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2013 | nr 4 | 387--413
Tytuł artykułu

Enterprise Performance, Privatisation and the Role of Ownership in Bulgaria

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Kondycja przedsiębiorstwa, prywatyzacja i znaczenie właśności w Bułgarii
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Zarówno w gospodarczo rozwiniętych, jak i rozwijających się krajach, prywatyzacja, budżetowe środki oszczędnościowe oraz liberalizacja rynku stały się w ciągu trzech ostatnich dekad kluczowymi aspektami programów reform strukturalnych. Te trzy rekomendowane ścieżki polityczne stanowiły część silnego odrodzenia klasycznej i neoklasycznej myśli od połowy lat 70-tych. Takie programy mają na celu osiągnięcie wyższej mikroekonomicznej efektywności oraz przyspieszenie wzrostu gospodarczego, a jednocześnie w zamierzeniu doprowadzić mają do ograniczenia potrzeby zadłużania sektora publicznego poprzez eliminację niepotrzebnych subsydiów. Dla przedsiębiorstw rekomenduje się zmianę formy własności z publicznej (własność państwa) na prywatną w celu osiągnięcia lepszej kondycji. Aby ocenić znaczenie formy własności, porównano kondycję ekonomiczną przedsiębiorstw prywatnych, publicznych oraz mieszanych w Bułgarii, wykorzystując metodę analizy wskaźnikowej. Na podstawie uzyskanych wskaźniki dla lat 1998 oraz 2000 nie stwierdzono, iż forma własności to kluczowa determinanta kondycji przedsiębiorstw.
EN
In both economically developed and developing countries, privatisation, budget austerity measures and market liberalisations have become key aspects of structural reform programs in the last three decades. These three recommended policies were parts of strong revival of classical and new-classical school of thought since the middle of 70s. Such programs aim to achieve higher microeconomic efficiency and foster economic growth, whilst also aspiring to reduce public sector borrowing requirements through the elimination of unnecessary subsidies. For firms to achieve superior performance a change in ownership from public (state ownership) to private has been recommended as a vital condition. To assess the ownership role, the economic performances of private, public and mixed enterprises in Bulgaria is compared through the use of factor analysis method. The extracted factors, using data of two years, 1998 and 2000, do not pick ownership as a key performance factor.
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
387--413
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • European Business School, England
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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