on employee engagement. Employee engagement has emerged as one of the most important topics in the sphere of human resource management. The aim of this paper is to examine and gain better understanding of the drivers that influence employee engagement in a printing company. Employee communication, employee development, rewards, and recognitions were selected as independent variables. Sample for the study consists of 151 staff from manufacturing. Data were collected with the help of a questionnaire and analyzed using the Statistic Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 23. Throughout the statistical analysis, it is found that there is a significant relationship between the two independent variables with the dependent variable. In conclusion, it is observed that HRM practices have an influence on the employee work engagement. This shows that employers need to develop proper and well-structured HRM policies in attaining high work engagement level among the employees. (original abstract)
- Choo Ling Suan, Aizzat Mohd Nasurdin, 2016. Supervisor Support and Work Engagement of Hotel Employees in Malaysia: Is it Different for Men and Women? Gender in Management: An International Journal, 31(1), pp.2-18, https://doi.org/10.1108/GM-11-2014-0105.
- Christian, M.S., Garza, A.S., Slaughter, J.E., 2011. Work Engagement: A Quantitative Re-view a Test of Its Relations with Task and Con-textual Performance. Personnel Psychology, 64(1), pp.89-136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2010.01203.x.
- Clampitt, P.G., 2005. Communicating for Managerial Effectiveness. Sage. CA.
- Delery, J.E., Doty, D.H., 1996. Modes of Theorizing in Strategic Human Resource Management: Tests of Universalistic, Contingency, and Configurational Performance Predictions. Academy of Management Journal, 39(4), pp.802-835.
- Dessler, G., 2005. Human Resource Management, 10th ed., Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River.
- Guest, D., 2001. Human Resource Management and Performance: A Review and Research Agenda. International Journal of Human Re-source Management, Vol. 8(3), pp.263-276.
- Hobfoll, S.E., 1989. Conservation of Resources: A New Attempt at Conceptualizing Stress. American Psychologist, 44, pp.513-524. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.44.3.513.
- Karatepe, O.M., 2013. High-Performance Work Practices and Hotel Employee Performance: The Mediation of Work Engagement. International Journal of Hospitality Management, Vol. 32 March, pp.132-140.
- London, H., Higgot, K., 1997. An Employee Reward and Recognition. The TQM Magazine. 9(5), pp. pp.328-335.
- MacDuffie J.P, 1996. Human Resource Bundles and Manufacturing Performance: Organizational Logic and Flexible Production Systems in World Auto Industry. Ind. Labour Relat. Review, 48(2), pp.197-221.
- Nunnally, J.C., 1978. Psychometric Theory. 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.
- Robbins, S.P., DeCenzo, D.A., 1998. Fundamentals of Management: Essential Concepts and Applications. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Prentice Hall.
- Robert, M., 2006. Stress in the Work Place. (1st Edition). New Jersy. Pearson Publishers.
- Saks, A.M., 2006. Antecedents and Consequences of Employee Engagement. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21(7), pp.600-619. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02683940610690169.
- Salanova, M., Agut, S., Peiró, J.M., 2005. Linking Organizational Resources and Work Engagement to Employee Performance and Customer Loyalty: The Mediation of Service Climate. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 90, pp.1217-1227.
- Schaufeli, Bakker, A.B., Salanova, M., 2006. The Measurement of Work Engagement With a Short Questionnaire a Cross-National Study. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66(4), pp.701-716. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013164405282471.
- Schaufeli, W.B., Martínez, I.M., Pinto, A.M., Salanova, M., Bakker, A.B., 2002. Burnout and Engagement in University Students. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 33(5), pp.464-481. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022022102033005003.
- Seeger, 2005. Communicating Employee Recognition at MDOT. Strategic HR Review, Vol. 4, Issue 6, pp.12-13, https://doi.org/10.1108/14754390580000829.
- Sharma, A., Khandekar, A., 2006. Strategic Human Resource Management: An Indian Perspective. New Delhi: Sage Publication.
- Uen, J.F., Chien, S.H., 2004. Compensation Structure, Perceived Equity and Individual Performance of R&D Professionals. Journal of American Academy of Business, 4(1/2), pp.401-405.
- Werner, J.M., DeSimone, R.L., 2009. Human Resource Development. Mason, USA: South-Western, Cengage Learning.