Efficient Use of Common Resources in Conditions of Sustainable Development
Many of the challenges facing humankind, such as climate change, water scarcity, inequality and hunger, can be resolved not only at a global level by promoting sustainable development but, first of all, at local level. Local communities in many countries have been seeking to improve sustainability. They are policy makers and catalysts of change that unify the global goals with their own local ones. In the light of the theoretical background it was made an attempt to extend the analysis of effective managing a commons proposed by Elinor Ostrom basically on the example of Ukraine by introducing the obstacles and opportunities for local communities functioning in the direction of sustainable development. Considering the experience of European states, the basis for the transformation in conditions of sustainable development is a citizen as an individual, guided by his own "taste to life" in accordance to the right guaranteed by the state and the community to choose its place in life. In the relevant conditions it is expedient to look for effective tools of influence on central and local governments and possibilities of the transformation the whole system of public administration by focusing on the role of community and its opportunities for the effective use of shared resources. The duplication of the process of consolidation without development of a social state only destroys the remnants of local self-governance and, as a consequence, all other branches of power in general. (original abstract)
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