Insert a Root to Extract a Root of Quintic Quickly
The usual way of solving a solvable quintic equation has been to establish more equations than unknowns, so that some relation among the coefficients comes up, leading to the solutions. In this paper, a relation among the coefficients of a principal quintic equation is established by effecting a change of variable and inserting a root to the quintic equation, and then equating odd-powers of the resulting sextic equation to zero. This leads to an even-powered sextic equation, or equivalently a cubic equation; thus one needs to solve the cubic equation. We break from this tradition, rather factor the even-powered sextic equation in a novel fashion, such that the inserted root is identified quickly along with one root of the quintic equation in a quadratic factor of the form, $u^2 - g^2 = (u + g)(u - g)$. Thus there is no need to solve any cubic equation. As an extra benefit, this root is a function of only one coefficient of the given quintic equation.(original abstract)
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