Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2019 | 7 | nr 4 | 7--20
Tytuł artykułu

The Role of Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy on the Entrepreneurial Intentions of Graduate Students : a Study among Omani Graduates

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Objective: The objective of this research is to study the entrepreneurial intention of Omani graduate students by introducing self-efficacy as a mediating variable in Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT).

Research Design & Methods: Two hundred and sixty-three Omani graduate students were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. An entrepreneurial intention model was developed and tested using AMOS.

Findings: The results revealed that the effect of self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial intention of graduate students was fully mediated by entrepreneurial self-efficacy. At the same time, the direct effect of self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intention was not established.

Implications & Recommendations: The research informs policymakers and academicians in Oman to develop sustainable entrepreneurship courses to nurture entrepreneurship based on the measures of self-efficacy and entrepreneurial self-efficacy.

Contribution & Value Added: This research contributes to the Social Cognitive Career Theory by including entrepreneurial self-efficacy as a mediating variable, thus providing a new scope with the study of entrepreneurial intention among Omani graduate students. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • Majan University College
  • Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211.
  • Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (2000). Attitudes and the attitude-behavior relation: Reasoned and automatic processes. European Review of Social Psychology, 11(1), 1-33.
  • Aloulou, W.J. (2015). Entrepreneurial intention among freshmen students-application of the theory of planned behaviour in Saudi context. Journal of Enterprising Culture, 23(04), 473-500. JSBED-02-2016-0028
  • Austin, M.J., & Nauta, M.M. (2016). Entrepreneurial role-model exposure, self-efficacy, and women's entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Career Development, 43(3), 260-272.
  • Bandura, A. (2002). Social cognitive theory in cultural context. Applied Psychology, 51(2), 269-290.
  • Bandura, A. (2012). On the functional properties of perceived self-efficacy revisited. Journal of Management, 38(1), 9-44.
  • BarNir, A., Watson, W.E., & Hutchins, H.M. (2011). Mediation and moderated mediation in the relationship among role models, self-efficacy, entrepreneurial career intention, and gender. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41(2), 270-297.
  • Bayrón, C.E. (2013). Social cognitive theory, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intentions: Tools to maximize the effectiveness of formal entrepreneurship education and address the decline in entrepreneurial activity. Griot, 6(1), 66-77.
  • Belwal, R., Al Balushi, H., & Belwal, S. (2015). Students' perception of entrepreneurship and enterprise education in Oman. Education+ Training, 57(8/9), 924-947.
  • Boyd, N.G., & Vozikis, G.S. (1994). The influence of self-efficacy on the development of entrepreneurial intentions and actions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 18(4), 63-77.
  • Chen, C.C., Greene, P.G., & Crick, A. (1998). Does entrepreneurial self-efficacy distinguish entrepreneurs from managers?. Journal of Business Venturing, 13(4), 295-316. 10.1016/S0883-9026(97)00029
  • Chen, G., Gully, S.M., & Eden, D. (2001). Validation of a new general self-efficacy scale. Organizational Research Methods, 4(1), 62-83. 10.1177/109442810141004
  • Davey, T., Plewa, C., & Struwig, M. (2011). Entrepreneurship perceptions and career intentions of international students. Education+ Training, 53(5), 335-352.
  • Dinis, A., do Paco, A., Ferreira, J., Raposo, M., & Gouveia Rodrigues, R. (2013). Psychological characteristics and entrepreneurial intentions among secondary students. Education+ Training, 55(8/9), 763-780.
  • do Paço, A.M.F., Ferreira, J.M., Raposo, M., Rodrigues, R.G., & Dinis, A. (2011). Behaviours and entrepreneurial intention: Empirical findings about secondary students. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 9(1), 20-38.
  • Doran, J., McCarthy, N., & Marie O'Connor. (2018). The role of entrepreneurship in stimulating economic growth in developed and developing countries. Cogent Economics & Finance, 6(1).
  • Fietze, S., & Boyd, B. (2017). Entrepreneurial intention of Danish students: a correspondence analysis. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 23(4), 656-672.
  • Hafer, R.W. (2013). Entrepreneurship and state economic growth. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, 2(1), 67-79.
  • Issa, J.H. (2016).The Impediments Facing Community Engagement in Omani Educational Tertiary Institutions. International Education Studies, 9(9), 133-145.
  • Jansen, K.J. (2004). From persistence to pursuit: A longitudinal examination of momentum during the early stages of strategic change. Organization Science, 15(3), 276-294.
  • Kristiansen, S., & Indarti, N. (2004). Entrepreneurial intention among Indonesian and Norwegian students. Journal of Enterprising Culture, 12(01), 55-78.
  • Krueger Jr, N.F., Reilly, M.D., & Carsrud, A.L. (2000). Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 15(5-6), 411-432.
  • Laguna, M. (2013). Self-efficacy, self-esteem, and entrepreneurship among the unemployed. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43(2), 253-262.
