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Czasopismo
2020 | nr 4 | 541--554
Tytuł artykułu

The Effects of Policy Mix on the Pollutant Emissions in the United Kingdom

Warianty tytułu
Wpływ polityki budżetowej i pieniężnej na emisję zanieczyszczeń w Wielkiej Brytanii
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
Artykuł ukazuje skutki ekologiczne kombinacji polityki budżetowej i pieniężnej stosowanej do pobudzenia gospodarki w trakcie cykli koniunkturalnych. Jest to ważna kwestia zwłaszcza podczas kryzysu i w okresie pokryzysowym, kiedy rządy i banki centralne szukają nowej kombinacji polityki budżetowej i pieniężnej. Autorzy przeprowadzają analizę empiryczną opartą na dynamicznym modelu stochastycznym równowagi ogólnej uwzględniającym efekty środowiskowe (model E-DSGE), na danych kwartalnych dla Wielkiej Brytanii obejmujących okres od 1975 r. do 2016 r. Wyniki analizy wskazują, że stymulacja pieniężna gospodarki jest bardziej korzystna dla środowiska naturalnego aniżeli ekspansywna polityka fiskalna. Wynika to stąd, że ekspansja fiskalna wypiera na ogół inwestycje prywatne i powoduje przesunięcie produkcji do technik bardziej pracochłonnych, a mniej kapitałochłonnych, co wiąże się ze zwiększoną emisją zanieczyszczeń. Natomiast ekspansja monetarna silnie pobudza akumulację nowego kapitału fizycznego, co oznacza mniejsze zanieczyszczenie środowiska w kraju wysoko rozwiniętym, takim jak Wielka Brytania. (abstrakt oryginalny)
EN
The article demonstrates the ecological consequences of the fiscal-monetary policy mix that is used to boost economy during the business cycles. This is an important issue especially in the crisis and post-crisis periods, when a new balance between the monetary and fiscal policies is sought after by the governments and central banks. The authors perform their analysis with the empirical environmental dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model, using the quarterly data for the United Kingdom of the period 1975-2016. The results indicate that monetary macroeconomic stimulation is significantly more environment-friendly than fiscal expansion. This is mainly because fiscal expansion tends to crowd out private investment and shift the production from capital-intensive towards more labour-intensive techniques, which results in an increased pollution. Monetary expansion, in turn, has a stimulating effect on the accumulation of the new physical capital, which tends to entail less pollution in a highly developed country like the United Kingdom. (original abstract)
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
541--554
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • University of Lodz, Poland
  • University of Lodz, Poland
  • University of Lodz, Poland
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171611065

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