Internal Determinants of Firms' Innovativeness
This article presents an analysis of the determinants of a firm's innovativeness deriving from its internal potential and characteristics. The analysis is based on research carried out on 1355 firms that applied for public subsidies from the Innovative Economy Operational Program in 2014. The methods applied are logit regression, comparative analysis and literature review. The analysis is structured according to Bielski's model of an organization indicating the following subsystems: management, goals and values, people, technology and structure. This analysis shows that firms' innovativeness depends mainly on the following factors: their level of cooperation with academia, longer presence on the market, being highly equipped with modern technologies, being a medium-sized or large firm, as well as being an industrial rather than a service firm. All of the organizational subsystems play a role in determining innovativeness, but the most important ones are the technical subsystem, psycho-social subsystem and the subsystem of structure. (original abstract)
-  AARSTAD J., KVITASTEIN O.A., JAKOBSEN S.-E., Local buzz, global pipelines, or simply too much buzz? A critical study, Geoforum, 2016, 75, 129-133.
-  AVERMAETE T., VIAENE J., MORGAN E.J., CRAWFORD N., Determinants of innovation in small food firms, Eur. J. Inn. Manage., 2003, 6, 1, 8-17.
-  BATHELT H., MALMBERG A., MASKELL P., Clusters and knowledge. Local buzz, global pipelines and the process of knowledge creation, Progress in Human Geography, 2004, 28, 1, 31-56.
-  BIELSKI M., Basics of Organization and Management, C.H. Beck, Warsaw 2002.
-  CLIFTON N., KEAST R., PICKERNELL D., SENIOR M., Network structure, knowledge governance, and firm performance. Evidence from innovation networks and SMEs in the UK, Growth and Change, 2010, 41, 337-373.
-  DAMANPOUR F., Organizational innovation. A meta-analysis of effects of determinants and moderators, Acad. Manage. J., 1991, 34, 3, 555-590.
-  GONZÁLEZ-MORENO A., SÁEZ-MARTÍNEZ F.J., Cooperation with universities and research institutions for corporate entrepreneurship activities. The influence of the technological intensity of the environment, entrepreneurship and growth in local, Regional and National Economies, Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham 2009.
-  GRUDOWSKI P., WALENTYNOWICZ P., SZREDER J., Motivating employees to proinnovative behavior from the perspective of empirical research results, [In:] Innovations in Management and Production Engineering, R. Knosala (Ed.), PTZP, Opole 2014, 371-381.
-  MCADAM R., REID R., HARRIS R., MITCHELL N., Key determinants of organisational and technological innovation in UK SMEs. An empirical study, J. Entr. Inn. Manage., 2008, 8, 1.
-  MORRISON A., RABELLOTTI R., ZIRULIA L., When do global pipelines enhance the diffusion of knowledge in Clusters?, Econ. Geogr., 2013, 89, 77-96.
-  NIZIAŁEK I., Role of workers in the process of innovation implementation in Polish wood industry companies, Manage. Prod. Eng. Rev., 2013, 4 (3), 40-44.
-  OECD/EC, Oslo Manual Guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data, 3rd Ed., 2005.
-  ÖZSOMER A., CALANTONE R.J., DI BONETTO A., What makes firms more innovative? A look at organizational and environmental factors, J. Bus. Ind. Mark., 1997, 12, 6, 400-416.
-  ӦZҪELIK E., TAYMAZ E., Does innovativeness matter for international competitiveness in developing countries? The case of Turkish manufacturing industries, Res. Pol., 2004, 33, 409-424.
-  PICHLAK M., Determinants of Innovativeness. Theoretical Study and Results of Empirical Research, Difin, Warsaw 2012.
-  ROMIJN H., ALBALADEJO M., Determinants of innovation capability in small electronics and software firms in southeast England, Res. Pol., 2002, 31, 7, 1053-1067.
-  SALAVOU H., Do customer and technology orientations influence product innovativeness in SMEs? Some new evidence from Greece, J. Market. Manage., 2005, 21, 3-4.
-  SUNDBO J., The Theory of Innovation. Entrepreneurs, Technology and Strategy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, 1998.
-  SYCZ P., Internal Determinants of Innovation, Master's thesis, University of Gdansk, Gdańsk 2016.
-  WALENTYNOWICZ P., GRUDOWSKI P., KANIA S., SZREDER J., Motivating employees to pro-innovative behavior. Assumptions and elements of the system, Probl. Jak., 2016, 5, 2-8 (in Polish).
-  WAN D., HAUT ONG C., LEE F., Determinants of firm innovation in Singapore, Technovation, 2005, 25 (3), 261-268.
-  WOJNICKA E., Innovative system of Poland from the perspective of enterprises, IBnGR, Gdańsk 2004.
-  WOJNICKA-SYCZ E., Analysis with the usage of logit regression of the results of research for the report Analysis of branches of the highest export activity in the Pomorski region, Institute of Development for Innobaltica, Sopot 2015.
-  WOJNICKA-SYCZ E., SYCZ P., Public innovation policy and other determinants of innovativeness in Poland, Inn. J.: Publ. Sect. Inn. J., 2016, 21, 3.
-  WYG PSDB, Ex post evaluation of the Innovative Economy Program, research carried out for the Ministry of Infrastructure and Development co-financed by EFRD, 2014.
-  ZALEWSKI R.I., SKAWIŃSKA E., Innovative activity of enterprises in Wielkopolska region, [In:] J. Stachowicz, M. Nowicka-Skowron, L.A. Voronina (Eds.), Development of an Organization and a Region as a Challenge for Economics and Management, Towarzystwo Naukowe Organizacji i Kierownictwa "Dom Organizatora", Toruń 2014.