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Czasopismo
2019 | nr 7 | 7--26
Tytuł artykułu

Putting Higher Education in Its Place in (East Asian) Political Economy

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Umiejscawianie szkolnictwa wyższego we wschodnioazjatyckiej ekonomii politycznej
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Niniejszy artykuł przedstawia zmiany w szkolnictwie wyższym i instytucjach badawczych w społeczeństwach wschodnioazjatyckich na tle najnowszych tendencji w ekonomii politycznej, co dotyczy zwłaszcza reorientacji polityk państw prorozwojowych w tym regionie. Szkolnictwo wyższe jest tu nastawione na konkurencję i nadrabianie zaległości, nic więc dziwnego, że w miarę przesuwania się horyzontu rozwojowego zmieniają się również jego formy instytucjonalne i strategie. Proces nadrabiania zaległości zależy od imaginariów ekonomicznych, często związanych z imaginariami geoekonomicznymi, geopolitycznymi oraz szerszymi imaginariami społecznymi. Ich hegemonia zależy od zdyscyplinowania i wpływu dominującej narracji na zwolenników. Modyfikacja roli szkolnictwa wyższego i badań naukowych wiąże się z reorientacją państw prorozwojowych z rozwoju opartego na inwestycjach i nastawionego na eksport na rozwój oparty na wiedzy i inwestycjach, niekiedy uzupełniony wysiłkami na rzecz stworzenia międzynarodowych ośrodków finansowych i wykorzystania globalnej tendencji do finansjalizacji. Wspomniane kwestie poddano analizie porównawczej na przykładach wybranych gospodarek (społeczeństw) Azji Wschodniej. Artykuł kończy się ogólnymi wnioskami dotyczącymi trwałego zaangażowania państwa w szkolnictwo wyższe i jego umiędzynarodowienie w regionie. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
This article relates changes in higher education (HE) and research in East Asian societies to recent trends in political economy and, in particular, the reorientation of developmental states (DSs) in the region. The DS is oriented to catch-up competitiveness and, as the horizon of development shifts, so do its appropriate institutional forms and strategies. Catch-up competitiveness is guided by economic imaginaries, often linked to geoeconomic, geopolitical, and broader societal imaginaries, whose hegemony depends on particular discursive and disciplinary practices. The shift in the roles of HE and research is related to the reorientation of DSs from export-oriented, investmentled growth to knowledge-intensive, investmentled growth, supplemented in some cases by efforts to create international financial hubs to exploit a global trend towards financialisation. These themes are explored through the comparison of selected East Asian economies/societies. The article ends with some general conclusions about the state's continuing role in HE and its internationalisation in the region. (original abstract)
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
7--26
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
autor
  • Lancaster University, England
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171603061

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