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2019 | nr 30 | 283--299
Tytuł artykułu

Cross-Cultural Communication in Nursing. A Comparative Study of Nursing Students from Poland, Turkey and Hungary

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Komunikacja międzykulturowa w wielokulturowym pielęgniarstwie. Studium porównawcze opinii studentów pielęgniarstwa z Polski, Turcji i Węgier
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Cel. Celem badania było ukazanie opinii studentów pielęgniarstwa na temat najczęściej występujących trudności w nawiązaniu skutecznej komunikacji oraz wskazanie postaw, umiejętności i wiedzy niezbędnych w interakcjach z pacjentem odmiennym kulturowo. Materiał i metoda. W badaniu wzięło udział 354 studentów pierwszego roku z pięciu szkół w Turcji, Polsce i na Węgrzech. Przekrojowe badanie zostało oparte na kwestionariuszu opracowanym przez jedną z autorek. Wyniki. W nawiązaniu skutecznej komunikacji podkreślano znajomość języka i mówienie wolno, bez żargonu medycznego. Czynnikiem najważniejszym w podejściu do pacjenta odmiennego kulturowo są przezwyciężanie postawy etnocentrycznej, uprzedzeń, stereotypów oraz postawa poszanowania siebie i drugiego człowieka, wśród umiejętności ważne są otwartość w stosunku do innych kultur. Stwierdzono różnice pomiędzy poszczególnymi krajami. Wnioski. Mimo iż studenci zwracają uwagę na wagę komunikacji w relacji z pacjentem odmiennym kulturowo i wykazują do niej gotowość, wymagają przygotowania do wejścia w interakcje międzykulturowe. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
Aim. The goal of this study was to show the opinions of nursing students concerning the most frequent difficulties in establishing effective communication with patients from other cultures. Material and Methods. This cross-sectional study involved 354 first-year nursing students from five schools in Turkey, Poland and Hungary. It was based on a questionnaire developed by one of the authors. Results. The respondents considered the familiarity with the language, overcoming the fear of cultural otherness and speaking slowly and clearly without the knowledge of medical jargon as the most crucial elements of effective communication with patients. Conclusion. Although the students are open to establishing relationships based on communication with patients representing different cultures and faiths and understand the importance of the process, they need to be adequately prepared for cross-cultural interactions. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
283--299
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Stanisław Staszic University of Applied Sciences in Piła
  • Pomeranian University of Słupsk
  • University of Applied Sciences in Legnica
autor
  • University of Debrecen
  • University of Rzeszow
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171568135

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