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2020 | 18 | nr 1 | 88--105
Tytuł artykułu

Canada's Multi-Jurisdictional COVID-19 Public Health Response - January to May 2020

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
In late January 2020, the first COVID-19 case was reported in Canada. By March 5, 2020, community spread of the virus was identified and by May 26, 2020, close to 86,000 patients had COVID-19 and 6,566 had died. As COVID-19 cases increased, provincial and territorial governments announced states of public health emergency between March 13 and 20, 2020. This paper examines Canada's public health response to the COVID-19 pandemic during the first four months (January to May 2020) by overviewing the actions undertaken by the federal (national) and regional (provincial/territorial) governments. Canada's jurisdictional public health structures, public health responses, technological and research endeavours, and public opinion on the pandemic measures are described. As the pandemic unravelled, the federal and provincial/territorial governments unrolled a series of stringent public health interventions and restrictions, including physical distancing and gathering size restrictions; closures of borders, schools, and non-essential businesses and services; cancellations of non-essential medical services; and limitations on visitors in hospital and long-term care facilities. In late May 2020, there was a gradual decrease in the daily numbers of new COVID-19 cases seen across most jurisdictions, which has led the provinces and territories to prepare phased re-opening. Overall, the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada and the substantial amount of formative health and policy-related data being created provide an insight on how to improve responses and better prepare for future health emergencies. (original abstract)
Opis fizyczny
  • McMaster University, Canada
  • Dalhousie University, Canada; Nova Scotia Health Authority, Canada
  • University of Toronto, Canada
  • Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
  • McMaster University, Canada
  • McMaster University, Canada
  • St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Canada; McMaster University, Canada
  • McMaster University, Canada
  • University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom
  • University of Manitoba, Canada
  • University of Saskatchewan, Canada
  • University of British Columbia, Canada
  • McGill University, Canada
  • Women's College Hospital Institute for Health System Solutions and Virtual Care, Canada; University of Toronto, Canada
  • University of Toronto, Canada
  • University of Calgary, Canada
  • University of New Brunswick, Canada; University of Ottawa, Canada; New Brunswick Health Research Foundation, Canada; Saint John Human Development Council, Canada
  • Dalhousie University, Canada
  • Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
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