Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2019 | 15 | nr 2 Immigrant Entrepreneurship: New Research Trends and Challenges | 57--84
Tytuł artykułu

A Factual Analysis of Sustainable Opportunity Recognition of Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Finnish Lapland : Theories and Practice

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Przedsiębiorcy imigranci funkcjonujący na terenie arktycznej Laponii znajdują się w niekorzystnej sytuacji. Według dotychczasowych badań (Yeasmin, 2016) istnieje wiele czynników, które utrudniają zrównoważony rozwój firm należących do imigrantów. Są to brak wiedzy społeczno-ekonomicznej i politycznej. Poszerzanie wiedzy, łączenie silnych i słabych więzi (Granovetter, 1973) mogą pozytywnie wpływać na rozwój biznesu. Zrównoważone praktyki przedsiębiorczości imigrantów wymagają legitymizacji między działaniami przedsiębiorczymi a uznawaniem możliwości. Badania nad zrównoważoną przedsiębiorczością imigrantów są na razie początkującym obszarem badawczym i trudno jest stworzyć jeden model potencjału wzrostu przedsiębiorczości imigrantów w Laponii (Yeasmin, 2016). Dlatego celem tego badania jest stworzenie zintegrowanej wartości dla przedsiębiorców-imigrantów poprzez połączenie CSR i teorii zakorzenienia oraz znalezienie alternatywnej koncepcji w celu zrozumienia czynników, które mogą podtrzymywać funkcjonowanie mikroprzedsiębiorstw należących do imigrantów w Laponii. Badanie to dowodzi, że stopień rozwinięcia CSR można rozpatrywać jako czynnik wspierający strategię instytucjonalną, społeczną i gospodarczą. W badaniu Autorzy skupiają się na czynnikach adaptacyjnych, które przedsiębiorcy-imigranci stosują, aby przetrwać i osiągać sukces przedsiębiorczy. (abstrakt oryginalny)
Immigrant entrepreneurs are in a disadvantaged position in the Arctic Lapland. According to previous studies (see Yeasmin, 2016), there are many factors that hinder the sustainability of immigrant business. Immigrant entrepreneurs lack socioeconomic and political knowledge along with many other hindrances. Broadening knowledge and combining strong and weak ties (Granovetter, 1985) are positive factors among many other mixed factors relating to operating a business successfully. Sustainable immigrant entrepreneurship practices require legitimacy between entrepreneurial actions and opportunity recognition. Research on sustainable immigrant entrepreneurship does not fit into a single literature body and it is difficult to make a single model for the growth potential of immigrant entrepreneurship in Lapland (Yeasmin, 2016). Therefore, the focus of this study is to create an integrated value for immigrant entrepreneurs by combining the CSR theory and mix embeddedness theory, and find an alternative concept of practice for understanding the drivers that can sustain the micro businesses of immigrants in Lapland and can give an explanation on opportunities recognition which can be embedded so as to get access to the necessary entrepreneurial capital (local, regional or national). This study argues that the degree of CSR embeddedness could be developed as a component of mixed embeddedness supports the discovery of institutional, social and economic opportunity strategy amongst immigrant entrepreneurs. Conceptually, this study explores adaptive factors that immigrant entrepreneurs are determined to embed (whether knowingly) as mixed practices that create entrepreneurial success. (original abstract)
  • University of Lapland, Finland
  • University of Lapland, Finland
  • Azmat, F., & Samaratunge, R. (2009). Responsible entrepreneurship in developing countries: Understanding the realities and complexities. Journal of Business Ethics, 90(3), 437-52.
  • Azmat, F., & Zutshi, A. (2012). Influence of home country culture and regulatory environment on corporate social responsibility (CSR) perceptions: The case of Sri Lankan immigrant entrepreneurs. Thunderbird International Business Review, 54(1), 15-27.
  • Baycan-Levent, T., Nijkamp, P. (2009). Characteristics of migrant entrepreneurship in Europe. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 21(4), 375-397.
  • Beekun, R.I., & Badawi, J.A. (2005). Balancing ethical responsibility among multiple organizational stakeholders: The Islamic perspective. Journal of Business Ethics, 60, 131-145.
  • Bennet, D. & Bennet, A. (2008). The depth of knowledge: Surface, shallow or deep? VINE, 38(4), 405-42.
  • Coombs, W.T., & Holladay, S.J. (2012). Managing Corporate Social Responsibility: A Communication Approach. West Sussex: Wiley-Backwell.
  • Crane, A., Matten, D., & Moon, J. (2004). Stakeholders as citizens? Rethinking rights, participation, and democracy. Journal of Business Ethics, 53, 107-122.
  • Davis, K. (1960) Can business afford to ignore corporate social responsibilities?. California Management Review, 2, 70-76.
  • Den Hond, F., & De Bakker, F.G. (2007). Ideologically motivated activism: How activist groups influence corporate social change activities. Academy of Management Review, 32, 901-924
  • Donaldson, T., & Thomas, W.D. (2000). Precis for ties that bind. Business and Society, 105, 436- 444.
  • Elfring, T., & Hulsink, W. (2004). The Strong versus weak tie effect on entrepreneurial processes: ICT-Start-ups in the Netherlands. Retrieved from
  • European Commission. (2003). Building the Information Society in Europe: A Pathway Approach to Employment Interventions for Disadvantaged Groups. Dublin: Itech Research.
