Recent Changes in the Hungarian Healthcare System, 2010-2017
The paper provides a narrative and an assessment of the most important changes in the Hungarian healthcare during the 2nd and 3rd Orbán governments. The most important aspect is to understand that during this period the healthcare sector was not a priority, but nevertheless fundamental changes occurred. The explanation is that the Prime Minister, Viktor Orbán, completely restructured the entire constitutional arrangements and the changes affected the healthcare sector. The two main strategies were renationalisation and centralisation. The relative independence of the healthcare sector, which was the result of the reforms occurring between 1992 and 2010, was almost fully reversed and the Ministry of Health ceased to exist in 2010. (original abstract)
- Kornai J., Hungary's U-Turn, "Capitalism and Society" 2015; 10: 2.
- Csink L., Schandam B., Varga Zs. A. (eds.), The Basic Law of Hungary - A first commentary, National Institute of Public Administration, Budapest 2012, http://www.nki.gov.hu/nemzetkoezi-kapcsolatok/511-qthe-basic-law-of-hungary-a-first-commentaryq-cim-koetet-bemutatoja- (accessed: 05.08.2017).
- Fukuyama F., What's Wrong with Hungary, "The American Interest" 2012, 6 February, http://www.the-american-interest.com/2012/02/06/whats-wrong-with-hungary/ (accessed: 05.08.2017).
- Müller J.W., Moscow's Trojan Horse. In Europe's Ideological War, Hungary Picks Putinism, "Foreign Affairs" 2014, 6 August, http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/141825/jan-werner-mueller/moscows-trojan-horse (accessed: 5.08.2017).
- Bugarič B., Protecting Democracy and the Rule of Law in the European Union: The Hungarian Challenge, LSE 'Europe in Question' Discussion Paper Series 2014; 79, July.
- Brodsky C., Hungary's Dangerous Constitution, "Columbia Journal of Transnational Law" 2015, http://jtl.columbia.edu/hungarys-dangerous-constitution/ (accessed: 21.04.2016).
- The Semmelweis Plan, Resuscitated Health Care - Recovering Hungary. (A professional concept), Bp.: Ministry of National Resources - State Secretariat for Health 2011; 27 June, http://www.gyemszi.hu/conf/upload/BEK610_001.pdf (accessed: 05.08.2017).
- Orosz É., Burns A., The Healthcare System in Hungary, OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 241, OECD Publishing, Paris 2000, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/088362842087 (accessed: 05.08.2017).
- Gaál P., Health Care Systems in Transition: Hungary, WHO Regional Office for Europe on behalf of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen 2004.
- Boncz I., Nagy J., Sebestény A., Kőrösi L., Financing of Health Care Services in Hungary, "European Journal of Health Economics" 2004; 5: 252-258.
- Mihalyi P., Comparative study into causes of excess premature mortality in Hungary in comparison with selected CEE countries, Study prepared for the WHO Regional Office in Hungary, Budapest, Europe Ltd. 2010.
- Mihalyi P., Continuities and Discontinuities in Post-Communist Healthcare Systems: The Case of Hungary, in: Himanshu Sekhar Rout (ed.), Health Care Systems: A Global Survey, New Century Publications, New Delhi 2010, Chapter 10: 197-217.
- OECD, OECD Economic Surveys - Hungary, OECD, Paris 2012, March.
- Kutzin J., Bismarck vs. Beveridge: is there increasing convergence between health financing systems?, 1st annual meeting of SBO network on health expenditure, 21-22 November 2011, Paris, OECD, http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/19/4/49095378.pdf (accessed: 01.10.2017).
- Marrée J., Groenewegen P.P., Back to Bismarck: Eastern European Healthcare Systems in Transition, Avebury Ashgate Publishing House, Aldershot 1996.
- Mihalyi P. (ed.), Health Insurance Reform in Hungary, Vol. 1 (Dilemmas and Plans), Bp.: EUROPE Ltd. 2007.
- Mihalyi P. (ed.). Health Insurance Reform in Hungary, Vol. 2 (Rise and Fall), Bp.: EUROPE Ltd. 2008.
- Baji P., Pavlova M., Gulácsi L., Groot W., User fees for public health care services in Hungary: Expectations, experience, and acceptability from the perspectives of different stakeholders, "Health Policy" 2011; 102 (2): 255-262.
- Matolcsy G., Éllovasból sereghajtó [From Vanguard to Bringing Up the Rear], Éghajlat könyvkiadó, Budapest 2008.
- Mihalyi P., Spending cuts and centralisation in Hungarian healthcare as a response to the international financial crisis, "International Journal of Healthcare Management" 2012; 5 (3): 173-186.
- Varga J., Out-migration and attrition of physicians and dentists before and after EU accession (2003 and 2011). The case of Hungary, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market 2016, BWP - 2016/4.
- Eris M., Improving Health Outcomes and System in Hungary, OECD Economics Department Working Papers 2012, No. 961, OECD Publishing, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k98rwqj3zmp-en (accessed: 05.08.2017).
- Murtin F., Mackenbach J., Jasilionis D., Mira d'Ercole M., Inequalities in longevity by education in OECD countries: Insights from new OECD estimates, OECD Statistical Working Papers 2017/02, OECD Publishing, Paris 2017.