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2022 | 11(3-4) | 53--66
Tytuł artykułu

Non-Monotonic Reasoning in Medieval Theology: Problems and Assumptions

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Some interesting cases of non-monotonic reasoning have already been identified in medieval theological texts. Jacob Archambault proved in 2015 that the argumentation presented by St Anselm of Canterbury in his Proslogion has non-monotonic "embeddings". My own contribution from 2011 indicated that we can argue that a non-monotonic logic underlies some discussions provided by St Thomas Aquinas in his Summa theologiae, and showed that Boethius of Dacia used non-monotonic reasoning in his De aeternitate mundi. In this article, I would like to briefly present these examples and verify whether we can speak about similar cases in medieval Biblical exegesis. My aim is to outline particular problems connected with the identification of non-monotonicity which are specific to theology, as well as assumptions that should be adopted to successfully discuss this issue.(original abstract)
Słowa kluczowe
Theology   Logic  
Opis fizyczny
  • University of Warsaw, Poland
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