Relations Between Singapore and the People's Republic of China in the Light of Donald Trump's New Southeast Asia Policy
The aim of the article is to analyze the relationship between Singapore and the People's Republic of China in the light of the current policy of the President of the United States Donald Trump. The point of reference for the presented analysis is the foreign policy of the former President Barack Obama, based on the strategy known as "pivot to Asia" - the strategic turnabout of the United States to the Asia-Pacific region. One of its main objectives was the signing of a multilateral agreement on the establishment of a free trade zone, the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), bringing together 12 countries. The main subject of the present analysis is to examine the impact of Donald Trump's decision of January 2017 to withdraw from the TPP trade agreement on the relations between the remaining signatories of the agreement, as well as to examine Beijing's actions, which may seek to increase its sphere of influence in Asia through the breakdown of TPP. The main part of the research is focused on the triangle politics concept in international politics, which will include China, Singapore and the United States. Besides the two largest economic powers, Singapore is included because of its membership in the TPP and ASEAN, and due to its strong economy and its population (predominantly) of Chinese origin it can be viewed as the "fifth column" or may otherwise play a role in the Greater China concept.(original abstract)
- 1. Allen, M. America's first Pacific president. "Politico" (November, 2009). Web. 5 January 2018, https://www.politico.com/story/2009/11/americas-first-pacific-president-029511.
- 2. Allison, G., Blackwill R.D., Wyne A. Lee Kuan Yew. The Grand Master's Insights on China, the United States, and World, Cambridge (2013), p. 7.
- 3. Basaldú, R.J. Two Eagles, One Dragon: Asymmetric Theory and the Triangular Relations between the US, China and Mexico (May, 2011). Web. 5 January 2018, https://baylor-ir.tdl.org/baylor-ir/bitstream/handle/2104/8116/Robert_Basaldu_masters.pdf?sequence=3.
- 4. Belt and Road Basics, (2014). Web. 5 January 2018, https://beltandroad.hktdc.com/en/belt-and-road-basics.
- 5. Bisley, N., Cook, M. Contested Asia and the East Asia Summit, "Perspective" (08/2016), no. 46, pp. 1-3.
- 6. Blackwill, R.D., Rhappleye, T. Trump's Five Mistaken Reasons for Withdrawing from the Trans-Pacific Partnership. "Foreign Policy" (June, 2017). Web. 5 January 2018, http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/06/22/trumps-five-mistaken-reasons-for-withdrawing-from-the-trans-pacific-partnership-china-trade-economics/.
- 7. Blanchard, B. China lodges protest after Trump call with Taiwan president. "Reuters" (December, 2016). Web. 5 January 2018, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-taiwan/china-lodges-protest-after-trump-call-with-taiwan-president-idUSKBN13R2NT?il=0.
- 8. Calamur, K. A Short History of 'America First'. "The Atlantic" (January, 2017). Web 5 January 2018, https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/01/trump-america-first/514037/.
- 9. Cao, J. CAO: China's salami-slicing strategy. "The Washington Times" (June, 2014). Web 5 January 2018, https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/jun/16/cao-chinas-salami-slicing-strategy/.
- 10. Chadran, N., Tan, C. North Korea issue is 'different this time', warns Singapore prime minister. CNBC, (October, 2017). Web. 5 January 2018, https://www.cnbc.com/2017/10/19/singapore-prime-minister-lee-hsien-loong-on-north-korea-and-tpp.html.
- 11. Clinton, H. America's Pacific Century. "Foreign Policy" (November, 2011). Web 5 January 2018, https://foreignpolicy.com/2011/10/11/americas-pacific-century/.
- 12. Contested areas of South China Sea likely have few conventional oil and gas resources. US Energy Information Administration (April, 2013). Web. 5 January 2018, https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=10651.
- 13. Defense Cooperation (2015). Web. 8 January 2018, https://sg.usembassy.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/197/Fact-Sheet-Defense-and-Cooperation.pdf.
- 14. Factsheet - The Strategic Framework Agreement (2005). Web. 5 January 2018, https://www.mindef.gov.sg/oms/imindef/press_room/official_releases/nr/2005/jul/12jul05_nr/12jul05_fs.html.
- 15. Fifth Colum. Britannica (2018). Web. 5 January 2018, https://www.britannica.com/topic/fifth-column.
- 16. Fisxer, M. The South China Sea: Explaining the Dispute. "The New York Times" (July, 2016). Web. 5 January 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/15/world/asia/south-china-sea-dispute-arbitration-explained.html.
- 17. Gady, F.S. South China Sea: US Navy Conducts Freedom of Navigation Operation. "The Diplomat" (August, 2017). Web. 5 January 2018, https://thediplomat.com/2017/08/south-china-sea-us-navy-conducts-freedom-of-navigation-operation/.
- 18. Holland, S. Trump, dogged at home, begins longest presidential Asia trip in years. "Reuters" (November, 2017). Web. 5 January 2018, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trump-asia/trump-dogged-at-home-begins-longest-presidential-asia-trip-in-years-idUSKBN1D30A9.
- 19. Holmes, O. 'Death of democracy' in Cambodia as court dissolves opposition. "The Guardian" (November, 2017). Web. 5 January 2018, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/nov/16/death-of-democracy-cambodia-court-dissolves-opposition-hun-sen.
- 20. Hsu, S. China's Energy Insecurity Glaring In South China Sea Dispute. "Forbes" (September, 2016). Web. 5 January 2018, https://www.forbes.com/sites/sarahsu/2016/09/02/china-energy-insecurity-south-china-sea-dispute/