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Czasopismo
2019 | nr 9 Experience Marketing - Research, Ideas, Opinions (1) | 26--33
Tytuł artykułu

Identification of Forms of Tourism that Create Extraordinary Customer Experiences and Recognition of these Forms in Scientific Literature

Warianty tytułu
Identyfikacja form turystyki wywołujących niezwykłe doświadczenia klientów i rozpoznanie tych form w literaturze naukowej
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Artykuł łączy marketing doświadczeń ze współczesnym trendem w turystyce, którym jest poszukiwanie przez turystów nowych form aktywności dostarczających im silnych przeżyć. Zamierzeniem autora było zidentyfikowanie tych form turystyki oraz określenie liczby odniesień do nich w literaturze naukowej w kontekście marketingu doświadczeń. Wyodrębniono jedenaście tematycznych obszarów zainteresowań klientów biur podróży, a w nich ponad pięćdziesiąt form uprawiania turystyki. Rozpoznania pozycji bibliograficznych pod kątem eksplorowania poszczególnych sposobów spędzania wolnego czasu - zarówno w wymiarze samych zjawisk, jak i z uwzględnieniem doświadczeń turystów - dokonano dla jednego, wybranego obszaru tematycznego. Skoncentrowano się na obszarze "historia" i przypisanych do niego następujących formach: turystyka archeologiczna, turystyka nostalgiczna, turystyka nagrobna, turystka stref wojennych, ciemna turystyka, turystyka łagrowa, turystka śladami komunizmu, turystyka pól bitewnych, turystyka dziedzictwa militarnego, turystyka atomowa. Przeprowadzone rozpoznanie pozwoliło sformułować dwa zasadnicze wnioski. Po pierwsze coraz większą popularność zyskują formy turystyki, które jeszcze do niedawna nie istniały lub były bardzo niszowe. Są one coraz częściej zamieszczane w ofertach biur podróży, co jest odpowiedzią na poszukiwanie przez współczesnych turystów wyjątkowych doświadczeń. Po drugie analiza zasobów wiodących baz publikacji naukowych wskazała, że rozpoznanie w literaturze poszczególnych form turystyki jest na zróżnicowanym poziomie - od szerszego zainteresowania po nikłe opisanie zjawisk. W kilku przypadkach zidentyfikowano luki badawcze - przy tematach, w których nie ma żadnych artykułów lub istnieją tylko pojedyncze prace naukowe prezentujące efekty rozważań teoretycznych oraz prac empirycznych łączących marketing doświadczeń ze wskazanymi formami turystyki. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
This paper creates a link between experience marketing and a contemporary trend in tourism towards seeking new forms of activity that offer tourists unforgettable experiences. The author's intention was to identify such forms of tourism and determine the number of references to chosen forms in scientific literature in the context of experience marketing. Eleven thematic areas of travel agency customers' interest were proposed, with each of them containing more than fifty forms of tourism. The examination of bibliographical entries aimed at exploring different forms of leisure activities - with attention being focused on both the very phenomena and tourists' experiences - was carried out with respect to one selected thematic area. Focus was given to the area of 'history' and the following forms classified under it: archaeological tourism, nostalgia tourism, tombstone tourism, war-zone tourism, dark tourism, gulag tourism, communist tourism, battlefield tourism, militarism heritage tourism, atomic tourism. The examination carried out led to two fundamental conclusions. First and foremost, those forms of tourism which until very recently have not been known or have been considered niche are becoming more and more popular now. The number of such activities being currently offered by travel agencies is on the rise, which is a response to contemporary tourists' pursuit of unique experiences. Second, the analysis of resources available on top scientific publication databases demonstrated that the level of recognition of respective forms of tourism in literature is diversified - with some attracting considerable interest, and others receiving only scant attention. In several cases, research gaps were identified, relating to topics which have not been covered by any article or have been referred to only in a few scientific papers that present the results of theoretical discussions and empirical research showing close relationships between experience marketing and chosen forms of tourism. (original abstract)
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Strony
26--33
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Cracow University of Economics
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171571719

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