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2019 | 53 | nr 2 | 37--44
Tytuł artykułu

The Use of Information Technology in Human Resource Management in American Enterprises

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Theoretical background: The ongoing development of information technology (IT) has caused IT solutions to be increasingly applied in human resource management (HRM). The implementation of such solutions is highly advantageous to enterprises because they streamline the provision of services to job candidates and employees, and save time and money. This is particularly important for high-tech enterprises using the latest scientific and technological advances and innovative solutions. Purpose of the article: The objective of the study was to examine the use of IT tools in recruitment and selection, development and training, motivation, talent management and personnel services. Research methods: The research employed the case study method. Documentation analysis, interview techniques and observations were carried out in enterprises. The paper describes three case studies of high-tech companies headquartered in Silicon Valley in the United States. Main findings: High-tech enterprises in Silicon Valley deploy a wide range of IT tools for recruitment and selection, development and training, motivation, talent management and human resource (HR) services, thus supporting personnel management processes and increasing the efficiency of administrative tasks. The type and scope of the applied IT solutions depended on the size of the company. Large enterprises had a tendency to integrate specific tools used in HR processes into one employee management system. The research showed a number of advantages regarding IT tool implementation in HRM, such as improved HR management efficiency due to data integration, obtaining a better match between employee competences, their development capacities and company demands. Moreover, the use of IT tools increased employee engagement in the performance of tasks. The implementation of IT tools in HRM produces certain limitations since technologies can be static and information can be transferred in one direction only. Therefore, face-to-face relationships, opportunities for sharing opinions between employees and prospects for development are essential in enterprises because they impact employee engagement.(original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
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