Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2019 | nr 2 (43) | 191--211
Tytuł artykułu

Assessment of the Economic Impact of the Meetings Industry on the City of Krakow

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The academic world has long endeavoured to make a meaningful contribution to the challenge of measuring the economic impacts of meetings. Existing reviews of the business tourism literature demonstrate that the economic impact of events and meetings is among the crucial themes that have emerged as key research topics in academia. The main aim of the research was an assessment of the impact of the meetings industry on the economy of Krakow. The results are expressed as overall values - comprising direct, indirect and induced effects. The study has used a thorough literature review to identify the best methodology for calculating the impact on the city level. The project consisted in the pilot study and afterwards the main survey method (five different questionnaires were used) which enabled the gathering of the empirical data necessary for the analysis of the economic impact of Krakow's meetings industry. The calculated input of the meetings industry to the city's economy is significant, considering how complex Krakow's economy is. This was the first assessment of the significance of the meetings industry for a city in Central Europe.(original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • Cracow University of Economic
  • Cracow University of Economics, Poland
  • Cracow University of Economic
  • Cracow University of Economic
  • MICE Knowledge, London, United Kingdom.
  • Cracow University of Economic
  • Borodako, K., Berbeka, J., Rudnicki, M., The potential of local KIBS companies as a determinant of the development of tourism in Krakow, Tourism Economics: The Business and Finance of Tourism and Recreation, Vol. 20, No. 6, 2014, pp. 1337-1348, 2014.
  • Borodako, K., Berbeka, J., Niemczyk, A., Seweryn, R., Influence of the meetings industry on the economy of Kraków, Foundation of the Cracow University of Economics, Kraków 2014 [e-publication:, accessed on 22.09.2017].
  • Celuch, K., Poland Meetings and Events Industry Report 2014, PCB POT, Warsaw 2014.
  • Connell, J., Page, J. S., Evaluating the Economic and Spatial Effects of an Event: The Case of the World Medical and Health Games, "Tourism Geographies", 7(1), pp. 63-85, 2005.
  • Dwyer, L., Forsyth, P., MICE tourism to Australia: a framework to assess impacts. Australian Tourism and Hospitality Research Conference, Coffs Harbor, NSW, pp. 313-23, 1996.
  • Dwyer, L., Forsyth, P., Impact and benefits of MICE tourism: A framework for analysis, "Tourism Economics", 3(1), pp. 21-38, 1997.
  • Dwyer, L., Mellor, R., Mistilis, N., Mules, T., A framework for assessing 'tangible' and 'intangible' impacts of events and conventions, "Event Management", 6(3), pp. 175-189, 2000.
  • Grado, S.C., Strauss, H. C., Load, E. B., Economic impacts of conferences and conventions, "Journal of Convention and Exhibition Management", 1(1), pp. 19-33, 1998.
  • ICCA, 2015. Measuring the economic impact of the meetings industry http://www.iccaworld. com/cdps/cditem.cfm?nid=5173, accessed: 14 July 2015.
  • Jago, L., The Value of Business Events, Tourism & Business Events International, 2012.
  • Ji, M., Li, M., King, B., The Impacts of China's new free-trade zones on Hong Kong tourism, "Journal of Destination Marketing and Management", 4 (4), pp. 203-205, 2015.
  • Jones, C., Li, S., The economic importance of meetings and conferences: A satellite account approach, "Annals of Tourism Research", 52, pp. 117-133, 2015.
  • Kayat K., Sharif, M. N., Karnchanan, P., Individual and Collective Impacts and Residents' Perceptions of Tourism, "Tourism Geographies", 15(4), pp. 640-653, 2013.
  • Kim, S. S., Chon, K., Chung, K., The convention industry in South Korea: an economic impact analysis, "Tourism Management", 24(5), pp. 533-541, 2003.
  • Kock, G., Breiter, D., Hara, T., DiPietro, B. R., Proposing a regional impact based feasibility studies framework for convention centres: a quantitative analysis of the Orange County Convention Centre (OCCC), "Journal of Convention & Event Tourism", 9(4), pp. 309-340, 2008.
  • Landefeld J. S., 2006, Gross Domestic Product by State Estimation Methodology, U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis,, accessed: 12 November 2015.
  • Lee, M. J., Analytical reflections on the economic impact assessment of conventions and special events, "Journal of Convention & Event Tourism", 8(3), pp. 71-85, 2007.
  • Mair, J., A review of business events literature, "Event Management", 16(2), pp. 133-141, 2012.
  • Niemczyk, A., Seweryn, R., Tourism multiplier in Poland as a region in united Europe (attempt of measurement) [in:] Gołembski, G. (ed.), Tourism as a factor for regional competitiveness growth in a globalizing world. Akademia Ekonomiczna w Poznaniu, Poznan 2008.
  • Gross Domestic Product - Regional Accounts in 2011. GUS/US Katowice, Katowice 2013.
  • Smith, G. V., The growth of conferences and incentives [in:] Quest, M. (ed.), Horwath Book of Tourism. Macmillan, London 1990.
  • UNWTO, Measuring the Economic Importance of the Meetings Industry - Developing a Tourism Satellite Account Extension, United Nations World Tourism Organisation, 2006.
  • Yang, L., Gu, Z., Capacity optimization analysis for the MICE industry in Las Vegas, "International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management", 24(2), pp. 335-349, 2012.
  • Noh J., Park, J., Sung, H., Lee, I., Oh, Y., 2005. The economy of convention tourism, SNU Tourism Team,, accessed: 12 November 2015.
  • London City Hall, 2013. Documents/2013/Conventions-Meetings-Events-2013.pdf, accessed: 6 November 2015.
  • Landefeld J. S., Gross Domestic Product by State Estimation Methodology, U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis,, 2006.
  • Sánchez-Rivero, M., Cárdenas-García, P. J., Population characteristics and the impact of tourism on economic development, "Tourism Geographies" 16(4), pp. 615-635, 2014.
  • VCB, 2013. Vienna Meetings Industry Report 2013, Vienna Convention Bureau,, accessed: 10 September 2015.
  • Xu G., Socio-economic impacts of domestic tourism in China: Case studies in Guilin, Suzhou and Beidaihe, "Tourism Geographies" 1(2), pp. 204-218, 1999.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.