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2020 | 23 | nr 3 | 111--132
Tytuł artykułu

A Comparison of Corporate Governance and Tax Avoidance of UK and Japanese Firms

Warianty tytułu
Ład korporacyjny a unikanie zobowiązań podatkowych - porównanie przedsiębiorstw brytyjskich i japońskich
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Celem niniejszego artykułu jest zbadanie wpływu ładu korporacyjnego na unikanie zobowiązań opodatkowanych w ujęciu międzynarodowym. W badaniu wykorzystano dane finansowe i dotyczące ładu korporacyjnego dla wybranych przedsiębiorstw japońskich i brytyjskich z okresu 2012-2017, pochodzące z bazy danych Datastream. Najpierw zbadano bezpośredni wpływ kilku mechanizmów ładu korporacyjnego na unikanie zobowiązań podatkowych. Następnie dokonano podziału wybranych przedsiębiorstw na dwie grupy (oparte o system prawa zwyczajowego i system prawa kodeksowego), aby zbadać związek między systemem prawa, ładem korporacyjnym, a unikaniem zobowiązań podatkowych. Do weryfikacji sformułowanych hipotez zastosowano zarówno jednoczynnikowe metody regresji, jak i Stosowalną Uogólnioną Metodę Najmniejszych. Kwadratów (FGLS). Badanie wykazało, że wielkość zarządu, występowanie niezależnych dyrektorów oraz obecność kobiet w zarządach, zmniejszają prawdopodobieństwo unikania zobowiązań podatkowych. Zaobserwowano jednak nieistotny związek między koncentracją własności a unikaniem zobowiązań podatkowych. Wykazano również, że przedsiębiorstwa w krajach o wyższym poziomie zarządzania na szczeblu krajowym są mniej podatne na unikanie zobowiązań podatkowych. Wyniki sugerują też, że rola ładu korporacyjnego jest większa w przypadku firm działających w krajach opartych o system prawa zwyczajowego niż w krajach opartych o system prawa kodeksowego. Opracowanie jest jednym z nielicznych badań, które badają związek między ładem korporacyjnym a unikaniem zobowiązań podatkowych w ujęciu międzynarodowym, z uwzględnieniem różnic w otoczeniu prawnym i instytucjonalnym. Związek ten jest różny w zależności od kraju. W tym artykule wyraźnie wskazano implikacje dla badań naukowych, praktyki i społeczeństwa. Wykazano w nim, że wdrożenie przez państwo prawidłowego systemu zarządzania, którego celem jest poprawa przejrzystości i odpowiedzialności, umożliwia ograniczenie unikania zobowiązań podatkowych przez przedsiębiorstwa. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
The present study was designed to determine the relationship between corporate governance and tax avoidance in an international setting. Financial and governance data sourced from the Datastream database for a sample of Japanese and UK firms between 2012 and 2017 are used. First, we examine the direct effect of several corporate governance mechanisms on tax avoidance. Second, we divide the full sample into two groups (common law and code law legal system) to explore the relationship between law, corporate governance, and tax avoidance. We use both univariate and feasible generalized least square (FGLS) regression methods to examine our hypotheses. This study finds that the board size, independent directors, and the presence of women on boards of directors reduce the likelihood of tax avoidance. However, we find an insignificant association between ownership concentration and tax avoidance. Second, it also finds that firms in countries with higher country-level governance engage in less tax avoidance. The results also suggest that the role of corporate governance is more pronounced for firms operating in common law countries than those in code law countries. This manuscript is one of the few studies that examine the relationship between corporate governance and tax avoidance in an international setting with different legal and institutional environment. This relationship differs across the two countries. This paper clearly identifies implications for research, practice, and society. It documents that when a country implements a good system of governance, which targets improving transparency and accountability, it will lead to less corporate tax avoidance. (original abstract)
Rocznik
Tom
23
Numer
Strony
111--132
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
autor
  • Majmaah University
autor
  • University of Sfax, Tunisia
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