  • European Commission. (2012). Enterprise and Industry SME Definition. Retrieved 21 February, 2012, from policies/sme/facts-figures- analysis/sme-definition/index_en.htm
  • Frederick, H.H. (2006). Global entrepreneurship monitor, Aotearoa New Zealand. Unitec School of Management & Entrepreneurship Research Report Series. Unitec New Zealand: Auckland, Retrieved from www.
  • Frederick, H.H. (2008) Introduction to special issue on indigenous entrepreneurs, Journal of Enterprising Communities, 2(3), 185-191.
  • Garriga, E., & Mele, D. (2004). Corporate social responsibility theories: Mapping the territory. Journal of Business Ethics, 53, 51-71.
  • Giddens, A. (1984). The Constitution of Society. Berkeley, California, USA: University of California Press.
  • Gj0lberg, M. (2010). Varieties of corporate social responsibility (CSR): CSR meets the "Nordic Model." Regulation and Governance, 4, 203-229.
  • Goodpaster, K.E. (1999). Bridging East and West in management ethics: Kyosei and the moral point of view. In G. Enderle (Ed.), International Business Ethics. Challenges and Approaches (pp. 151-159). France: University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame.
  • Granovetter, M. (1985). Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology, 91(3), 481-510.
  • Granovetter, M. (2005). The impact of social structure on economic outcomes. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 19, 33-50.
  • Granovetter, M. (1973). The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78(6),1360- 1380.
  • Hamilton, R., Dana, L-P., & Benfell, C. (2008). Changing cultures: An international study of migrant entrepreneurs. Journal of Enterprising Culture, 16(1), 89-105.
  • Handelman, J.M. (2006). Corporate identity and the societal constituent. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 34, 107-114.
  • Hermes, K., & Leicht, R. (2010). Scope and characteristics of immigrant entrepreneurship in Europe. A cross-national comparison of European countries. Retrieved 28 January,2018, from https://www.gesis. org/fileadmin/upload/institut/wiss_arbeitsbereiche/gml/ Veranstaltungen/5.NK_2007/Papers/Hermes_Leicht.pdf
  • Hjerm, M. (2004). Immigrant entrepreneurship in the Swedish welfare state. Sociology, 38(4),739-56.
  • Jack, S.L. (2005). The role, use and activation of strong and weak network ties: A qualitative analysis. Journal of Management Studies, 42(6), 1233-59.
  • Jenkins, H. (2006). Small business champions for corporate social responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 67(3), 241-56.
  • Juholin, E. (2004). For business of the good of all? A Finnish approach to corporate social responsibility. Corporate Governance, 4(3), 20-31.
  • Kaku, R. (1997). The path of Kyosei. Harvard Business Review, 75(4), 55-62.
  • Kaptein, M., & Van Tulder, R. (2003). Toward effective stakeholder dialogue. Business and Society Review, 108, 203-225.
  • Keinert, C. (2008). Corporate Social Responsibility as an International Strategy. Germany: Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg.
  • Kloosterman, R., & Rath, J. (1999). Mixed embeddedness. (In)formal economic activities and immigrant business in the Netherlands. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 23(2), 253- 267.
  • Kloosterman, R., & Rath, J. (2001). Immigrant entrepreneurs in advanced economies: Mixed embeddedness further explored. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 27,189-202.
  • Kloosterman, R. (2010). Matching opportunities with resources: A framework for analysis (migrant) entrepreneurship from a mixed embeddedness perspective. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 22(1), 25-45.
  • Kotler, P., & Lee, N. (2005). Corporate Social Responsibility: Doing Most Good for Your Company and Your Cause. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons. Inc.
  • Mahon, J.F., & McGowan, R.A. (1991). Searching for the common good: A process-oriented approach. Business Horizons, 34(4), 79-87.
  • Mele, D. (2002) Not only Stakeholder Interests. The Firm Oriented toward the Common Good. France: University of Notre Dame Press.
  • Migration Policy Group (2002). Supplier diversity-the case of immigrant and ethnic minority enterprises. Paper prepared for the Transatlantic Round Table on Supplier Diversity. Brussels, Belgium.
  • MIT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2011). Sustainability: The 'embracers' seize the advantage. MIT Sloan Management Review. Retrieved from http://c0426007.cdn2. MIT- SMR-BCG-sustainability-the-embracers-seize-advantage-2011.pdf
  • Moravakova, K., Stefanikova, L., & Rypakova, M. (2015). CSR reporting as an important tool of CSR communication. Procedia Economic and Finance, 26, 332-338.
  • Mohamed, A., & Leponiemi, J. (2009). Immigrant workers' induction training in Finland: Case Petmo project. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 20(3), 278-289,
  • Nelson, J., & Prescott, D., (2003). Business and the millennium development goals: A framework for action. International Business Leaders Forum. Retrieved from files/business_and_the_millennium_development_goals.pdf
  • Pirsch, J.., Gupta, S., & Grau, S.L. (2007). A framework for understanding corporate social responsibility programs as a continuum: An exploratory study. Journal of Business Ethics, 70, 125-140.
  • Polanyi, K. (1968). The economy as instituted process. In E. LeClair & H. Schneider (Eds). Economic Anthropology (p. 126). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
  • Portes, A. (1995). Transnational communities, their emergence and significance in the contemporary world system. Working paper series
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.