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Czasopismo
2019 | 8(2) | 25--31
Tytuł artykułu

The Analogy in Decision-Making and the Implicit Association Bias Effect

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The author stands that thinking by analogy is a natural instrument human have because of the mirror neurons in our brain. However, is it that infallible to rely on? How can we be sure that our hidden biases will not harm our reflections? Implicit Association Bias (IAB), for instance, is a powerful intruder that affects our understanding, actions, and decisions on the unconscious level by cherishing the stereotypes based on specific characteristics such as ethnicity, sex, race, and so on. To check if there is a correlation between the IAB effect and the people's capacity to reason logically, the author had created an onlinesurvey. The focus was on analogical reasoning and IAB tests concerning the question of gender equality in science and everyday life and age prejudices. (original abstract)
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
Strony
25--31
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
Bibliografia
  • Breuning, M. The Role of Analogies and Abstract Reasoning in Decision-Making: Evidence from the Debate over Truman's Proposal for Development Assistance, International Studies Quarterly 47 (2), 2003, pp. 229-245.
  • Brunel, F., Tietje, B., Greenwald, A. Is the Implicit Association Test a Valid and Valuable Measure of Implicit Consumer Social Cognition? 2003.
  • Gentner, D., & Loewenstein, J. Learning: Analogical Reasoning. Encyclopedia of Education, Second Edition, New York: Macmillia, 2003.
  • Gentner, D. & Maravilla, F. Analogical reasoning, In L. J. Ball, V. A. Thompson (eds.), International Handbook of Thinking & Reasoning, New York: Psychology Press, 2018, pp. 186-203.
  • Gentner, D. & Smith, L. Analogical reasoning, In V. S. Ramachandran (ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Behavior (2nd Ed.), Oxford: Elsevier, 2012, pp. 130-136.
  • Gick, M., Holyoak, K. J. Analogical Problem Solving, Cognitive Psychology 12, 1980, pp. 306-355.
  • Holroyd, J., Kelly, D. Implicit Bias, Character, and Control, Personality to Virtue, Oxford University Press, 2014.
  • Holyoak, K. J. Analogy and relational reasoning, In K. J. Holyoak, R. G. Morrison (eds.), The Oxford handbook of thinking and reasoning, New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, pp. 234-259.
  • Holyoak, K. J. & Thagard, P. The Analogical Mind, American Psychologist 52 (1), 1997, pp. 35-44.
  • Hristova, P. Unconscious Analogical Mapping? New Bulgarian University 2009, pp. 655-660.
  • Jost, J. T., Rudman, L. A., Blair, I. V., et al. The existence of implicit bias is beyond reasonable doubt. Review, Research in Organizational Behavior 29, 2009, pp. 39-69.
  • Kahneman, D. Thinking Fast and Slow, New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2011.
  • Kokinov, B. Analogy in decision-making, social interaction, and emergent rationality, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2003.
  • Miemis, V. Essential Skills for 21st Century Survival: Part I: Pattern Recognition, Retrieved from: https://emergentbydesign.com/2010/04/05/essential-skills-for-21st-century-survival-part-i-patternrecognition/.
  • Nagai, A. The Implicit Association Test: Flawed Science Tricks Americans into Believing They Are Unconscious Racists, Special Report no 196, The Heritage Foundation, 2017.
  • Reva, N. Logic, Reasoning, Decision-Making, Future Human Image 10, 2018, pp. 76-84.
  • Young, S. A Brief Guide to Learning Faster (and Better), 2011, Retrieved from: https://www.scotthyoung.com/blog/2011/01/11/learn-faster-and-better/.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171572450

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