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2019 | nr 3 (70) | 18--33
Tytuł artykułu

The Circular Plastics Economy and The Instruments to Implement it

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The purpose of this paper is the identifi cation and analysis of the multidimensional consequences of implementing the concept of circular plastics economy in reality. The paper presents the concept of plastics and the history of development of the plastics industry. Selected negative environmental consequences of plastics consumption were indicated. This paper shows a rationale behind and key objectives of the Strategy for the plastics in a Circular Economy. It discusses the essence and scope of circular plastics economy. The proposed instruments for implementing the concept of circular plastics economy and the consequences of their application have been characterized in an integrated way. The paper attempts to answer the question whether and to what extent EU actions contribute to solving global environmental problems (oceans pollution, chemicals contaminations of waters and soils, destruction of ecosystems and landscapes). This paper is based on literature reviews and documents published by the European Commission. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
18--33
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • Pedagogical University of Cracow
Bibliografia
  • Literature Bellis M. (2006), The History of Polyester, http://inventors.about.com [30-05-2019]
  • Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, A European Strategy for Plastics in a Circular Economy, COM(2018)28 final
  • Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Closing the loop - An EU action plan for the Circular Economy, COM(2015) 614 final
  • Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption, OJ L 330
  • Directive (EU) 2018/853 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste, OJ L 150/141
  • Directive (EU) 2019/904 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 June 2019 on the reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment, OJ L155/1
  • DuPont, Our history, http://www2.dupont.com/Phoenix_Heritage/en_US/1939_c_ detail.html [29-05-2019]
  • Environment 2018 (2018), GUS, Warsaw
  • European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste, OJ L 365
  • Geyer R. et al. (2017), Production, use, and fate of all plastics ever made, "Science Advances" Vol. 3, No. 7, e1700782, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1700782 [30-05-2019]
  • Jambeck J.R. et al. (2015), Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean, "Science" Vol. 347 Issue 6223, p. 768-771
  • Lebreton L. et al. (2017), River plastic emissions to the world's oceans, "Nature Communications" No. 15611, http://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms15611
  • Lebreton L. et al. (2018), Evidence that the Great Paciic Garbage Patch is rapidly accumulating plastic, "Scientiic Reports" No. 4666, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598 -018-22939-w
  • Obłój-Muzaj M. et al. (1997), Polichlorek winylu, Wyd. Naukowo-Techniczne, Warszawa
  • Patorska J., Paca D. (2017), Analiza możliwości wprowadzenia systemu kaucyjnego opakowań, Deloitte, opracowanie na zlecenie GDOŚ, Warszawa
  • Piontek W., Pokrywka T. (2019), Systemowa rewolucja, in: Energia i recykling. Gospodarka obiegu zamknietego, No. 5(17)
  • Plastics - the Facts (2018), An analysis of European plastics production, demand and waste data, PlasticsEurope AISBL, www.plasticseurope.org [29-05-2019]
  • Plastics' contribution to climate protection, PlasticsEurope AISBL, www.plasticseurope.org [29-05-2019]
  • Proposal for a Council Decision on the system of Own Resources of the European Union, COM(2018) 325 inal/ 2018/0135 (CNS)
  • Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment, COM(2018) 340 inal/ 2018/0172 (COD)
  • Sax L. (2009), Polyethylene Terephthalate May Yield Endocrine Disruptors, Environmental Health Perspectives, http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/0901253 [30-05-2019]
  • Statistical Yearbook of Industry - Poland (2018), GUS, Warsaw
  • The Ocean Cleanup, https://theoceancleanup.com/great-paciic-garbage-patch/ [30-05-2019]
  • Trossarelli L., Brunella V. (2003), Polyethylene: discovery and growth, Dipartimento di Chimica IFM dell'Università di Torino Via Pietro Giuria 7, 10125 Torino (Italy), https://www.researchgate.net/publication228813221 [30-05-2019]
  • Wasilewski R., Siudyga T. (2013), Odzysk energetyczny odpadowych tworzyw sztucznych, "CHEMIK" No. 67(5), p. 435-445
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171572994

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