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2018 | nr 2 (48) | 19--35
Tytuł artykułu

Smart Mobility Solutions in Public Transport Based on Analysis Chosen Smart Cities

Warianty tytułu
Mobilność inteligentna w transporcie publicznym na podstawie analizy wybranych miast inteligentnych
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
The term smart city is increasingly used in media and across society. Every city wants to have the status of a smart city, because it means using smart solutions to help the city with contemporary problems related to, inter alia, public transport. For the inhabitants of these cities, the implementation of the smart city concept may mean a higher level of quality of life and greater comfort of life. The main goal of this paper is the presentation of the results of the conducted study on what cities should do and how, in order to improve the quality of public transport in their city to become a smart city. Based on comparative analysis of public transport of the best smart cities in the world i.e. London, San Francisco and Singapore, this research aims at pointing out the development direction of implementing smart mobility for cities. The selected cities will be examined and compared according to the following criteria: availability of transport in the city, applied technologies in transport solutions, and the strategy for the development of transport services in the city.(abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
Pojęcie miasta inteligentnego jest coraz częściej stosowane w mediach i społeczeństwie. Każde miasto chce mieć status miasta inteligentnego, ponieważ oznacza to stosowanie inteligentnych rozwiązań, które mają pomóc eliminować współczesne problemy dotyczące m.in. transportu publicznego. Dla mieszkańców tych miast realizacja koncepcji smart city może oznaczać wyższy poziom jakości życia i większy komfort życia. Głównym celem tego artykułu jest prezentacja wyników przeprowadzonego badania na temat tego, co miasta powinny realizować i jak powinny to robić, aby poprawić jakość komunikacji zbiorowej i aby stać się miastem inteligentnym. Opierając się na analizie porównawczej transportu publicznego najlepszych miast inteligentnych na świecie, tj. Londynu, San Francisco i Singapuru, wskazano działania istotne dla rozwoju miasta inteligentnego. Wybrane miasta zbadano i porównano ze względu na następujące kryteria: dostępność transportu w mieście; zastosowane technologie w rozwiązaniach transportowych i strategię rozwoju usług transportowych w mieście.(original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
19--35
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Wrocław University of Economics, Poland
  • Wrocław University of Economics, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Anthopoulus L.G., 2017, Understanding Smart Cities: A Tool for Smart Government or an Industrial Trick?, Springer International Publishing, Springer.
  • Age Pyramid of Resident Population, 2017, Department of Statistics Singapore, https://www.singstat. gov.sg/statistics/visualising-data/charts/age-pyramid-of-resident-population (6.05.2018).
  • Balancing the Transportation Needs of a Growing City, 2018, Municipal Transportation Agency, https:// www.sfmta.com/sites/default/files/reports-and-documents/2018/02/2-20-18_item_11_fy19_and_ fy20_budget_-_slide_presentation_1.pdf (30.04.2018).
  • Benevolo C., Dameri R.P., D'Auria B., 2015, Smart Mobility in Smart City. Action Taxonomy, ICT Intensity and Public Benefits, http://www.springer.com/cda/content/document/cda_downloaddocument/ 9783319237831-c2.pdf?SGWID=0-0-45-1530081-p177662353 (30.10.2017).
  • Bouton S., Knupfer S. M., Mihov I., Swartz S., 2015, Urban mobility at a tipping point, McKinsey & Company, https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/sustainability-and-resource-productivity/ our-insights/urban-mobility-at-a-tipping-point (14.10.2017).
  • Dirks S., Keeling M., 2009, A vision of smarter cities: how cities can lead the way into a prosperous and sustainable future, IBM Institute for Business Value, http://www-31.ibm.com/solutions/cn/ government/downloads/GBE03227USEN.PDF (30.11.2017).
  • Frost&Sullivan, 2011, Strategic Opportunity Analysis of the Global Smart City Market. Smart City Market is Likely to be Worth a Cumulative $1.565 Trillion by 2020, http://www.egr.msu.edu/~aesc310- web/resources/SmartCities/Smart%20City%20Market%20Report%202.pdf (20.10.2017).
  • GDP per capita (current US$), 2016, The World Bank data, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?end=2016&start=2010 (14.02.2018).
