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2017 | 20 | nr 6 | 123--132
Tytuł artykułu

Development Economics and the Issues of Poverty and Social Inequalities

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Development economics emerged as a separate discipline of economic science in the 1950s but it wasn't until the 1960s and mid-1970s that it began to draw serious attention. Gradually, an extensive literature concerning economic development was built up. In the 1980s it turned out, however, that despite some successes, the economic growth in most of medium and less developed countries was not as high as expected. During the 1980s and 1990s, the so-called Washington Consensus dominated the theory and practice of economic development. This notion covered the whole range of activities that were to lead the developing countries to improved welfare and prosperity. It included strict fiscal and monetary policies, deregulation, foreign trade and capital flow liberalisation, elimination of government subsidies, moderate taxation, liberalisation of interest rates, maintaining low inflation, etc. Based on the developmental experience of over past ten years, a new paradigm of development is emerging, the elements of which can be described as follows: (1) the basic economic environment should encourage the long-term investment in (2) the economy should have a high sensitivity to market stimuli (3) human capital must complement physical capital (4) due to the fast flow and absorption of information in the rapidly changing world, the key role is played by institutions and mechanisms that jointly respond to stimuli (5) wherever market failures occur, an intervention of the state should be market-friendly 6) social equality must be guaranteed if the economic development is to take place on a sustainable basis. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Tom
20
Numer
Strony
123--132
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • University of Lodz
Bibliografia
  • Desai, V., & Potter, R. B. (2002). The companion to development studies. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Hirschman, A. O. (1981). The rise and decline of development economics. In A. O. Hirschman (Ed.), Essays in trespassing: economics to politics and beyond. Cambridge University Press.
  • Krugman, P. (1996). Pop internationalism. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Piasecki, R. (2008). Ekonomia rozwoju wobec problemów nędzy i nierówności społecznych na świecie. Annales. Ethics in Economic Life, 11(1), 225-232.
  • de Rivero, O. (2001). The myth of development: The non-viable economies of the XXI century. New York: Zed Books.
  • Schumacher, E. F. (1981). Małe jest piękne. Warsaw: Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy.
  • Stewart, F. (1987). The case for appropriate technology: A reply to R. S. Eckaus. Issues in Sciences and Technology, 3(4), 101-109.
  • Stiglitz, J. E. (1999). Knowledge for development: Economic science. economic policy and economic advice. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
  • Streeten, P. (1984). Basic needs: Some unsettled questions. World Development, 12(9), 973-978.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171545563

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