PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2020 | nr 2 | 9--23
Tytuł artykułu

Doubtful Ally or Ally Full of Doubts? The Course of Transatlantic Relations under Donald Trump's Presidency

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Donald Trump's "America-first" diplomacy has undermined the foundations of many alliances, including a transatlantic relationship on which post-war liberal order would rest. Under the current American presidency, EU-US relations are facing significant challenges whose implications are still far from clear. The list of discrepancies between the allies are growing ever longer and the American administration's decisions are antithetical to those taken by Brussels and other European capitals. Divisions, among other things, have occurred over policies towards the Paris Climate Agreement, Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and the Middle East approach. The special relationship between Europe and United States can no longer be taken for granted. In this presented paper, the author has looked beyond current political disagreements in order to focus on the long term factors underlying the "special relationship". The rationale behind this research is the dawn of great power politics that happens during the transition from uni-to-multipolar order. America's disengagement from (and defunding of) the global scene means that the European Union will have to adjust to a world with numerous centres of power and different sources of threat. Ursula von der Leyen announced, upon assuming offi ce in December 2019, that she would lead a "geopolitical Commission" engaged in tackling global challenges. All of this in the face of the first American administration in post-war history that opposes European integration. Due to the space limit (and deservedness for sole attention), the security and defence dimension of transatlantic cooperation will only be briefly mentioned. Regardless of any comments made by former European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker that the European Union will not create an alternative model to NATO, the creation of a Permanent Structure Cooperation (PESCO) and the establishing of a European Defence Fund cannot be limitted. Enhanced European defence will be essential for a "healthy transatlantic partnership with the United States". That partnership will, almost certainly, become more transactional.(original abstract)
Rocznik
Numer
Strony
9--23
Opis fizyczny
Twórcy
  • University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszów
Bibliografia
  • Alden E., Trump and the TPP: Giving Away Something for Nothing, Council on Foreign Relations, 23.01.2017.
  • Baker M., U.S.: Rumsfeld's 'Old' And 'New' Europe Touches On Uneasy Divide, Radio Free Europe, 24.01.2003, https://www.rferl.org/a/1102012.html (access 17.04.2020).
  • Borrell J., Opening statement, Hearing of Josep Borrell Fontelles, High Representative/Vice President-designate of the European Commission, Brussels, 7.10.2019.
  • Burghardt G., The European Union's Transatlantic Relationship, "EU Diplomacy Papers", no. 2/2006.
  • Bush G.W., Letter from the President to Senators Hagel, Helms, Craig, and Roberts, March 13, 2001.
  • Davidson J., The U.S. "Pivot to Asia", "American Journal of Chinese Studies", vol. 21, June 2014.
  • EU must develop 'appetite for power' says foreign policy chief Josep Borrell, 17.02.2020, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1iBPySIGx-o (access 25.04.2020).
  • European Commission, Towards a European Defence Union, Towards a more united, stronger, more democratic Union, May 2019.
  • European External Action Service, Anti-personnel mines: Statement by the Spokesperson on the United States' decision to re-introduce their use, Statement by the Spokesperson, Brussels, 4.02.2020.
  • European Strategy and Policy Analysis System, Global Trends to 2030. Challenges and Choices for Europe, April 2019.
  • European Union External Action Service, Declaration by the High Representative on behalf of the EU following US President Trump's announcement on the Iran nuclear deal (JCPOA), Brussels, 10.05.2018.
  • European Union External Action Service, MEPP: Statement by the High Representative/Vice-President Josep Borrell on the US initiative, Brussels, 4.02.2020.
  • European Union External Action Service, Netanyahu realised there is full EU unity on Jerusalem, Mogherini says after EU Foreign Affairs Council, 12.12.2017.
  • European Union External Action, Press release following High Representative/Vice-President Josep Borrell's offi cial visit to Iran, Brussels, 4.02.2020.
  • Face the Nation, "I think the European Union is a foe," Trump says ahead of Putin meeting in Helsinki, 15.07.2018, https://www.cbsnews.com/news/donald-trump-interview-cbs-news-european-union-is-a-foe-ahead-ofputin-meeting-in-helsinki-jeff-glor/ (access 25.04.2020).
  • Gowan R., Dworkin A., Three Crises and an opportunity: Europe's stake in multilateralism, Policy Brief, European Council on Foreign Relations, September 2019.
  • Hillman J.A., A Reset of the World Trade Organization's Appellate Body, Council on Foreign Relations, 14.01.2020.
  • Indyk M.S., Lieberthal K.G., O'Hanom M.E., Scoring Obama's Foreign Policy, "Foreign Affairs", no. 19(3).
  • Jehl D., Revkin A.C., Bush, in Reversal, Won't Seek Cut In Emissions of Carbon Dioxide, "The New York Times", March 14, 2001, Section A, Page 1.
  • Kagan R., The jungle grows back, Knopf 2018.
  • Krastev I., Will Europe Ever Trust America Again?, "The New York Times", 3.12.2019.
  • Leonard M., Saphiro J., Empowering EU Member States with Strategic Sovereignty, European Council on Foreign Relations, June 2019.
  • Leyen von der U., A Union that strives for more. My agenda for Europe, Political Guidelines for the Next European Commission 2019-2024.
  • Macron E., Sorbonne speech, Paris, 26.09.2017.
  • Obama B., The TPP would let America, not China, lead the way on global trade, "The New York Times", 2.05.2006, https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/president-obama-the-tpp-would-let-america-not-chinalead-the-way-on-global-trade/2016/05/02/680540e4-0fd0-11e6-93ae50921721165d_story.html (access 22.04.2020).
  • MacAskill E., Donald Trump arrives in UK and hails Brexit vote as 'great victory', "The Guardian", 24.01.2016, https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/jun/24/donald-trump-hails-eu-referendum-result-as-hearrives-in-uk (access 23.04.2020).
  • Polyakova A., Haddad B., Europe Alone. What Comes After the Transatlantic Alliance, "Forreign Affairs", no. 98(4), July/August 2019.
  • Pompeo M.R., On the U.S. Withdrawal from Paris Agreement (Press Statement), 4.11.2019.
  • Pompeo M.R., Remarks by Secretary Pompeo on Restoring the Role of the Nation-State in the Liberal International Order, Speech, Brussels,4.12.201 8.
  • Pompeo M.R., The West Is Winning, Speech, Munich, 15.02.2020.
  • ProductiehuisEU,
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.ekon-element-000171611255

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Zgłoszenie zostało wysłane

Musisz być zalogowany aby pisać komentarze.
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.