  • GDP per capita in 276 EU regions, 2017, Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/ 2995521/7962764/1-30032017-AP-EN.pdf/4e9c09e5-c743-41a5-afc8-eb4aa89913f6 (14.02. 2018).
  • GDP per capita, 2017, Open data network, https://www.opendatanetwork.com/entity/310M200US 41860/San_Francisco_Metro_Area_CA/economy.gdp.per_capita_gdp?year=2016 (14.02.2018).
  • Happold B., 2016, Smart cities design timeframe, https://www.designingbuildings.co.uk/wiki/Smart_ cities_design_timeframe (18.01.2018).
  • How many cars are there in London and who owns them?, 2012, Transport for London, http://content. tfl.gov.uk/technical-note-12-how-many-cars-are-there-in-london.pdf (24.04.2018).
  • How we are funded, 2017, Transport for London, Mayor of London, https://tfl.gov.uk/corporate/about- -tfl/how-we-work/how-we-are-funded (24.04.2018).
  • ITU-T Focus Group on Smart Sustainable Cities, 2014, Smart sustainable cities: An analysis of definitions, Focus Group Technical Report, International Telecommunication Union, http://www.itu.int/ en/ITU-T/focusgroups/ssc/Pages/default.aspx (22.02.2018).
  • Lazaroiu G.C., Roscia M., 2012, Definition methodology for the smart city model, Energy, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 326-332
  • London's population by age, 2017, Trust for London, https://www.trustforlondon.org.uk/data/londons- population-age/ (24.04.2018).
  • London transport investment "more than double the North's", 2018, BBC, http://www.bbc.com/news/ uk-england-42804842 (24.04.2018).
  • Mayor of London, 2018, Mayor's Transport Strategy, https://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/ mayors-transport-strategy-2018.pdf (18.05.2018).
  • Piątkowski I., 2018, Identification and analysis of the best solutions in public transport in the smart city concept, Bachelor's Thesis, Wroclaw University of Economics, Wrocław San Francisco, 2015, Data USA, https://datausa.io/profile/geo/san-francisco-ca/ (30.04.2018).
  • SFMTA Factsheet, 2015, Municipal Transportation Agency, https://www.sfmta.com/sites/default/files/ reports/2016/2015%20SFMTA%20Transportation%20Factsheet.pdf (30.04.2018).
  • Smart City. What is a smart city?, Municipal Department 18 - Urban Development and Planning, https:// www.wien.gv.at/stadtentwicklung/studien/pdf/b008403j.pdf (24.11.2017).
  • Smart Cities Index, 2017, EasyPark, https://easyparkgroup.com/smart-cities-index/ (22.03.2018).
  • Smart Cities - What's in it for Citizens?, 2017, Juniper Research, https://newsroom.intel.com/wp-content/ uploads/sites/11/2018/03/smart-cities-whats-in-it-for-citizens.pdf (25.03.2018).
  • Smart City, 2017, Business Dictionary, http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/smart-city.html (20.10.2017).
  • Smart cities and infrastructure. Report of the Secretary-General, 2016, Commission on Science and Technology for Development, Nineteenth session, Geneva, 9-13 May 2016, http://unctad.org/ meetings/en/SessionalDocuments/ecn162016d2_en.pdf (20.010.2018).
  • Smart city challenge. How San Francisco is changing the way we move, 2016, San Francisco Team, http://smartcitysf.com (20.05.2018).
  • Smart London Board, Smart London Plan, Using the creative power of new technologies to serve London and improve Londoners' lives, 2013, https://www.london.gov.uk/sites/default/files/smart_london_ plan.pdf (15.05.2018).
  • Smart Mobility 2030. ITS Strategic Plan for Singapore, 2014, Land Transport Authority and Intelligent Transport Society Singapore, https://www.lta.gov.sg/content/ltaweb/en/roads-and-motoring/managing- traffic-and-congestion/intelligent-transport-systems/SmartMobility2030.html (20.05.2018)
  • Tan Ch., 2018, Singapore Budget 2018: Govt puts more money where its mouth is when it comes to buses and trains, The Straits Times, http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/transport/commentary- govt-puts-more-money-where-its-mouth-is-when-it-comes-to-buses-and (06.05.2018).
  • Top 10 Smartest Cities in the World, 2017, Wireless Design & Development, https://www.wirelessdesignmag. com/blog/2017/11/top-10-smartest-cities-world (25.03.2018).
  • Top 10 Smart Cities of 2017, 2017, Responsible Business, http://www.responsiblebusiness.com/channels/ cities-urbanisation-news/top-10-smart-cities-2017/ (25.03.2018).
  • Travel in London, 2016, Transport for London, Mayor of London, http://content.tfl.gov.uk/travel-in- -london (24.04.2018).report-9.pdf (24.04.2018).
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171542366

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