PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2019 | nr 3 (70) | 36--54
Tytuł artykułu

Directions of Management of Municipal Sewage Sludge in the European Union

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The purpose of this article is to compare sludge management trends between selected EU-15 and EU-12 countries on the basis of statistical data to determine trends and formulate conclusions for countries adopted after 2004. The analysis relied on the analysis of changes in legal regulations, international literature and the analysis of statistical data from EUROSTAT. Unfortunately, incomplete statistical data limited the number of analyzed countries, however, it was possible to draw conclusions. Sludge management is an extremely complex issue, affects not only water and sewage management and waste management, but also concerns the issues of agriculture (fertilizers) and energy. A very important part of the issues is technological progress, and therefore research and development. Improper management of sewage sludge will in the long run lead to increasing costs of wastewater treatment, while modern technologies allow for the recovery of both energy and raw materials. The law in principle ruled out the possibility of storage and limited the agricultural use of unprocessed sewage sludge, thus one should choose the optimal development directions of the sector. Possible areas of action are burning with recovery of energy and raw materials from ashes or organic recycling, i.e. composting with recovery of energy and heat and using the resulting fertilizer. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
36--54
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • University of Economics in Cracow, Poland
Bibliografia
  • EU (1986), Council Directive of 12 June 1986 on the protection of the environment, and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture (86/278/ EEC), Oficial Journal L 181, 04/07/1986 P. 0006 - 0012
  • EU (2001), 2001/118/EC: Commission Decision of 16 January 2001 amending Decision 2000/532/EC as regards the list of wastes (notiied under document number C(2001) 108), OJ L 47, 16.2.2001, p. 1-31
  • Milieu Ltd, WRc and RPA for the European Commission, DG Environment (2010), Final Report, Part II: Report on Options and Impacts-Environmental, economic and social impacts of the use of sewage sludge on land, http://ec.europa.eu/environment/archives/waste/sludge/pdf/part_ii_report.pdf [09-11-2018]
  • Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (2017), HELCOM Recommendation 38/1
  • Eurostat (2018a), Eurostat - Population change - Demographic balance and crude rates at national level [demo_gind], http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/ show.do?dataset=demo_gind&lang=en [09-11-2018]
  • Eurostat (2018b), Eurostat - Population connected to wastewater treatment plants [env_ww_con], http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=env_ ww_con&lang=en [09-11-2018]
  • Eurostat (2018c), Eurostat - Treatment capacity of wastewater treatment plants, in terms of BOD5 [env_ww_cap], http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show. do?dataset=env_ww_cap&lang=en [09-11-2018]
  • Eurostat (2018d), Eurostat - Wastewater treatment plants by treatment level [env_ ww_plt], http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=env_ww_ plt&lang=en [09-11-2018]
  • Eurostat (2018e), Eurostat - Sewage sludge production and disposal from urban wastewater [env_ww_spd], http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/tgm/refreshTableAction.do? tab=table&plugin=1&pcode=ten00030&language=en [03-01-2018]
  • Eurostat (2018f), Water statistics on national level, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ cache/metadata/en/env_nwat_esms.html [09-11-2018]
  • EU (1974), Decyzja 94/156/WE w sprawie przystąpienia Wspólnoty do Konwencji o ochronie Środowiska Morskiego obszaru Morza Bałtyckiego (Konwencja Helsińska z 1974 r.)
  • EU (1998b), Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives, Dz.U. L 312 z 22.11.2008, p. 3-30
  • Ustawa z dnia 14 grudnia 2012 r. o odpadach, Dz.U. 2013 poz. 21
  • Bień J. et al. (2014), Ekspertyza, która będzie stanowić materiał bazowy do opracowania strategii postępowania z komunalnymi osadami ściekowymi na lata 2014-2020
  • Fijałkowski K. et al. (2017), The Presence of Contaminations in Sewage Sludge - The Current Situation, "Journal of Environmental Management" No. 203, p. 1126-36, DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.05.068
  • Górski M. (2018), Prawo ochrony środowiska. 3, Wolters Kluwer, Warszawa
  • Grace M.A. et al. (2016), The Potential for the Use of Waste Products from a Variety of Sectors in Water Treatment Processes, "Journal of Cleaner Production" No. 137, p. 788-802, DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.07.113
  • Kelessidis A., Athanasios S.S. (2012), Comparative Study of the Methods Used for Treatment and Final Disposal of Sewage Sludge in European Countries, "Waste Management" No. 32(6), p. 1186-95, DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2012.01.012
  • Makisha N. (2016), Waste Water and Biogas - Ecology and Economy, "Procedia Engineering" No. 165, p. 1092-97, DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.11.824
  • Pająk T. (2013), Thermal Treatment as Sustainable Sewage Sludge Management, "Environment Protection Engineering" No. 2 Vol. 39, DOI: 10.5277/EPE130205
  • Podewils W. (2016), Aktualne dane statystyczne dotyczące utylizacji osadów ściekowych w Niemczech, "Wodociągi i Kanalizacja"
  • Radecki W. (2016), Ustawa o odpadach - Komentarz. 4, Wolters Kluwer, Warszawa
  • Raghuvanshi S. (2017), Waste Water Treatment Plant Life Cycle Assessment: Treatment Process to Reuse of Water, "Procedia CIRP" No. 61, p. 761-66, DOI: 10.1016/ j.procir.2016.11.170
  • Raheem A. (2018), Opportunities and Challenges in Sustainable Treatment and Resource Reuse of Sewage Sludge: A Review, "Chemical Engineering Journal" No. 337, p. 616-41, DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2017.12.149
  • Wójtowicz A. (2013), Modelowe rozwiązania w gospodarce osadowej, Izba Gospodarcza "Wodociągi Polskie" oraz Stowarzyszenie Eksploatatorów Obiektów Gospodarki Wodno-Ściekowej, Bydgoszcz
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171573022

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.