  • Locke, E.A., & Baum, J.R. (2007). Entrepreneurial motivation. In J.R. Baum, M. Frese, & R. Baron (Eds.), The psychology of entrepreneurship (pp. 93-112). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Lent, R.W., Brown, S.D., & Hackett, G. (1994). Toward a unifying social cognitive theory of career and academic interest, choice, and performance. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 45(1), 79-122.
  • Lent, R.W., Brown, S.D., & Hackett, G. (2000). Contextual supports and barriers to career choice: A social cognitive analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47(1), 36.
  • Lent, R.W., Brown, S.D., & Hackett, G. (2002). Social cognitive career theory in Brown, D & Associates (Eds). (2002). Career Choice and Development (4th Edn). John Wiley & Sons.
  • Liguori, E.W., Bendickson, J.S., & McDowell, W.C. (2018). Revisiting entrepreneurial intentions: a social cognitive career theory approach. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 14(1) (2018) 67-78.
  • Liñán, F., & Chen, Y.W. (2009). Development and cross-cultural application of a specific instrument to measure entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(3), 593-617.
  • Luszczynska, A., Scholz, U., & Schwarzer, R. (2005). The general self-efficacy scale: multicultural validation studies. The Journal of Psychology, 139(5), 439-457.
  • McGee, J.E., Peterson, M., Mueller, S.L., & Sequeira, J.M. (2009). Entrepreneurial self-efficacy: refining the measure. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(4), 965-988.
  • Nabi, G., & Holden, R. (2008) Graduate entrepreneurship: intentions, education and training. Education and Training, 50(7), 545-51.
  • Naktiyok, A., Karabey, C.N., & Gulluce, A.C. (2010.) Entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention: the Turkish case. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 6(4), 419-435.
  • Newman, A., Obschonka, M., Schwarz, S., Cohen, M., & Nielsen, I. (2019). Entrepreneurial self-efficacy: A systematic review of the literature on its theoretical foundations, measurement, antecedents, and outcomes, and an agenda for future research. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 110, 403-419.
  • Odoardi, C., Galletta, M., Battistelli, A., & Cangialosi, N. (2019). Effects of beliefs, motivation and entrepreneurial self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intentions: The moderating role of family support. Roczniki Psychologiczne/Annals of Psychology, 21(3), 185-205.
  • Pihie, Z.A.L., & Bagheri, A. (2013). Self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention: The mediation effect of self-regulation. Vocations and Learning, 6(3), 385-401.
  • Piperopoulos, P., & Dimov, D. (2015). Burst bubbles or build steam? Entrepreneurship education, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Small Business Management, 53(4), 970-985.
  • Pittaway, L., Rodriguez-Falcon, E., Aiyegbayo, O., & King, A. (2011). The role of entrepreneurship clubs and societies in entrepreneurial learning. International Small Business Journal, 29(1), 37-57.
  • Kayed, R.N., & Kabir Hassan, M. (2011). Saudi Arabia's economic development: entrepreneurship as a strategy. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 4(1), 52-73.
  • Ren, Z.Y., Ping, L.I., & Li, Y.X. (2018, August). The Relationship between Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention. In 2018 International Conference on Management Science and Engineering (ICMSE), IEEE, 517-522.
  • Saberi, M., & Hamdan, A. (2019). The moderating role of governmental support in the relationship between entrepreneurship and economic growth. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 11(2), 200-216.
  • Segal, G., Borgia, D., & Schoenfeld, J. (2002). Using social cognitive career theory to predict selfemployment goals. New England Journal of Entrepreneurship, 5(2), 47-56.
  • Sequeira, J., Mueller, S.L., & McGee, J.E. (2007). The influence of social ties and self-efficacy in forming entrepreneurial intentions and motivating nascent behavior. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 12(03), 275-293.
  • Sušanj, Z., Jakopec, A., & Miljković Krečar, I. (2015). Verifying the model of predicting entrepreneurial intention among students of business and non-business orientation. Management: Journal of Contemporary Management Issues, 20(2), 49-69.
  • Thurik, R., & Wennekers, S. (2004). Entrepreneurship, small business and economic growth. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 11(1), 140-149.
  • Van Gelderen, M., Brand, M., van Praag, M., Bodewes, W., Poutsma, E., & Van Gils, A. (2008). Explaining entrepreneurial intentions by means of the theory of planned behaviour. Career Development International, 13(6), 538-559.
  • Wilson, F., Kickul, J., & Marlino, D. (2007). Gender, Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy, and Entrepreneurial Career Intentions: Implications for Entrepreneurship Education. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31(3), 387-406.
  • Wood, R., & Bandura, A. (1989). Social cognitive theory of organizational management. Academy of Management Review, 14(3), 361-384.
  • Wu, S., Matthews, L., & Dagher, G.K. (2007). Need for achievement, business goals, and entrepreneurial persistence. Management Research News, 30(12), 928-941.
  • Wu, L., & Li, J. (2011). Perceived value of entrepreneurship: A study of the cognitive process of entrepreneurial career decision. Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship, 3(2), 134-146.
  • Zhang, P., Wang, D.D., & Owen, C.L. (2015). A study of entrepreneurial intention of university students. Entrepreneurship Research Journal, 5(1), 61-82.
  • Zhao, H., Seibert, S.E., & Hills, G.E. (2005). The mediating role of self-efficacy in the developpment of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(6), 1265.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.