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18 (2014) | nr 2 The Arctic and Nordic Countries in the World of Economy and Politics | 97--110
Tytuł artykułu

The European Union with Respect to the Arctic : Climate and Energy Aspects in the Arctic Policy of Selected Member States

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Unia Europejska wobec Arktyki : klimat i aspekty energetyczne w polityce arktycznej wybranych państw członkowskich
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Zmiany klimatyczne w Arktyce sprawiły, że wokół regionu Bieguna Północnego zogniskowały się interesy polityczne wielkich mocarstw. Zrodziło to pytania: Czy z Morza Barentsa wyłania się nowy region energetycznych dostaw ropy i gazu dla Unii Europejskiej? Czy zasoby Dalekiej Północy będą w przyszłości odgrywać ważna rolę w dywersyfikacji dostaw surowców do UE? Jaka jest rola UE w "grze" o Arktykę? Artykuł analizuje interesy i uwarunkowania polityki arktycznej UE oraz jej wybranych państw członkowskich na tle dynamicznego rozwoju uwarunkowań polityczno - gospodarczych na Dalekiej Północy. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
Climate changes in the Arctic made the North Pole area a focal point for political interests of great powers. This brought questions: Is the Barents Sea an emerging region of new energy oil and gas supplies for the European Union? Will the High North resources play an important future role in diversification of European energy supplies? What is the UE's role in the "game" for the Arctic? The article analyzes interests and conditions of Arctic policy of the EU and its selected Member States against the dynamic development of political and economic considerations in the Far North. (original abstract)
Twórcy
  • Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Poland
Bibliografia
  • A Sustainable EU Policy for the High North, "Official Journal of the EU", C 136 E/71, 11.5.2012.
  • Arctic Expert: Greenland Could Re-join the EU in a Generation, EurActiv, 25.06.2012.
  • Arctic Governance P6_TA (2008)0474 Resolution of the European Parliament of October 9, 2008 on Governance of the Arctic Region (2010/C 9 E/07), "Official Journal of the EU", C 9 E/41, 15.01.2010.
  • Catherine Ashton to Visit Northern Finland, Sweden and Norway to Highlight Importance of an Enhanced EU Policy towards the Arctic, Brussels 5 March 2012 A 99/12.
  • Climate Change and International Security, document of the High Representative and the European Commission addressed to the European Council, S113/08, 14.03.2008.
  • Collin J.-M., Arctique, La France prend position, La revue géopolitique online, September 26 2010, http://www.diploweb.com/Arctique-la-France-prend-position.html, web. January 20 2013.
  • Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council the EU and the Arctic Region, COM (2008) 763, Brussels, 20.11.2008.
  • Council Conclusions on Arctic issues, 2985th Foreign Affairs Council Meeting, Brussels, 8.12.2009.
  • Council Conclusions on the European Union and the Arctic Region, 2914th Foreign Affairs Council Meeting, Brussels 8.12.2008.
  • Degeorges D., The Arctic. A Region of the Future for the European Union and the World Economy, "European Issues", no 263, 8.01.2013, Foundation Robert Schuman, Policy Paper.
  • Developing a European Union Policy towards the Arctic Region: Progress since 2008 and Next Steps, Brussels, 26.6.2012, JOIN(2012) 19 final.
  • Discours de Michel Rocard, ambassadeur de France chargé des négociations internationales relatives aux pôles Arctique et Antarctique, 9.11.2010, http://www.ambafrance-ru.org/Discours-de-Michel-Rocard, accessed on 15.01.2013.
  • Draft Council Conclusions and the Arctic Region, 4 December 2008, 16826/08.
  • EU Energy in Figures, Statistical Pocketbook 2012, EC 2012.
  • European Commission Legal Aspects of Arctic Shipping, No. FISH/2006/09 - LOT2, February 2010. Convention of the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).
  • European Commission Signs Today Agreement of Cooperation with Greenland on Raw Materials, 13.06.2012, http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-12-600_en.htm, web. January 28 2013.
  • Finland's Strategy for the Arctic Region, http://www.geopoliticsnorth.org/images/stories/attachments/Finland.pdf, web. January 05 2013.
  • GDF SUEZ E&P Norge License Portfolio, www.gdfsuezep.no.
  • Gjøa, www.gdfsuezep.no/en/About-us/Activities/Gjoa, web. September 22 2012.
  • Interests and Roles of non-Arctic States in the Arctic, seminar presented by the National Capital Branch of the Canadian International Council and the Munk-Gordon Arctic Security Program, Ottawa, October 5, 2011.
  • Keil K., The EU in the Arctic 'Game'- The Concert of Arctic Actors and the EU's Newcomer Role, Paper for SGIR 7th Pan-European International Relations Conference, Stockholm 2010.
  • Kingdom of Denmark Strategy for the Arctic 2011-2020, http://uk.nanoq.gl, web. January 22 2013.
  • Liam Fox: The EU Should Only Act when NATO Can Not, 11.02.2010, http://www.conservatives.com/News/Speeches/2010/02/Liam_Fox_EU_should_only_act_when_NATO_cannot.aspx, web. January 20 2013.
  • Major C., Steinicke S., EU Member States' Perceptions of the Security Relevance of the High North, Working Paper, German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Berlin 2011.
  • Minister for International Defence and Security, at the Joint NATO/Icelandic Government conference, Reykjavik, Iceland, on 29 January 2009, Ministry of Defence Archives, http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk , web. January 20 2013.
  • Rocard nommé ambassadeur de France en Arctique, "Le Nouvel Observateur", 18.03.2009.
  • South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak in Ilulissat, Greenland Today, 10.09.2012.
  • Sweden's Strategy for the Arctic Region 2011-2013, http://www.government.se/content/1/c6/18/61/74/9168f21a.pdf, accessed on 10.01.2013.
  • Un problème oublié : les pôles, http://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/thenorth-pole-in-peril/french, web. January 20 2013.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171557506

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