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2020 | Vol. 18, z. 2 Polityka pamięci i konflikty pamięci w Europie Środkowej i Wschodniej | 9--32
Tytuł artykułu

Memory Politics in the Former Yugoslavia

Warianty tytułu
Polityka pamięci na obszarze byłej Jugosławii
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Artykuł zawiera przegląd najbardziej rozpowszechnionych tematów w postjugosłowiańskiej polityce pamięci, a także przegląd prac badaczy zajmujących się tymi zagadnieniami, ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem praktyk upamiętniających II wojnę światową i wojny lat 90. Trzydzieści lat po rozpadzie Socjalistycznej Federalnej Republiki Jugosławii dyskurs powojennej polityki pamięci nadal dominuje w prawie wszystkich państwach powstałych na gruncie byłej Jugosławii, mimo że dwa z nich pozornie pozostawiły za sobą przeszłość, przystępując do Unii Europejskiej. Wojny lat 90. stworzyły w regionie zupełnie nowy krajobraz pamięciowy oraz radykalnie zmieniły sposób, w jaki każdy kraj upamiętniał II wojnę światową. Chociaż artykuł dogłębnie analizuje w pierwszej kolejności pamięć zbiorową o takich miejscach, jak Jasenovac, Bleiburg i Knin, uwzględniono również trendy w całym regionie. Badania prowadzone zarówno przez młodych naukowców, jak i przez doświadczonych badaczy, którzy wprowadzili innowacyjne podejścia do badań nad pamięcią w byłej Jugosławii, zostały przedstawione tak, aby pokazać, jak nowe badania koncentrują się na kulturowej reprodukcji dominujących narracji, w nawiązaniu do odgórnego dyskursu politycznego.(abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
This article provides an overview of some of the most prevalent topics in post-Yugoslav memory politics as well as on some of the scholars working on these issues, focusing on the commemorative practices of the Second World War and the wars of the 1990s. Thirty years after the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia's disintegration, the discourse of post-war memory politics continues to dominate nearly all of the successor states, even though two of them have seemingly left the past behind to join the European Union. While the wars of the 1990s created an entirely new memoryscape in the region, they also radically transformed the way in which each country commemorated the Second World War. Although the article examines in-depth the collective remembrance of sites of memory, such as Jasenovac, Bleiburg, and Knin, trends across the broader region are also addressed. The work of young scholars, as well as experienced researchers, who have introduced innovative approaches in memory studies in the former Yugoslavia, is highlighted to show how new studies focus on the cultural reproduction of dominant narratives in addition to top-down political discourse.(original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
Twórcy
  • University of Rijeka, Croatia
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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